Costa Rica History and Culture
Costa Rica History and Culture The first European explorer to face Costa Rica was Christopher Columbus, the Great Navigator himself. The day was September 18, 1502, and Columbus was making its fourth and final trip to the New World. When he was anchoring off the coast,
A crowd of local Caribbean Indians set up pads in the canoe and received a warm welcome from the staff. Later, the residents of the region wore golden bands that wore on their noses and ears to impress Spaniard Gil Gonzیزlez Douilla for naming the country Costa Rica or the
Archaeologists know that civilization existed in Costa Rica for thousands of years before Columbus’s arrival, and evidence of human occupation in the region dates back to 10,000 years. The area’s pre-Columbian residents have left behind cultural norms
They are thousands of perfect spherical granite bowls found near the West Coast The sizes of these indispensable residences range from a baseball to a Volkswagen bus.
The ruins of a large, ancient city full of climates have recently, been found east of San Jose, and some amazingly sophisticated gold and jade work continues in the southwest a thousand years ago.
Some of the archaeological sites of the Central and Nico Islands of the island have proved the influence of the Mexican Olympic and Nahuatl civilizations.
At the time of Columbus’s arrival, Costa Rica had four large indigenous tribes. The east coast was in the Caribbean, while the Burkas, Chubachs and Dukes were in the southwest. Only a few million strong to begin with, none of them could last long after the dawn of Spanish colonization. Some escaped,
While many others were killed by the smallpox brought by the Spaniards After the abolition of the indigenous labor force, the Spanish adopted a common policy and brought African slaves to work on the land. Today, their seventy thousand generations are based in Costa Rica,
And the country is known for its good relations between the races Sadly, only 1 percent of Costa Rica’s 3 million people are Indigenous. 98% of the country is white, and people of Spanish descent call themselves tacos.
Of all the Spanish colonies, Costa Rica enjoyed the least influence as a colony. Initially it was a difficult and unpopular place with few valuable or easily exploitable resources. The Spanish were far more interested in developing their ownership in Mexico and Peru,
Where large quantities of silver and gold’ were being procured. Early settlers who arrived in Costa Rica were largely left to their own devices, and the first successful settlement of the colonial city did not occur until 1562, when the young’ Vasquez de Coronado founded Cartago.
When Mexico revolted against Spain in 1821, Costa Rica and the rest of Central America followed suit. Two years later, a group from Costa Rica even chose to be part of Mexico,
Civil war begins in the center of the country between four neighboring cities. The sovereignty was established after the Republic of San Jose and Aljuela defeated Mexico’s supporters Herdia and Cartago.
The first head of state was Johann Mora Fernandes, who was elected in 1824 Best remembered for his groundbreaking reforms, Fernandes followed a progressive course but inadvertently created an elite class of powerful coffee barons.
Beers later overthrew the country’s first president, Jose Maria Castro, who succeeded John Rafael Mora. It was under Mora’s leadership that Costa Rican volunteers succeeded in repelling the conqueror of North America’s William Walker.
Walker was a disappointing Southerner, who believed that the United States should be incorporated into Central America and turn it into a slave state. He was crazy,
Dangerous instead of charming. Walker first attacked Mexico where he was captured and then released back into the States, with a troop of about 50 people. Not to be discouraged, he then attacked Panama
Where he briefly gained control before being forced to flee Costa Rica entered. After defeating his bid for authoritarian rule there by Maura’s forces,
the invincible walker turned his attention to Honduras. Honders unlike his predecessors on Walker’s List, was arrested, and Walker was eventually and briefly hanged.
Military rule in Costa Rica has occasionally shaved its head, though it has not identified violent extremism anywhere in Central America. In 1870, when General Thomas Guardia took control of the government, he made some progressive reforms in the country in terms of education, military policy and taxation.
The Costa Rican civil war began in 1948, with the incoming Dr. Rafael Angel Calderon and the United Social Christian Party refusing to step down after losing the presidential election.
Fugitive Ferris, an exile named Jose Maria (Don Pepe), managed to defeat Calderونn in about a month, and later as head of the junta, the founder of the Second Republic of Costa Rica, one of Costa Rica’s most influential leaders. Proved to be one of them.
Under Ferrer’s leadership, Zunta made extensive policy and civil rights reforms. Women and blacks got votes’ Communist party was banned, banks were nationalized.
And establish the boundaries of the presidential term. Farrar was very popular, creating a political legacy that solidified Costa Rica’s liberal democratic values.
In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Irias Sanchez, gained international recognition when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the Work on the Elimination of Nicaraguan Civil War. During the conflict, both Sandanastas and Contras established military bases in the northern area of Costa Rica,
And Ariz was chosen under the promise, that he would work to end the situation. He was able to sign five peacemakers in Central America on his peace plan, and Nicaragua is now relatively stable.