Armenia is one of the oldest countries in the world with a recorded history of about 35 3500 years. The earliest known ancestors of modern Armenian settlers, the Hayasazi tribe, also known as the Proto-Armenians, were native to the Armenian hills in eastern Anatolia. These tribes formed the Neri Tribal Union, which existed until the end of the 13th century BC. The Armenian aristocratic ancestor, Haik, was known for his fight with the Babylonian ruler Bell, probably one of the tribal leaders of the Hyas. The words ‘Neri’ and ‘Nerien’ are still used by Armenians as poetic synonyms of the words ‘Armenia’ and ‘Armenian’.
At the end of the second century BC, another Indo-European ethnic group, affiliated with the Thracians and Phrygians, and through the Greeks, called the Armenians, migrated from the northern Balkans to the Armenian hills. According to a Greek narrative, which in fact reflects this tribal emigration, Armenians’ ancestors – Armenias – were one of the Argonites, with Jason in search of the Golden Dark. In 1115 BC, King Dzilla Pelisser I of Assyria reported a war with an army of 20,000 Armenians in Gadomok, the Assyrian province.
The combination of the Armenians with Desi Hayasa eventually gave rise to the Armenian population as it is known today. The existence of two major classes among the Armenian people is best explained by the fact that the Armenians call themselves “Hia” after Hia and their country “Hiaston”, while others call them Armenia and their country in Armenia. After Armenia says. The Armenian language is primarily the language of the Armenians, the only survivor of the now-extinct Thraco-Fringeian group. It contains a large number of hyssia words and grammatical features, as well as a significant number of non-European words from minority ethnic groups, which have also contributed to the ethnic lineage of Armenians.
The first important state of the Armenian Highland was a noble kingdom of Ararat (with capital Tashpa, today’s van), known as Assur’s name, Orato (Ararat). The kingdom was established in the XI century BC and was present until VII century BC. Although mostly Armenian, the Yarrato was ruled (at least during the first centuries) by non-Armenian and non-European families. 2 In 782 BC, the Eurasian King Eragashti I founded the fortified city of Eri Boni, which is today the capital of Yerevan, Armenia. Another large town in the Errat Valley was the Argashti Mines, which was founded by Argusti I in the year 775 BC.
In the late eighteenth century, weakened by the Scythian invasions, the Urartu of Christ collapsed, but was restored decades later in Armere with the former Armeshini-Kheneli, the capital under the Armenian Yordoni (Orentades) family. The living kingdom was formerly called neighboring Armenia, but its old name, Ararto, was still used in some languages. The same country is called ‘Ermoto’ in Armenia and Acadian version in Persian and Elymite version in the famous tri-city of Behlaston-Shilia, by the Persian king Darius the Great (52२2–486)
The Artesian Family, the first Armenian monarchy
Under the Yarondoni family, Armenia soon became part of the powerful Ahimanid Persia, and later the Seleucid Empire. It restored its entire independence in 190 BC under the Artisan I, the founder of the Artesian Family (Artexides).
The empire began to flourish and rose to prominence during the second millennium, also known as the Tiger Great (95-55 BC). Under the Dajla, Armenia rose to a height of unique power in its history and Asia became one of the strongest states in the minority. A large area was occupied from Perthia, which was forced to sign a treaty of unity. Iberia (Georgia), Caucasian Albania,
and Atropatini had already accepted Tigran’s surgery when the Syrians presented him with the crown (83 BC). Tiger entered the south as far as Ptolemais (modern Eco in Israel). As a result, the empire of Dajla II extended from the Caspian Sea in the east to the Mediterranean Sea in the west, and Mesopotamia in the south to the River Korah in the north. Along with political solidarity and regional expansion of Armenia, there was extraordinary cultural development, with Uranato’s rich cultural heritage mixed with Hellenistic qualities. As a result, Armenia became one of the most Hellenistic and culturally advanced countries of Asia Minor in the Artesian period.
After the death of Djela II, Armenia was repatriated to its ethnic Armenian territory and found itself in the middle of a long war between Rome and Persia, when every superpower was trying to make Armenia its ally. That was, because military assistance was being provided with Armenia, Asia is very important for gaining political prominence.
