Cambodia history

Cambodia history

History of important events
1863 – Cambodia becomes the guardian country of France. The French colonial rule continued for 90 years.

1941 – Prince Noordom Sihanouk becomes king. Japan occupied Cambodia during World War II.

1945 – Japanese occupation ends.

1946 – France re-enacts its defensive life. A new constitution allows Cambodians to form political parties. Communist guerrillas are launching armed campaigns against the French.

freedom
1953 – Cambodia wins its independence from France Under King Sihanouk, it became the kingdom of Cambodia.

1955 – Sihanouk ceases to pursue a political career. His father became king and Sihon became prime minister.

1960 – Sihanouk’s father passes away, Sihanouk becomes head of state.

1965 – Sihonk severed ties with the United States and allowed northern Vietnam’s guerrillas to build bases in Cambodia as part of their campaign against a US-backed government in southern Vietnam.

1969 – The United States launches a covert bombing campaign against North Vietnamese forces on the Cambodian soil.

1970 – Prime Minister Lon Nol overthrows Sehnyok in rebellion. He declares the Khmer Republic and sends an army to fight the North Vietnamese in Cambodia. Sehunok – upon exile in China – forms a guerrilla movement. In the next few years, the Cambodian army lost its territory against the North Vietnamese and Communist Khmer Rouge guerrillas.

Cambodia Year Zero
1975 – Lone Knoll is overthrown when Kamar Rouge occupies Poolpot. Sihanouk briefly became head of state, the country was named Kampuchea.

All the citizens have become agricultural workers by forcibly moving the residents to the countryside. Money is wasted, basic freedoms are diminished and religion is banned. The phrase “year zero” in the Khmer Rouge.

Millions of educated middle class are tortured and executed in specialized centers. Others die of hunger, or die of illness or fatigue. The total number of casualties is estimated to be at least 1.7 million over the next three years.

1976 – The country is renamed Democratic Camposia. Sihanouk resigned, Khoyo became the head of the symphony state, Pol Pot is the prime minister.

1977 – Fighting breaks out in Vietnam.

1978 – Vietnamese forces attack by lightning.

1979 January. The Vietnamese took the name. Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge forces fled to the border area of ​​Thailand.

The People’s Republic Campus is established. Many elements of life have been restored before occupying the loins.

1981 – Vietnamese pro-Communist People’s Revolutionary Party wins parliamentary elections The international community refuses to recognize the new government.

The deportation regime, which includes Khmer Rouge and Sihanouk, retains its seat in the United Nations.

1985 – Hun Sen becomes prime minister. Cambodia is suffering from guerrilla warfare. Millions became refugees.

1989 – Vietnamese army withdraws. Hun Sen tries to attract foreign investment by abandoning socialism. The country has been renamed State Cambodia. Buddhism has been re-established as a religion.

An uneasy peace
1991 – A peace treaty is reached in Paris. A UN interim authority temporarily acquires power with representatives of different factions in Cambodia. Sihanouk became head of state.

1993 – Hun Sen’s Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) wins the most seats in the General Election, followed by the Royal Finstenpack Party.

The three-party alliance has been formed with Finnepick’s Prince Nurudom Ranardh, the prime minister and Hun Sen’s deputy prime minister.

The kingdom is restored, Sihanouk becomes king again. The name of this country is the name of the Kingdom of the Kingdom. The deportation government has lost its seat in the United Nations.

1994 – Thousands of waistline guerrillas surrender to government amnesty.

1996 – Ayeong Sari, a deputy leader of the Khmer Rouge, formed a new party, and Sihonk apologized.

Rebellion


1997 – Hun Sen rebels against the Prime Minister, Prince Ranardh, and replaces Won Hut. The uprising attracts international condemnation. Wafer Rouge brought Paul Pot to trial and sentenced him to life imprisonment.

1998 – Prince Rnyard is tried in the absence and found guilty of arms trafficking, but was later forgiven by the king.

1998 April. Paul Potts dies in a forest hideout.

July 1998 – Harkin’s CPP wins allegations of harassing elections A coalition has been formed between CPP and Finkepick. Hun Sen becomes prime minister, Ronardh is the president of the National Assembly.

