Denmark history and culture

Denmark history and culture

Denmark history and culture Denmark is one of the oldest states, in Europe and one of the oldest in the world. The current King, Queen Margaret II – who retired in April 1972 – may also refer to Europe’s oldest ancestry, dating to the beginning, of 900 AD and the Viking King war. Queen Denis and the meeting alike are very famous. During the big royal festivals, thousands of people gather in the square in front of the Amalwenburg, Castle and celebrate the Queen and her family.

The Danish language belongs to the northern branch of the German-speaking group, and is similar to the Scandinavian language. Famous Danish writers include Hans Christian Anderson, whose fairy tales have been translated, into more languages ​​than any other book except the Bible. Theologian and philosopher Seren Kerkyard, the forerunner of modern existence. And Karen Blackson, who wrote “Out of Africa” ​​and “Babette’s Invitation”

From the Vikings to Lutheranism

Denmark’s place in European history began, in the days of the Vikings, about 800 CE, when Danny became notorious for looting churches and monasteries. By 878 Dennis had conquered northern and eastern England, and by the 11th century King Connaught (1014-35) ruled over a vast state, which included present-day Denmark, England, Norway, southern Sweden and parts of Finland. Were included. Christianity was introduced in Denmark in 666 and spread widely during the reign of the County. After his death, the kingdom of Kenyat collapsed

During the 13th century, Waldemar II (1202-41).conquered the present Schleswig-Holstein, Pomerania, Mecklenburg and Estonia and re-established the nation as a great power in Northern Europe. However, later, everyone unanimously started a civil war between the nobles and the king to take over the country. Christopher II (1320-32) was forced to give great privileges to the nobles and clergy at the expense of royal power,

which was abolished by the influence of the German merchants of the Hanseatic Lodge. Waldemar IV (१4040 — 75) succeeded in restoring, the royal authority, however, and his daughter Margaret I (१878787–141212) formed the Clummer Union, which included Denmark, Norway, Sweden, the Faroe Islands, Ice. Land, Greenland and Finland. General Chat Chat Lounge Sweden and Finland rebelled in 1520, ending in 1523, but the union continued until 1814.

The House of Oldenburg was founded in 1448 as a Christian II. During the reign of Christian (1534-59), reforms spread to the country, resulting in abandoned churches and civil war. The war ended with the abolition of the ever-powerful, Catholic Church in 1536 and the establishment of a national Lutheran church led by the King.

The path of the Republic, the war with Sweden, allied to Napoleon
King Christian IV ruled until the first half of the 17th century and led his concession in a devastating thirty-year war with Sweden and destroyed tremendous wealth. In the process, Denmark wasted both its territory and money, and a look at the king. The successor of Christians, King Frederick did more harm to Sweden than decades later.

The series of wars with Sweden resulted in regional losses but the Great Northern War (1700-21) made some restoration of Danish power in the Baltic. The 18th century was otherwise an era of internal reforms, which included the abolition of surfdom and land reform.
Following the British invasion of Copenhagen, in 181 and 1807, Denmark, which supported Napoleon France, was forced to take Norway to Sweden and Helgo Land to England.

In 1848, the Schleswig-Holstein revolt ended, with no conqueror, but in 1864, Schleswig-Holstein and Launberg were defeated in a new war with Prussia. Despite these major regional disadvantages, Denmark became economically prosperous in the 19th century and further improved. In 1849, King Frederick VIII (1848-63) authorized, a new constitution, with a representative form of government, as well as the establishment of widespread social and educational reforms.

Denmark and Germany, more social reforms

Denmark’s relations with its southern neighbors, especially Pr Prussia, have played a decisive role in constitutional developments. Following the defeat of Prussia in 1866, a new constitution was adopted in 1866 for the dramatically reduced area of ​​Denmark. The Constitution of 1866 almost contained strict limits on universal universal exploitation, which the Constitution of 1849 recognized.Denmark history and culture

In 1915, during the First World War (in which Denmark remained neutral), a broad agreement on constitutional reform was reached. Universal voting was introduced, so that women and even women could vote. While elections were held by a majority vote in one constituency since 1849, an electoral system,

was introduced in 1918 that included the election of individual constituencies with proportional representation. Although the referendum was intended, to be introduced by the beginning of this century the Social Democrats, partly the Social Democrats, and those who were in power during the war, had only one referendum clause regarding constitutional change in the 1915 constitution. Was.

At the end of the First World War, the Northern Slyswig was repatriated to Denmark after an argument, and the present southern border with Germany was established.

The flower of the Denmark history and culture
In the post-war era, Danish culture continued to flourish.

Internationally, the most famous Danish film director, was Carl Dreyer (1889-1968), who directed a number of films, including the 1928 masterpiece “La Passion de Jean d’Arc” Known for its rich display of vision and near-modern use. Up Carl Nelson, one of DeMark’s biggest composers, wrote more than 100 works, ranging from string quadrants to operas.

She is the author of the most charming cover work “Spring Time in the Finn” (the birth of author Nelson). A Knights concert, one of the best of the 20th century. And six symphonies, the fourth of which are “unbearable,” and the fifth, are the most famous.

On the political front, in 1933 (as Hitler, came to power in Germany) great social reforms were introduced in Denmark, which laid the foundation for the country’s modern welfare state.

World War II and post-war culture

At the beginning of World War II, despite the declaration of neutrality, Denmark was occupied by Germany (April 9, 1940). On May 5, 1945, the Germans occupied, and the country was liberated. Iceland was completely liberated in 1944. In 1948, the island of Ferro gained home rule, and Greenland became, an integral part of Denmark under the new constitution of 1953, and in 1979 it achieved domestic rule.

In modern times, Danish culture has taken a step forward. The Danish cinema has attracted attention with the amazing “Feast of the Babette”, and the adaptation of Danish author Martin Anderson Nixi’s book “Pale the Conqueror Film director Lars van Turer leads a young generation of Danish filmmakers on the international film scene. Peter Hedge, best known for “Miss Simila’s feeling for snow”, is Denmark’s most prominent contemporary author. The Royal Danish Ballet, which performs at the Royal Theater in Copenhagen. from autumn to spring, is considered the best venue in Northern Europe.

Among other cultural activities, Denmark is also a leader in industrial design, with cool, clean lines placed on everything from ,architecture to furniture and silverware.

Denmark and the European Union

Denmark joined the European Community in 1973. Since 1982, under the leadership of Conservative, Prime Minister Paul Slater, the successor to minority governments, Denmark has become increasingly involved, in the European Union. However, Danish voters initially rejected the European Community’s agreement with the European Union (MasterCard Agreement) on June 2, 1992. But on May 18, 1993, in a new voting period, the referendum ratified an amended agreement.

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