Belize history

Belize history

Belize history The country we call Belize today has amazing and singular historical features. It has a long and collected history of vague definitions and names. Differently known as the Bucks, Belize, Bay of Honduras, Honduras, British Yucatan, Belize, Belize, and Belize.

From the middle of the nineteenth century the British invaders called it British Honduras, until 1973 when its British colonial office officially named Belize.

Hundreds of ruins and ceremonial centers show that for thousands of years, Belize was inhabited by the Maya civilization, which was known between 250 and 900 CE. At its height, Maya of Belize and Central America has created one of the most densely populated and culturally vibrant societies in the world. Eventually, civilization refused to leave behind large groups whose descendants still exist in Belize.

In 1502, Columbus traveled through parts of the Caribbean, but apparently did not visit the area later known as British Honduras. The first European who made Belize his home was Gonzo Guerrero, a sailor of Pelos in Spain, who sailed the Yucatan peninsula in 1511 and was captured by Maya and later married. And today in Chechmal, in northern Belize, was settled in Corozal Town.

The first reference to informal European settlement in the colony occurred in 1638 when Belize was used as a hideout by the pirates of Scotland and England. In 1655, after the Jamaican occupation of Spain, the population of Britain increased with the increase of soldiers and sailors. This settlement, whose original activity was to cut the logwood (used to paint the logod in the past), was a disturbing date for the next date, 150 years. It was attacked several times by neighboring Spanish settlements (Spain claimed sovereignty over the whole new world, apart from South America assigned to Portugal).

The Honduras Almanac for 1826, the first officially authentic historical effort in Belize, states that the settlement was no more than 1650, when it was used as a refuge from the Spanish. However, in the 1829 Almanac, the first British settlement was made in 1638 by shipwrecked sailors.

In 1827, one of the Buccaneers was given to Lieutenant Captain Peter Wallace, who is said to have been nicknamed ‘Belize’, in Almanac to discover the mouth of the river Belize and make it his destination of retreat. But another theory is that the word Belize comes from the Maya word “balix” which means dirty water.

1839 The Almanacs gave the founder as Scots Courseur Chief Wallace, a resident of Falkland, Converseshire (Scotland), who, after being driven to Tortuga, leaned on a place called the Spaniards. “Wallis” called by his name. “Baileys”. GW Bridges, the “Encyclopedia of Jamaica”, reported in 1828 that Wallace, the notorious pirate and former governor of Tortuga, was the first Englishman to have lived on the river, which gave it his name. Its history is 1638, the year in which the Spaniards expelled the Buccaneers from Tortuga.

Bancroft’s “History of Central America” ​​gives Peter Wallace with 80 people as Belize River’s first settlers. And finally, Nobel laureate Miguel Angel Assouria, a Goethe historian, poet, dramatist, novelist and diplomat, said in 1925 that the settlement was founded by Wallace, before Sir Walter Rally’s first. There was a lieutenant and a right-hand man who, it is said,

arrived in Belize in 1617. However, the Austrians quoted Spanish officials as saying that Wallace had sailed from England to the United States with six ships on May 14, 1603, and that he believed that he had founded the settlement thereafter, as its leader. Left over. Captain Peter Wallace has been credited with exploring the mouth of the River Belize and making it his destination.

In Paris in 1763, Spain allowed British settlers to join the logwood industry. The British introduced slavery in Belize and imported thousands of slaves from Africa for cutting wood (which was then used for color extraction) and later mahogany. The mutual marriage between Europeans and their African slaves led to the birth of the modern-day crawls in Belize.

The Treaty of Paris In 1783 the Treaty of Paris ratified the boundary of logging, and later in 1786 the London Convention expanded. But the Spanish invasion continued until the settlers won. Subsequently, British control over this settlement was increased, and in 1871 British Honduras was officially declared a British colony.

The history of Modern Belize shows that the settlers self-governed under a system of basic democracy, officially called a public meeting. A set of rules, known as the Burnaby Code, was formalized in 1765 and continued, with some modifications, until 1840 when an executive council was formed.

In 1853 a public meeting was established by a legislative assembly (partially elected, and controlled by landlords) with the British superintendent, who in 1786 was appointed chairman at the request of the settlers. When the settlement became a colony in 1871, a lieutenant governor was appointed by the lieutenant governor in place of the governor of Jamaica.


The Wali Aghd Colony System of Government was introduced in 1871, and by its own vote a nominated Legislative Council replaced the Legislative Council with an official majority chaired by the Lieutenant Governor. The unofficial majority was formed in 1892, and this constitution, with minor changes, continued until 1935 when the electoral principle was once again introduced on the basis of the shortage of adults with low income eligibility. The administrative relationship with Jamaica was severed in 1884, when the lieutenant governor was renamed and appointed governor.

The constitutional progress came in 1954 with the elected majority in the Universal Adoption and Legislature, the ministerial system was adopted in 1961, which led to self-government in 1964.

The name of the country was changed from British Honduras to Belize on June 1, 1973. The independence of Belize took place on September 21, 1981, and a new constitution was introduced.

Guatemala maintains a territorial claim against Belize, which is restoring its rights as a former Spanish colony. On December 8, 2008, the two countries signed an agreement to present the case before the International Court of Justice. In both countries, a referendum was scheduled for 2016 (but not yet) that would decide to put the matter before the I.C.J. and hopefully reach a final resolution to the dispute.

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