2001 – Tribunal establishes a law to bring charges of genocide against Khmer Rouge leaders. International donors pledged $ 560m in support of reform efforts

June 2001 – Members of the United States-based Cambodian Freedom Fighters (CFF) are convicted of a 2000 attack on Phnom Penh. The group has pledged to continue its campaign to oust Hun Sen.

2001 December – The first bridge across the Mekong River opens, connecting East and West Cambodia.

2002 – First multi-party local elections. The ruling Cambodian People’s Party won all but 23 of the 1,620 communities. Rinardh’s half-brother Prince Noorodom Chakrapong formed his own Noordom Chakrapong Khmer Civil Party.

2003 – Serious diplomatic anger over comments attributed to a Thai TV star that was stolen from the Angoor Wat Temple Complex in Thailand. The mob attacked the Thai embassy in Phnom Penh. Hun Sen’s Cambodian People’s Party wins the general election but fails to get a majority to govern alone.

Hun Sen is re-elected
2004 – After almost a year of political stagnation, Prime Minister Hun Sen is re-elected after the CPP’s agreement with the Imperial Finpec Party. Parliament confirms the entry of the monarch into the World Trade Organization (WTO). Shah Sehnok was abandoned and was succeeded by his son Nurodum Sihamoni.

February 2005 – After opposition leader Sam Renee’s dismissal of prosecution by Parliament, he goes abroad, leaving him free for allegations of defamation brought by the ruling coalition.

2005 April – The tribunal receives a green light from the United Nations after years of debate over funding to try Khmer Rouge leaders.

December 2005 – Renee is sentenced to absence for defaming Hun Sen and sentenced to 18 months in prison.

February 2006. Rain received a royal pardon and returned home.

May 2006. Parliament voted in favor of abolishing prison terms on charges of contempt.

July 2006. Ta Mok, one of the top leaders of the Khmer Rouge government, died at the age of 80.

November 2006 – Finnpeck Party, a junior partner of the ruling coalition, nominates Prince Norodom Runardh as its leader.

Yeast Rouge Trials
March 2007. Rnyardh was sentenced to 18 months in absentia on charges of selling the office of the president of the Finnpark party.

July 2007. UN-backed tribunals have begun questioning Khmer Rouge suspects over genocide allegations.

September 2007 – The most senior survivor of Waverly Rouge, Nunn Chi – “Brother No. Two” was arrested and charged with crimes against humanity.

April 2008 – US court convicts CFF leader Chon Yasit for masterminding the 2000 attack on Phnom Penh.

July 2008. Hun Sen’s ruling CPP has claimed victory in the parliamentary elections, which has been criticized by EU monitors. Cambodia and Thailand both moved troops to the disputed land near the Praia Whayar Temple following a decision by the United Nations to list the sentiments of fans at the World Heritage Site.

October 2008 – Two Cambodian soldiers are killed in a shootout with the Thai army in a disputed area. Thai soldiers were killed after their wounds.

New difference with Thailand
2009 – Former Khmer Rouge leader King Goek Eva, known as Duke, is facing trial for murdering and torturing thousands of people as head of the infamous Toll Sullivan prison camp.

Parliament removes opposition leader Sam Rainsey again He is charged but fails to appear in court.

Another row with Thailand, after Cambodia was rejected by Thaksin Shinawatra, the former prime minister of Thailand, and instead appointed as economic adviser.

2010 – Comrade Dutch is convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to 35 years in prison.

Diplomatic relations with Thailand resumed after the Cambodian government announced the resignation of Thaksin Shinawatra.

Cambodia, the exiled opposition leader, has been sentenced by Cambodia to 10 years in absentia after being found guilty of map manipulation for suggesting losing the land to Vietnam.

2011 – Tensions escalate as Cambodia accuses two Thai citizens of spying for crossing a disputed border. Official forces exchanged gunfire across the border. Hun Sen calls for UN peacekeepers

Three highly senior members of the Khurram Rouge survivor, including leader Paul Potts’ right-hand man, “Brother No. Two” Neon Chi, are facing trial on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity.

Cambodia and Thailand agree to withdraw troops from disputed territory.

February 2012. The Dutch lost their appeal against the conviction in a UN-backed tribunal and its sentence has increased significantly.

