Benin history

Benin history

Benin history is the succession of several kingdoms, the place of Dahomey, one of the medieval African states. The three most important kingdoms (created by the phone) were Alda, founded in the 16th century, before the fall of the Dahomey armies, the most powerful kingdom of Aijaland. The kingdom of Aboumi was founded in 1625 and the empire of Puerto Novo was probably established at the end of the 16th century, then called Adjaki then Hogbono.

1650: The British build a fort at Oidah (Vulda).

1664: The first Christian mission of Judah (Odeda) was founded by Breton Capuchins.

1704: France gets permission to build a port in Ouedah

1752: The Portuguese migrate to Hogno and establish Puerto Novo, the “New Port” built as a port for the thriving slave trade.

1863: Located in Lagos, Nigeria, Port is established with the first French defense office, Porto Novo, to support the claims of the King of Abomoy and the British invasion. That same year, the king of Abomey, Galei, allowed the French to settle in Cotonou.

1882: The ruler of the state of Porto Novo signs a new agreement with the guards of France.

1885 – 1887 Portugal declares protection against Dahomey (no effect)

1889: In the war against the French, King Balazan (condo, shark), son of Shah Gul and the last independent ruler of Abomy, were defeated.

1892: France declares a guard over the whole empire. Dahomey won in a campaign that lasted from 1892 to 1894.

1894: Dahomey becomes colonial after the surrender of the King of Abomoy by France. France established “the colony of Dahomey and its dependence. Shah Behanzin was deported to Martinique.”

1904: Dahomey joins French West Africa (in French: Afrique occidentale française, AOF, Federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (current Mali), French Guiana (now Guyana), C )te d’Ivoire) ‘Ivory (Ivory Coast), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.)

1946: Dahomey becomes an overseas territory of France.

On December 4, 1958, the Republic was declared, and on August 1, 1960, the Dahomey became an independent state and entered the United Nations. The election was won by the party domain DL Unit. Party leader Hubert Maga becomes the country’s first president.

1963: Dahomey witnesses a period of political instability that resulted in the revolt of six rebellions between 1963 and 1972, when Major Matthew Carrico took office.

1975: Dahomey is renamed as the People’s Republic of Benin. (In French: Rupbolik Populari du Bonan; RPB) by the military government led by Major Matthew Carrico.

In December 1989, 17 years after Marxism-Leninism, Marxist President Carrico announced the abandonment of Marxism-Leninism under the pressure of the road.
1990: The country becomes the Republic of Benin

1991: In the first multi-candidate presidential election, President Carrick was defeated by Nesfur Soglu. Nikifor Soglu was elected president of the republic with more than 67% of the vote.

1996: Following allegations of irregularities in the elections, holding a presidential election, the Constitutional Court has declared that Carico has received the majority of the correct cast votes.

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