The Arashkonian family, the second Armenian kingdom
In the middle of the first century CE a new royal family – Arshakoni (Arsacides) was established in Armenia. The family belonged to the royal family of Persia, which bore the same family name. During this period, Armenia and Persia enjoyed a long period of peace and co-operation, until the reign of the Sassanid dynasty in Persia until 251 CE. As an ally of the empire that ousted Armenia from power, the Sassanids adopted Armenian policy, seeking to overthrow the Armenian state and unite the Armenian nation.
Because the Armenian religion of that period had a similarity between both Zoroastrian and Greco-Roman polytheists, in their sense of Armenian policy, the Sasanians were trying to exploit religious proximity. To deprive the Parsis of this advantage, the Armenian king Tardat Som declared Christianity in 301 AD the state religion of Armenia, thus making Armenia the first Christian state in the world, as Gregory the first head of the Illuminator (Catholic). At the Armenian Apostolic Church. Twelve years after Armenia officially became a Christian, Christianity was officially legalized in the Roman Empire.
Arab invasion and Byzantine Empire
By the end of the fourteenth century, the Byzantine Empire and Sassanid Persia formally established their jurisdiction in Armenia. hak In 428 years the Arashkoni family was dissolved, and the eastern part of Armenia was annexed to Persia, while the western part was placed under Byzantine rule. The Sassanidians were forcing Armenians to become Zoroastrians, leading to the Armenian uprising in 451 under the command of the Armenian army
commander, Prince Vartan Mamikunin. Although the Armenian armies of the Persians were virtually defeated by the legendary war of Av Aurevir, and the Vartan Memicon itself was dead, it proved to be an important victory for the Armenians, as the Persians eventually replaced the Armenians and Abandoned efforts to annex them, and forced Armenia to agree to a much higher sovereignty.
The spiritual independence of Armenia was further emphasized in menia4, when the Second Council of Devin (the capital of Armenia of that period) rejected the Dietfacet formula of the Council of Chalcedon (1 451), a decisive step that led Armenians. Removed from Roman and Greek. Churches certainly as they were already ideologically separated from the East.
Until the invasion of Armenia in 634, Armenia was virtually independent under Princess Theodore Reich. After conquering Persia, the Arabs began concentrating their forces against Armenia, but did not succeed in conquering this country until 654.
The Bagratonian family, the third Armenian kingdom
After more than two centuries of struggle with the Arab Caliphate, Armenia regained independence in 886, and both the Caliphate and Constantinople recognized Prince Ashut Bogartoni as King of Armenia. During the reign of the Bogartoni family,
Armenia reached its peak in political, social and cultural development. The capital city of Armenia of that time was a magnificent city, called “the city of a thousand and one churches.” The Armenian architecture of the Bagratoni era, especially the dome-making techniques for which the Armenian architect was notorious, had a significant impact on Byzantine and European architectural styles.
By the end of the tenth century, the Byzantine Empire, though ruled by a royal family of Armenian origin, adopted a policy of sight to weaken Armenia and eventually annexed it in 1045, thus leading to a devastating Turkish invasion. Deprived himself of an effective shield against From Central Asia
The Rubyne family, the fourth Armenian monarchy
Before the fall of the Bogratoni Empire, several princes of Armenia escaped to Armenia and sought refuge in Silesia, located in the northeast corner of the Mediterranean, where the majority of the Armenian population was. In 1080, their leader, Prince Rubin, established a new kingdom in Seleucia, known as Ceylon Armenia,
or Armenia Minor (small Armenia). The new Armenian state established very close ties with European countries, and during the Crusades played a very important role in providing Christian troops with a safe haven and on the road to Jerusalem. Marriage was common to European Crusader families, and European religious,
political, and cultural influence was strong. The royal court of Silesia and the kingdom itself were reformed by Western models, and many French terms were added to the Armenian language. Ceylon Armenia also played an important role in the Venetian and Genesee trade with the East.
Enduring the constant attacks of the Turks, the Mongols, the Egyptians, and the Byzantines, Scythian Armenia survived for three centuries and fell to the Egyptian Memoloc in 1375. The last Armenian king of Seleucia, Leon VI Lucinian, emigrated to France, where his tomb can still be seen. St. Denis Cathedral of Paris The title of “King of Armenia” reached the kings of Cyprus, from there to the Venetians, and later claimed by the Saivite families.