March 2012. The second judge was released from the tribunal. Swiss Judge Laurent Kasper Ansmett says it was because his Cambodian counterpart Yu Bunling had foiled attempts by some former members of the Khmer Rouge government to investigate.

April 2012 – Contaminated environmental activist Chitwati was shot dead in a collision with police while traveling in a jungle hazard in the southwest.

May 2012. The government suspended land clearance for development by private companies to prevent evacuation and illegal logging.

Border tension decreases
July 2012. Cambodia and Thailand withdraw their troops from the disputed border area near the Preah Waiyar Temple, in line with the International Court of Justice’s decision, which aims to prevent the spread of armed conflict in recent years.

October 2012 – Former King Noordhum Sihanouk died of a heart attack. He was 89 years old.

November 2012 – Government approves controversial Lower Sissan 2 hydroelectric dam project on a Mekong blue.

Thousands of people attended Phnom Penh for the funeral of former King Norodom Sihanouk on February 2013.

March 2013 – Former Khmer Foreign Minister Ainge Sari dies while awaiting trial for the massacre, in which only Naveen Chi and Khiev Symphon are alive and prominent among the prominent Khmer Rouge figures and a UN-backed tribunal. Arrested.

June 2013 The parliament passed a bill that declared it illegal to deny that the Khmer Rouge victims were persecuted in the 1970s.

July 2013. Opposition leader Sam Rainsey returns from exile

Parliamentary elections Prime Minister Hun Sen’s ruling party claimed victory, with the opposition widely accused of irregularities.

September 2013 – Massive protests over naming of election results Parliament approved a new five-year term for Hun Sen. The opposition boycotted the opening of Parliament.

January 2014 – Conflict police clean up a two-week opposition protest camp in Phnom Penh as part of a long-running campaign against the government following the controversial 2013 elections.

2014 July 150 150 150, 000ulate, than. More than C, a Cambodian activist, returned home after circulating rumors from neighboring Thailand that the new military junta would take action against illegal immigrants.

The opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) has agreed to end its annual boycott of parliament as part of a deal to break the deadlock over the 2013 controversial parliamentary elections with Prime Minister Hun Sen.

August 2014. A UN-backed court in Cambodia sentenced two senior Khmer Rouge leaders to life imprisonment for their role in the spread of terror in the country in the 1970s. Commander Two, Second In Command Nun Cheah, and former head of state Khyiv Samphan, are the first high-ranking Khurram Rouge figures to be jailed.

January 2015. Prime Minister Hun Sen has been in power for 30 years.

March 2015. A UN-backed tribunal in Cambodia has accused two former Khmer Rouge commanders, IM Chiam and Maith Muth, of crimes against humanity.

July 2016. Kim Lee, a political commentator and prime minister of Prime Minister Hun Sen, was shot dead in the capital Naom Penh.

September 2016 – Prime Minister Hun Sen announces a political “ceasefire” following a wave of litigation against opposition members ahead of elections in 2018.

October 2016 – Opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP) boycotts its monthly parliament over alleged threats by the ruling party.

November 2016 – A UN-backed tribunal upholds his life imprisonment after appealing against former Khmer Rouge leaders Nawun Cheah and Khiev Symphon. For crimes against humanity

December 2016 – Exiled opposition leader Sam Renci is sentenced to five years in prison after a document was published on his Facebook page, which the government says is fraudulent. Mr Rancy was accused of posting a false post about a border agreement between Cambodia and Vietnam.

February 2017. Sam Rainsey has resigned as head of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP). He has been in self-imposed exile since 2005, when Parliament deprived him of immunity.

Parliament has amended a law that prohibits any person from participating in the election of his position to commit a crime. As a result of the legislation, prominent opposition politician Sam Rainsey has been banned from participating in politics after being accused of defamation.

March 2017. Human rights activist Kim Sokha has been appointed the new leader of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), replacing Sam Rainy.

September 2017. Opposition leader Kim Sokha has been charged with treason.

November 2017. Supreme Court dissolves Cambodia National Rescue Party, the country’s only significant opposition party.

February 2018 – Cambodia introduces the Leisure Magistrate law, which makes it a criminal offense to discredit or humiliate the king.

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