Central African Republic history

Central African Republic history

Central African Republic history of important events 1880 s – France annexes the area
1894 – France establishes a monopoly in the area known as the Yubangi Chari and divides it into commercial concessions.

1910 – The Yubangi Chari becomes part of the Federation of French Equatorial Africa.

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1920-30 – Native African residents staged violent protests against privileged abuses.

1946 – The area is given its own assembly and representation in the French Parliament. The founder of the Freedom Social Evolution Movement of Black Africa (MESAN), Barthelemy Boganda has become the first Central African elected to the French parliament.

1957 – Maison wins control of regional assembly Boganda becomes president of the Grand Council of French Equatorial Africa.

freedom
1958 – The region gains self-government in French Equatorial Africa as Prime Minister of Boganda.

1959 – Boganda’s death.

1960 – Central African Republic becomes independent with Boganda’s nephew David Deco after becoming president.

1962 – Deco transforms the Central African Republic into a one-party state, which includes MESAN as a single party.

1964 – Deco confirms as president in the elections in which he is the only candidate.

Bokasa period

1965 – Deco is ousted by army commander Jan Bedel Bukasa, when the country is in danger of bankruptcy and nationwide strike.

1972 – Bokasa declares himself president of history.

1976 – Bukasa declares himself Emperor and renames the country “Central African Empire”.

1979 – Bokasa expelled after mass protests in a coup led by David Deco, and in support of French troops, in which several schoolchildren were arrested and massacred. had gone.

1981 – Deco deposed in rebellion led by army commander Andrei Colingba.

1984 – Announces general amnesty for all political party leaders.

1986 – Boccas returns to CAR after being deported to France.

1988 – Bukasa is sentenced to death for murder and embezzlement, but his sentence has changed to life imprisonment.

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Party ban lifted
1991 – Permission to form political parties.

October 1992. There were multi-faceted presidential and parliamentary elections in which Collingba came in last, but the Supreme Court has canceled them due to widespread irregularities.

1993 – Angie Felix Patsy defeats Kolingba and Deco in an election to become president, ending a 12-year military rule. Kolingba released thousands of political prisoners, including Bokasa, before resigning as president.

May 1996. Soldiers revolted in Bangui, the capital, on unpaid wages.

November 1997 – Troops begin further uprising.

1997 – France withdraws its troops from the republic African peacekeepers replace French troops.

1999 – Patsy is re-elected; his closest rival, former president Kolingba, gets 19 percent of the vote.

December 2000 – Government employees strike a general strike on back pay. The rally was triggered by opposition groups accusing President Patsy of mismanagement and corruption.

Rebellion bid
2001 May At least 59 people were killed in a failed attempt to revolt former President André Collingba. President Patsy suppresses the effort with Libyan and Chadian forces and Congolese rebels

2001 November – Troops try to arrest the dismissed Army Chief of Staff, General Francois Boyz, who is accused of involvement in the May coup attempt. Thousands of people fled in the battle between the government forces and the army of Boise.

February 2002. Former Defense Secretary Jean-Jacques Demafoot appeared in a Bangui court to answer charges related to the May 2001 coup attempt.

October 2002 – Libya-backed forces help thwart the ousted army chief Gen. Boziz’s loyalist efforts to oust President Patsy.

The Patsies were expelled
March 2003. Rebel leader Francois Boyz detained Bangui, elected himself president, and dissolved parliament. President Angel Felix Patsy is currently out of the country. Within weeks, an interim government is formed.

December 2004 – New constitution is approved in referendum.

May 2005. Francois Boyz was named the winner of the presidential election after a runout.

August 2005. In the capital Bangui, floods displaced 20,000 people.

After June 2005 – Thousands flee lawlessness in southwestern CAR for South Chad. Aid organizations appealed for help in dealing with a “forgotten emergency.”

June 2006. The UN says a rebel attack on an army camp in the north has killed 33 people.
August 2006. Former exiled president Angela Felix Patsy was sentenced to absenteeism, fraud and 20 years of hard labor.

