Austria History

Austria History

Like most European countries, Austria considers a very important event. Nevertheless, there are elements of Austrian character that have not changed for centuries: the past, present and present, of ownership, has always been in favor, of beauty, cultivation and cultivation.

Early days

The territory of today’s Austria, which is the fertile, Danube Valley and the Alpine Valley, was already inhabited in the Paleolithic period (about – 8000 BC) About 400 BC, Celtic people from Western Europe settled in the Eastern Alps. A Celtic state, Nurekam, flourished around the region in the second century BCE. Since the seventh century BCE, an important area of occupation of the Celtic has been in modern Austria,, around Hall Stutt, which is a major area of prehistoric salt mining. The period of Halstedt, 750 – c.450 BC, is named after this region

The Romans reached 200 BC and by 15 BC they dominated the whole area. The largest Roman settlement in Austria was K rtanum (today the capital, of the Romanian province of Pannonia in lower Austria), which became the center of Roman fortresses along the Danube. Today there is a fascinating archaeological park with a museum and an amphitheater.

From Ostarrichi to Austria


By the end of the second century CE, various Germanic tribes were invading Roman territory and extending their territory. By the mid-500’s, the Bavarians controlled the area between the Eastern Alps and the Underworld region. About 800 King of France and finally the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne established an area, in the Danube Valley known as the Astermark (East March). 6996 The Austark was designated “Ostarchi”, a clear precursor to the modern German word “ostrich

The Babenbergs


Between 976, when Leopold von Babenburg, became the Marguerite of the Antarctic, and in 1246, the Duchy of Austria became the sole proprietor of the Babenburg family. The family established their first residence in Pucharan before moving to Malik in a natural winding area. In the 12th century, Henry II transferred his residence, to Vienna, which has been the capital of this country ever since Also, the cathedral of St. Stephen was completed in the 12th century, which became a landmark in the city, showing its outstanding function Henry II founded the Scottish monastery in Vienna, the courtyard of which remains to this day.

The launch of the Hebbs Community


Habsburg
Some 100 years after Rudolph first emerged with the Crown, it began six centuries of the rule of Habsburg in Austria. The center of his sphere was the Royal Palace of Vienna, which today includes several museums (the Treasury Sisi Museum) that offer an excellent overview of Habsburg.

The Habsburgs increased their influence and power through strategic alliances approved by marriage. Due to premature deaths and / or offspring, marriages in Burgundian and Spanish families in which her grandfather, Maximilian I (1493-1519), and her father were married, not to Emperor Charles VI (1519-56) The only hereditary, land is inherited by Franche C ۔te and the Netherlands (both of which were French Jaffa) and Spain and the United States

The launch of the Hebbs Community


Habsburg
Some 100 years after Rudolph first emerged with the Crown, it began six centuries of the rule of Habsburg in Austria. The center of his sphere was the Royal Palace of Vienna, which today includes several museums (the Treasury Sisi Museum) that offer an excellent overview of Habsburg.

The Habsburgs increased their influence and power through strategic alliances approved by marriage. Due to premature deaths and / or offspring, marriages in Burgundian and Spanish families in which her grandfather, Maximilian I (1493-1519), and her father were married, not to Emperor Charles VI (1519-56). The only hereditary land is inherited. by Franche C ۔te and the Netherlands (both of which were French Jaffa) and Spain and the United States

The Turkish Wars

The Turkish threat, which included the failed siege of Vienna in 1529, and in 1683 Poland Venice, and Russia agreed to join the imperial kingdom in repelling the Turks. In the late 1690s, the command of the Imperial troops was entrusted to Prince Eugene of Savoy Under their leadership, Habibus forces took control of all but a small part of Hungary by 1699.

Bark periods

With the elimination of the Turkish threat, the arts and culture suffered a surge. Great buildings like the Schloss Sanborn (World Heritage) or the Salzburger Dome were built Architects like Johann Fisher vs. Erlach, Lucas vs. Hildebrand, Jacob Prandtauer, Daniel Grant, Paul Trogger, Franz Anton Mulbertsch have created extraordinary monuments. The Habsburg holdings were refined and unified under the rule of Empress Maria Theresia (1717-1780) After Maria Thieriza’s death in 1780, her son Joseph II one of the so-called enlightened kings, continued to reform her mother’s pursuit.

