History Botswana is predominantly populated by people of Savannah (collectively called “Botswana”) whose recorded history can be traced back to the fourteenth century. They are said to be the descendants of King Mughal who lived in the present-day Maglisburg mountains in the province of Goteng, South Africa. They emigrated to the north for various times and for various reasons, and established themselves in what was then a relatively unspoiled area.
Towards the turn of the 19th century, there were at least eight ethnic chefdoms living in the area known as Botswana, whose people shared common language and history, who were in relative peace. ۔
During this time, Britain was consolidating
its military and economic power as a major colonial power in South Africa. At the same time, the Dutch called themselves Afrikaners (Boers), and the German settlers in Namibia (then Southwestern Africa) were pushing more and more of Baltswana’s land north and west, respectively.
In 1870, three Dacoguesi (Botswana traditional leaders) represented the British government about the danger of annexation of their territory by the Dutch and German settlers. With the strong support of some local British organizations and individuals, the conservation lobby was successful in 1885, resulting in the Beechlandland Protectorate.
After 80 years as a British patron, Bechuanaland took over the government in 1965, became the independent Republic of Botswana on September 30, 1966 and has maintained a place of stability and harmony ever since. Sir Sirits Khama was elected the first president and served until his death in 1980.
Since independence, Botswana has maintained a thriving democracy, a clean government, a right-wing judiciary, peace and stability and a well-organized economy.
The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) has been in power since the first democratic elections in 1966, and has continued to receive support from a wide range of Botswana populations. Mr. Ketomile Messier served as Botswana’s second president, taking over from Sir Ceci Khamma in late 1980 and continuing the tradition of good governance. He retired voluntarily in 1998, and took over after Mr Festus Moga. Mr Mogai handed over his second term to current President Ian Khama in 2008.