October 2006 – Rebels occupy a northeast town of Berau. President Boyz’s trip abroad was cut short.

December 2006 – French fighter jets fire at rebel bases as part of support for government troops trying to regain control of areas in the northeast.

February 2007 – The rebel People’s Democratic Front, headed by Abdul Miskin, signs a peace deal with President Boyz in Libya and urges the militants to surrender.

May 2007. The International Criminal Court says it is investigating alleged war crimes in 2002 and 2003 following a failed coup against Angel Felix Patsy.

September 2007 – The UN Security Council authorizes a peacekeeping force to protect civilians from neighboring Sudan from Darfur.

January 2008. Government employees and teachers protested for several months for non-payment of salaries.

One day before Prime Minister Eli Duterte and his cabinet resign, Parliament was to discuss a censorship movement against them.

President Boyz nominated Fasten-Archange Tweedra, an educationist with no previous background in politics, to replace Mr. Dot.

February 2008 – Uganda Lords Resistance Army raids raid car

Peace process
June 2008 – Two of the three main insurgent groups – the Union of Democratic Forces for Alliance (UFDR) and the Popular Army for Rehabilitation Democracy (APRD) – sign a peace agreement with the government that allows non-rebel fighters Provided for the elimination and elimination of weapons.

September 2008 – Parliament adopts a general amnesty law, seen as the last stop for a successful end to peace talks between rebels and the government.

December 2008 – The government intends to form a government unanimously in a rebel peace agreement and elections in March 2010.

January 2009 – National Unity Government’s veil. Leaders of two major insurgent groups are also included. The central opposition UVNF called the changes in the cabinet inadequate.

February 2009 – Ugandan LRA rebels enter CAR

March 2009 – French troops are reportedly stationed in Bangui after infiltrating the rebel capital.

April 2009 – Skirmishes between government and rebels continue. The UN Security Council agrees to set up a UN peacekeeping office for the CAR to address ongoing insecurity.

July 2009. After the passage of the new electoral law, Parliament established a new election commission.

September 2009 – The Ugandan army confirms that it is chasing LRA rebels in CAR.
August 2009 – UN report says civil unrest in CAR has affected more than one million people.

October 2009 / November – Former President Angel Felix Patsy returns from exile, hinting that he may take over as president in 2010.

February 2010 – Rights groups, opposition and France appeal to prove claims – officials deny – Rebel leader Charles Massey was tortured in state custody.

President Boyz says the elections will take place on April 25. The history of the opposition will be rejected, voted for fear.

April 2010. Postpone elections. Parliament extended President Boyz’s term until elections could be held.

May 2010 – The UN Security Council voted in favor of withdrawing the UN troops from Chad and the Central African Republic, deployed to protect displaced Chadis and refugees from Darfur, Sudan.

July 2010. The rebels attacked the northern town of Berau.

2010 September – Voter registration for the January 2011 presidential, parliamentary elections begins.

October 2010 – Four countries agree to form a joint military force to track insurgents in four violence-hit countries.

November 2010 – Former DR Congo Vice President Jean-Pierre Barba is being sued in an International Criminal Court alleging that he allowed his army to rape and murder in the Central African Republic between 2002 and 2003. ۔

December 2010 – 50th Independence Day. Former self-styled Emperor Jean-Bedel Bocas has been officially resettled.

January 2011. Presidential and parliamentary elections. Mr. Boyz won another term.

April 2011 – Former President Angel Felix Patsy is 74 years old.

December 2011 – The charity of the Madison Suns Frontiers (MSF) warns that the central country is in a chronic medical emergency due to pandemic diseases, conflict, economic misery and poor health systems.

March 2012. The African Union deployed a troop to search for Ugandan fighter Joseph Connie, believed to be in the Central African Republic.

August 2012. The last historic armed group – the Patriot for Justice and Peace (CPJP) – signed the peace agreement.