Armenia under Turkish government
After the fall of Silesian Armenia, the historical Armenian homeland, or Greater Armenia, was subjected to various Muslim fighters, and eventually split between the Ottoman Empire (West Armenia) and Persia (East Armenia). Many Armenian states have been able to maintain their independence or independence. Most notable of these was the Federation Khamsa in Artsakh (today’s Nagorno-Karabakh), which included the governments of five unions. The de facto independent Armenian kingdoms also existed in the Sasson and Olive areas of western Armenia.
Having been around for centuries in terms of physical annihilation, Armenians still managed to maintain and develop their national, religious, and cultural identity. In addition to architecture, Armenians have successfully demonstrated themselves in literature, painting, sculpture and music. Armenians were the 10th nation in the world to print their language.
In 1828 the Russian Empire occupied eastern Armenia from Persia. Communication with liberal thought in Russia and Western Europe is a 19th-century Armenian cultural heritage. There was a reason for the secondary. In the Ottoman Empire, the Armenians initially benefited from the reform measures known as the Tanzanites, and in 1863 the Ottoman government recognized the special Armenian custom. These freedoms were, however, unknown outside Constantinople, and the condition of the Armenians in Anatolia was unbearable.
The so-called “Armenia Question” arose in the relationship between the Ottoman Empire – the “sick man of Europe” – and the European superpower. After the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78, in which East Armenians participated, Russia insisted on the Treaty of San Stefano to reform the Sultan’s Armenian subjects and guarantee their protection against the Kurds. ۔ The demand was softened by the Berlin congress, but by the end of the century Britain had been an element of international politics with Britain over the role of the protector of Turkey.
After losing much of its territory to the Balkans, the Ottoman Empire feared losing to western Armenia, which would mean the end of the Ottoman dream of creating a Turkish Empire stretching from the Balkans to the Yellow Sea. A new state policy was created, which aimed to finalize the “Armenian question” through the complete annihilation of the Armenians in their historic homeland of 3500 years. The Armenian massacre became a common occurrence during the reign of Sultan Abdul Hameed. In 1895, when Abdul Hamid was forced to promise Britain, France and Russia to reform, mass killings took place in the Armenian provinces. In 1896, more massacres took place in the capital and in Seleucia.
After coming to power in Constantinople, the Young Turks made the “No Armenian – No Armenian questions” policy a top priority. Taking advantage of the favorable political conditions created by World War I, he launched the “Final Solution of the Armenian Question” on April 24, 1915, without trial for hundreds of Armenian academics in Constantinople. In the Armenian provinces of eastern Anatolia, all Armenian men aged 15-62 have been hired, unarmed and hanged. Defenseless Armenian women,
children and the elderly are deported in the Syrian desert of Al Jazeera. Most of them were brutally killed on the way by Turkish soldiers or Kurdish nomads, or died of starvation and suffering. In the first genocide of the twentieth century, more than half a million Armenians, or 80% of the Armenian population of western Armenia, were killed. Hundreds of millions of survivors of the genocide found refuge in neighboring countries, which established the Armenian Diaspora worldwide. By 1923, Western Armenia was fully de-ordinated, and was successfully incorporated into the newly formed Republic.
71 years of Soviet rule in Armenia has been a period of relative security, great economic development, and cultural and educational achievements. But during the same period, the Soviet Azerbaijan government was running a systematic policy of removing Armenians from the Nakhidjuyan, which still has no Armenian population. The same policy was less effective in Nagorno-Karabakh, where Armenians remained the majority.
In February 1988, a peaceful, democratic movement for unity with Armenia began in Nagorno-Qarbakh, and the regional assembly of the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous region passed a resolution to move Kazakhstan from Azerbaijan to Armenia. Resigned in favor of the acquisition of Individuals living in alien dominance for self-determination. The Azeri Party responded to the massacre of Armenians in the Azri cities of Samagite, Kiribad
and Baku, then turned the Peace Movement into a violent conflict, and soon committed military aggression against the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh. The Nogorno Republic Nagorno-Karabakh invasion succeeded in defeating the invading forces and forming a security zone around the area and a humanitarian route to Armenia. Negotiations on the future status of Nagorno-Karabakh are under way by the so-called Minsk group, the Security and Cooperation Organization in Europe, the United States, the Russian Federation and the Joint President of France.