Cameroon history and culture
Cameroon history and culture The earliest inhabitants of Cameroon were probably Baxi or Pimici. They are still in the forests of the southern and eastern provinces. The first groups to emerge before the second invaders in
cluded the Bantu speakers, who began in the mountainous areas of Cameroon. Between the late 1770s and the early 1800s, Fulani, a pastoral Islamic people on the West Coast, conquered much of northern Cameroon, and deported or displaced most of its non-Muslim residents. done.
The arrival of the Europeans
Although the Portuguese arrived on the coast of Cameroon in the 1500 s, malaria prevented significant European settlement and conquest of the interior until the late 1870 s, when a large supply of quinine suppressing malaria was available.
The early European presence in Cameroon was primarily devoted to coastal trade and slavery. The northern part of Cameroon was an important part of the Muslim slave trade network. In the mid-19th century, slave trade was largely suppressed. Christian missions established a presence in the late nineteenth century and continued to play a role in Cameron’s life.
From German Colony to League of Nation Mandates
Beginning in 1884, all present-day Cameroons and parts of several neighboring countries became the German colony of Cameroon, the capital of which was first widowed and later in the yard. After the First World War, this colony was divided between Britain and France on June 28,
1919, under the mandate of the League of Nations. France gained more of the geographical area, shifted the outskirts to neighboring French colonies, and the rest of the area ruled Yunde. From Lagos to the territory of Britain a strip of Nigeria, comprising an equal population from the sea to the Chad.
Struggle for Independence
In 1955, the banned Union of the People’s Commons (UPC), which was largely comprised of the Bamalek and 12 ethnic groups, began an armed struggle for independence in French Cameroon. This uprising continued with a decreasing intensity, even after independence. Estimates of death from this conflict vary from tens of thousands to millions.
French Cameroon gained independence in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year, a large number of Muslim northern thirds of British Britons voted to join Nigeria. Largely the Christian Southern Third voted in favor of joining the Republic of Cameroon to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In the first French and British territories, everyone maintained considerable independence.
A one-party state Cameroon history
Ahmadou Ahidjo, a French educated Fulani, was elected president of the Federation in 1961. Ahadjo, who relied on a wide range of internal security apparatuses, had all political parties outlawed, but in 1966, his own party was banned. Leader in 1970. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a single state.
Road to multiparty democracy Cameroon history
Ahadjo resigned from the office of president in 1982 and was constitutionally succeeded by his prime minister, Paul Biya Cameroon history
, who was the caretaker of the Blue-Betty ethnic group. Ahadjo later regretted the selection of his successors, but his supporters failed to oust Bia in the 1984 uprising. Paul Biya won single-
candidate elections in 1984 and 1988 and won multi-faceted elections in 1992 and 1997. His Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement (CPDM) won a remarkable majority in the legislature after the 2002 election – a total of 149 of the 180 deputies.