Bangladesh History Medieval European geographies were located in Paradise at the mouth of the Ganges, and although this was largely exciting, Bengal was probably the richest part of the subcontinent until the 16th century. The earliest history of the region includes a clash between Hinduism and Buddhism for the succession, internal turmoil and domination of the Indian kingdoms. All of this was merely a precursor to the restraining wave of Islam that disappeared in northern India at the end of the 12th century. In 1199, Muhammad Bakhtiyar, from Turkmenistan, occupied Bengal with only 20 men, thanks to an incomprehensible ‘courageous and clever’ tactic.
Under the Mughal Viceroy, art and literature developed, overland trade expanded and Bengal was opened to global maritime trade. It later marked the death knell of the Mughal rule as the Europeans began to establish themselves in the region. The Portuguese arrived in the early 15th century but were expelled by the local opposition in 1633. In 1690, the East India Company negotiated the terms for establishing a strong trading letter in Calcutta.
The fall of the Mughal power resulted in the rise of the Nawab empire of the independent kingdom of Bengal. Robert Clive, the clerk of the humble East India Company, effectively abolished Bengal’s rule when an infected Nawab attacked a British raid in Calcutta and recruited unfortunate people who could not escape to the underground fireworks. A year later Clive recovered Calcutta and replaced the East India Company with the British Government in 1857 after the Indian uprising.
The British established an unprecedented organizational and social structure in Bengal, and Calcutta became one of the most important centers of trade, education and culture in the subcontinent. However, many Bangladeshi historians blame the promotion of British dictatorial agricultural policies and semi-feudal zamindari system to end the area of its property and convey its social fabric.
The presence of the British was a relief to the minority Hindus but disastrous for the Muslims. Hindus cooperated with the British, entered British educational institutions and studied the English language, but the Muslims refused to cooperate, and when the crops failed or another local product was deemed invalid by the government policy. So the Muslims made a riot.
By the end of WWII it was clear that European colonialism had made its way and Indian independence was inevitable. Independence was achieved in 1947, but the struggle was bitter and divisive, especially in Bengal, where the battle for self-government was complicated by internal religious conflicts. It was impossible for the British to understand any agreement between the Muslims and the Hindus,
deciding the partition of the subcontinent. Bengal and Punjab, two dominant Muslim regions, were located on opposite sides of India, with only one stumble. The situation was complicated in Bengal, where a large cash crop, the majority of jute was grown in the Muslim-majority east, but it was processed and shipped from Calcutta to the Hindu-majority city in the west.
Despite many and varied complaints, the division became regular and East Bengal became the destructive state of East Pakistan. It was organized illegally from West Pakistan, in which it shared some similarities with Muslim religion. The inequality between the two regions soon gave rise to a sense of Bengali nationalism that was not accounted for while calling for Muslim independence.
When the Pakistan government announced that ‘Urdu and only Urdu’ would be the national language, it was time for Bengali-speaking Bengalis to consolidate their cultural identity. When the Bangladeshi language rehabilitation campaign became a pressure for the government itself and when the Awami League, a nationalist party, won a majority in the 1971 national elections, President Pakistan suffered the unacceptable results. Faced, the inauguration of the National Assembly was postponed. General Chat Chat Lounge Riots and strikes started in East Pakistan, unilateral declaration of the independent state of Bangladesh was made, and Pakistan sent troops to stop the uprising.
The war that followed was one of the shortest and bloodiest wars of the modern era, in which the Pak army occupied all major cities, used Napalm against cows, and slaughtered and abused villagers. Bangladeshis describe Pakistan’s barbaric tricks as genocidal attempts. Border clashes between Pakistan and India increased when Indian-trained Bangladeshi guerrillas crossed the border.
When the Pakistani Air Force attacked the Indian forces before it was launched, an open war broke out. Indian troops crossed the border and found the Pakistani army attacking itself from the east by the Indian army, guerrillas from the north and east and every constituency of the civilian population. It all ended in 11 days and Bangladesh, the 139th country in the world, officially came into existence. In January 1972, Sheikh Mujib, one of the founders of the Awami League, became the country’s first prime minister. He was assassinated in 1975 during a crisis.
Bangladesh The devastating and destructive new country faced famine in 1973-74, followed by martial law, subsequent military coup and political assassination. In 1979, Bangladesh began a short-lived experiment with the largely populist President Zia-led democracy, which established good relations
with the West and oil-rich Islamic countries. His assassination in 1981 eventually returned the country to a military government that periodically made vague announcements that the elections would be “soon”. While these announcements were immediately welcomed by the local press as proof that Bangladesh was indeed a democracy, but by 1991 nothing had happened. This year, the military dictator General Irshad was forced to resign, following an unprecedented mass movement led by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. The public league.
Bangladesh In 1991 democracy was established again and Begum Khaleda Zia became Prime Minister. The economy boosted the growth rate by 4.5 percent, and strengthened relations with the West when the government sent troops to help the Gulf War, the US-led Haiti invasion, and the war in Bosnia. By 1994,
On March 30, Begum Khaleda Zia stood down and a caretaker government was appointed under the leadership of Muhammad Habib-ur-Rehman. The Awami League was led by Sheikh Hasina Wajid.
In October 2001, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party won the parliamentary elections and Begum Khaleda Zia took oath as Prime Minister.