Bahrain Which Country And History
Bahrain Which Country And History Bahrain is a small Arab state, formally known as the Kingdom of Bahrain, located in the Persian Gulf. The country is made up of a group of islands between the islands of Qatar and the northeast coast of Saudi Arabia. Bahrain is an island nation located near the western coast of the Persian Gulf in the Middle East. Bahrain’s history is similar to ancient history. Bahrain was the main city of the ancient Dalmun civilization, and its strategic position in the Persian Gulf created rule and influence from the Arabs, Persians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Syrians, and the British. Read on to find out more about country history.
Antiques in Bahrain
During the Bronze Age, Bahrain became the home of the heart of civilization. It made the country an important trading center, connecting Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley. The Assyrians and the Babylonians later ruled Bahrain.
From the sixth to the third century BC, Bahrain was a part of the Persian Empire under the rule of the Achimian Empire from Iran. When Islam came into the country, the other two families controlled Bahrain from the third century BC to the seventh century BC. They were Perthians and Sassanids. By around 250 BC, the Pharthenes controlled the Persian Gulf and spread their influence to Oman. They also built gorges along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf to control trade routes.
During the classical period, the ancient Greeks called Bahrain the center of the pearl trade, when the Greek admiral, Knickers, made his first visit there. Knockers served under Alexander the Great, who ousted the ruling tribe Al-Hamer. Alexander planned to settle the Greek colonies in the country, but it is unclear whether this happened at the scale he imagined. Bahrain, however, became part of the Hellenized World. Greek was the language of the upper class, but Aramaic was still used in everyday use, and Zeus was to be worshiped in the form of the Arabic sun god Shams. Even Bahrain became the location of Greek athletic competitions.
Medieval in Bahrain
In 899 CE, a thousand-year-old Ismaili Muslim faction conquered Bahrain in an attempt to establish a Utopian party based on people’s cause and property. Later the Kremlin began demanding a tribute from the Baghdad caliph, and in 930 sacked Madinah and Mecca, and summoned the holy black stone, their base for ransom in the navy.
6 In 976 CE, the Karamites were defeated by the Abbasids and the Arabian Empire of Al-Wasa overthrew it. The family controlled the entire Bahrain from 1076 to 1235 when the Persian rulers were temporarily inhabited by the region. In 1253, by the Bedouin Asfurid, which occupied the islands of Bahrain as well as in eastern Arabia, the Yunnan Empire collapsed. The island was adopted as a subsidiary of the rulers of the Hormuz in 1330, but the island was locally ruled by the Shi’ite Jarwadin family of Qatif. The Bedouin dynasty, located in Abarsa, gained control of the island and most of eastern Arabia in the mid-15th century.
Early modern times in Bahrain
In 1521, the Portuguese partnered with the Hormuz and occupied Bahrain with the ruler Megrin Ibn Zamal, who was assassinated during the occupation. The Portuguese rule lasted for about 80 to 80 years and they relied heavily on the Sunni Persian rulers. In 1602, Abbas I of the Safavi dynasty of Persia expelled the Portuguese from the islands, and this strengthened Shia Islam. Persian rulers retained power over the region for the next two centuries, with a
brief invasion of the worshipers of Oman in 1717 and 1738. For the most part, Persian rulers ruled the sea via migrants, Sunni Arab tribes, or through this city. The Sunni Arab tribes of Bashir were tribes that were returning to the Arabs in the Persian Gulf areas in the north and were called the Hauzas. The Houthi tribe of Nasr al-Makhkhor marched in Bahrain in 1753 by Karim Khan Zand and restored direct Iranian rule.
In 1783, Nasr al-Makhkhor defeated the islands of Bahrain, when he was defeated in 1782 by the Utbah tribe in the battle zone.
19th century and later in Bahrain
Both Oman and Al-Saud invaded Bahrain in the early 19th century. In 1802, Bahrain was ruled by a 12-year-old child, Country , whom his father, Syed Sultan, had appointed governor in the Arad fort. In 1816, William Bruce, a British political residence in the Gulf, received a letter from the Sheikh of Bahrain, which was rumored to have supported Britain’s invasion of Bahrain by Muscat Imam. The Sheikh was convinced that this was not so and the two sides signed an informal agreement that assured the neutrality of the Sheikh or the United Kingdom.
In 1820, after Britain signed the leadership of the treaty, Al-Khalifa was recognized as the ruler of Bahrain.
In 1860, after writing a letter to the Ottomans and the Persians, Al-Khalifas guarded Bahrain under the protection of the Ottomans, who offered better conditions for the country. After the Persians refused to protect it, the British Indian government finally subdued Bahrain. A new agreement to keep Bahrain under British protection and rule was, therefore, signed by Khalifif and Colonel Pelly.
After the Qatari Mediterranean War in 1868, British delegates and allies signed another treaty stating that the ruler could not give his territory to anyone other than Britain and had to get the British consent to engage. Is. Relations with foreign governments The British in return promised to help protect Bahrain from any naval confrontation and invade the land. In 1880 and 1892, other treaties were signed, which sealed Britain’s position as a protector of Country . It was 1892 when Britain officially established its authority in the area.
During his tenure, Britain succeeded in keeping Country under Charles Belgrave’s original rule. He served as advisor to the ruler until 1957. Belgrave made many reforms, for example, the establishment of the first modern school in Country in 1919, the first girls’ school in the Persian Gulf in 1928, and the abolition of slavery in 1937.
The oil was discovered in 1931 by the California Standard Oil Company’s subsidiary Country Petroleum Company. Production began the following year and this led to the modernization of the country. In the early 1930s, Country Airport was built. In the same decade, the Bahrain Maritime Airport was built for ships and flying boats.
Bahrain participated in World War II on behalf of the Allies. After the end of the war, anti-British sentiment increased, spreading throughout the Arab world, which led to the revolt in Bahrain. The uprising focused mostly on the Jewish population, and when hostilities escalated in 1948, most Jews were forced to move to Bombay and later settled in Israel and Britain.
In the 1950s, the reformers formed a national union committee after sectarian strife and demanded an assembly that elected and ousted Belgrave.
On August 15, 1971, through a UN referendum, Country declared its independence by Shah Iran despite claims of historical sovereignty over the country. Britain and Bahrain signed a new friendship treaty, and that same year, Bahrain became a member of the UN and the Arab League.
Following the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, Bahrain’s Shi’ite fundamentalists organized a failed coup attempt in 1981 under the patronage of the Islamic Front for Bahrain’s independence.
There was a public uprising between 1994 and 2004 and all Islamist, liberal and left-wing parties joined. The uprising ended when Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa was appointed Prince of The . It freed political prisoners, held elections for parliament, and empowered women to vote. The referendum between 14 and 25 February 2001 supported the National Action Charter, and as part of its adoption, Bahrain changed its official name from the Kingdom of Bahrain (Dwala) to the Kingdom of Bahrain on February 14, 2002.
Following the Arab uprising in 2011, Bahrain also staged protests on February 14 and was instructed to respect most human rights and greater political freedom. The protests were very peaceful until the morning raid by police to disperse the protesters from the Pearl Roundabout in Manama on February 17, where four protesters were killed by police.
This increased some of the protesters’ demands and demanded the end of the monarchy. On March 15, King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa ordered a three-month emergency and instructed the army to consolidate its authority as clashes spread across the country. By March 2014, more than 80 civilians and 13 policemen were killed as a result of the uprising.