Jojand Steele (Art Nouveau) from Badermere


The French Revolution in 1789 and the rise of Napoleon, who occupied French territories in many Australasia posed a major threat to the Habsburgs. During the Vienna Congress (1814/15), with the aim of re-drawing, the continent’s political map after the defeat of Napoleon, the Austrian Chancellor Matternach sought to reestablish Austrian power. In 1848, the French philosopher’s middle class revolution reached Austria,

but the rebellion was quickly abolished, and Emperors Francis I and Matternich responded to end civil liberties and introduce severe censorship As a result, people retreated to their homes, concentrating on domestic and non-political. Social life stopped. The second part of the Biederm گیاr period marked the increasing ,urbanization and industrialization, which led to a new urban middle class. People started reuniting, and the arts were liked Artists of the time include artists such as Ferdinand George Waldmرller and Frederick Gorman, composer Franz Schubert, and poets Edelbert Stiffter Ferdinand Raymond and Franz Grupperzer.

Finally, Emperor Ferdinand I was forced to withdraw in favor of his nephew, Franz Joseph I, whose 68-year reign was one of Austria’s longest. Along with his wife Elizabeth, the legendary “Sisi”, they formed the form of Austrian royal rule. Under his rule Vienna became one of the most important cities in Europe and the center of a multinational, state stretched from Hungary to northern Italy and deep into southern Europe.

The King of the Waltz, Johann Strau was celebrated all over the world for his amazing music composing. Sigmund Freed was the founder, of the Psychological School of Psychology, a movement that popularized the idea that unconscious stimuli control excessive behavior. About 1900 Vienna Jojand Steel (Art Nouveau) dealt with the time,

during which the visiting artists and designers, separated from the mainstream salon exhibitions to showcase themselves in a more creative environment. Leading legendary steel artists include artists Gustav Kilt and Aegon Schell, and architects Otto Wagner and Adolph Luce. A visit to the Vienna Rangstra ß Boulevard with its magnificent, buildings offers an excellent overview of the tour of the Sisi, Sisi or Sigmund Fried Museum or the Esterreichs Gallery Belvedere.

20th Century


The Moving Times
Faced with racial tensions and tied to a tight system of unity since the wars of the 19th century, Austria’s Hungarian monarchy was a devastating situation awaiting. The necessary spark was the assassination of the Archbishop, of Austria and the assassination of Frances Ferdinand, heir to the throne in Sarajevo in June 1914. World War I began in Austria’s

declaration war against Serbia. Emperor Frances Joseph died in 1916 and after the outbreak of the war in 1918 the first republic of Austria, was formed ending the 640 year old Hibs family. The Young Republic suffered widespread inflation, unemployment and near-economic collapse. In 1933,

the Christian-weaker coalition government between the Social and Social Democratic Parties took over when Englebert Dolphus ,became head of the right-wing coalition government after becoming rice in 1932, due to the anxiety caused by depression. Was designed to cope In May 1934, Doflos announced a martial law to protect Austria from Hitler. In July, the dolphins were shot dead by the Nazis during a coup

On March 12, 1938, the German army marched, in Austria and the country was annexed to the German Reich under Adolf Hitler After the outbreak of World War II in 1945, Austria was restored to its 1937, frontiers and occupied for a decade by conquering allies – the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France

Twenty-first century


On May 15, 1955, the Austrian state treaty was ratified, Austria declared permanent neutrality. Due to its location near the “Iron Curtain” Austria soon became a nerve center between the West and the East. After the Hungarian Revolution in 1956 and the Prague Spring invasion of 1968, Austria sheltered refugees. Austria is the host country of several international organizations (UNO, OPEC) as well as host of several important conferences and summit meetings The Iron Curtain fell in 1989/90. In 1995, Austria became a member of the European Union.

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