Boyz expelled
November 2012. The new Seleka rebel alliance quickly defeated the north and the center of the country.

March 2013 The Seleka rebels seized the capital and seized power. President Boyz escaped. Rebel leader Michel Jotodia suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament in a global uprising.

August 2013. Rebellion leader Michel Jotodia took oath as president.

The UN Security Council warned that CAR is a threat to regional stability. UN chief Ban Ki-moon says the car suffered a “complete loss of law and order”.

September 2013. Jotodia dissolved the silica alliance. Fighters are criticized for failing to control them.

October 2013 – The UN Security Council approves the deployment of the UN peacekeeping force. This will help the African Union troops already in the ground and French troops controlling the airport.

November 2013 – US Central African Republic official expresses skepticism

December 2013 – Unrest continues in the country and rivals Muslim and Christian militants are accused of killing hundreds of people, France has deployed 1,600 to deploy its army to clear militants.

January 2014 – Interim President Michel Jotodia resigns over criticism that he has failed to stop sectarian violence. Catherine Simba Panza took over as interim leader.

April 2014 – A UN Security Council authorizes a peacekeeping force of 12,000 troops.

May 2014 – French and Estonian troops take over security responsibility at the airport in Bangui under the EU mandate from the previous French military.

July 2014. Muslim Seleka rebel and Christian “anti-Balaka” guardian forces agree to a temporary ceasefire during talks in Brazzaville.

August 2014 – Muslim politician Mehmet Kamon is given the responsibility of leading the interim government.

September 2014 – The United Nations officially assumes power and promotes the African Union’s peace mission, named Manuka. The European Union’s French mission stands in its place.

January 2015. The CAR government rejected a ceasefire agreement between two militia groups in Kenya that aims to end the conflict for more than a year, saying it was not involved in the talks.

UN blames Christian militia for ethnic cleansing

European Union research reveals how silica was provided to fighters illegally in China and Iran.

February 2015. UN says increasing violence in the Central African Republic has forced thousands of people to flee homes since the beginning of the year to avoid being killed, raped and tortured by militias.

May 2015. Prosecutors in France launch a criminal investigation into alleged child abuse by French soldiers.

September 2015. After a Muslim taxi driver’s attack, sectarian clashes erupted in Bangui.

November 2015. Pope visits, demands peace among Muslims, Christians

December 2015 – New constitution approved in referendum. Parliamentary and presidential elections pass peacefully. , But the Constitutional Court dismissed the results of parliamentary elections, citing irregularities.

2016 Feb – Fasten – Archangel Towda wins presidential election in run-off

June 2016 – International Criminal Court sentenced former Congolese rebel leader Jean-Pierre Bereba to 18 years in prison for his Malaysia’s misconduct in CAR between 2002 and 2003.

July 2016 – Reports of Lord’s Resistance Army abduction reportedly increase CAR

April 2017. Uganda withdrew its troops from the Central African Republic where it had been fighting the Lord’s Resistance Army for five years.

May 2017. The rise in violence was described as part of the withdrawal of foreign troops.

Several UN peacekeepers were killed in several attacks, including a base and a convoy.

July 2017. Many aid agencies have withdrawn due to violence, saying they are leaving tens of thousands without help.

September 2017 – The UN Refugee Agency says since the onset of the ongoing crisis in 2013, violence has been the most likely homelessness. More than 1 million people have left their homes.

November 2017 – The UN Security Council extends the mandate of the peace mission MINUSCA for one more year and increases its volume to about 13 13,000 soldiers and police.

January 2018 – The International Committee of the Red Cross has warned that the situation in the country is getting worse, with half the population needing humanitarian assistance.

June 2018 – The International Criminal Court dismisses former Congressman Jean Pierre Bemba’s war crimes conviction in CAR.

July 2018 – Three Russian journalists are killed while working on a documentary about Wagner, a rented rental company based in the Kremlin.

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