Equatorial Guinea History

Equatorial Guinea History and Culture

Equatorial Guinea has a long history as a Portuguese colony. It is notable for the Bantu tribes, Fangs and Pygmies and is now one of the world’s oil sources. The country has had its share of political disputes, and while the past was tumultuous, its culture and heritage are well preserved.


At the end of the 15th century, the Portuguese colonized the area now known as Equatorial Guinea. Bantu emigrated there in the 17th and 19th centuries. Eventually the Portuguese gave the area to Spain in 1788, and by 1959, the country was run as a guard to Spanish Guinea. The colony was granted full independence in 1968.

The first decade of Equatorial Guinea’s independence was due to President Macias Nagima’s disqualification and brutal rule. In 1979, his nephew, Lieutenant Colonel Theodoro Obiang, overthrew President Ngema through a military coup. The situation initially improved after the management of international aid and the country became part of the CFA franc zone.

The Oyangs established their position through oppression, opposing the establishment of a repressive political system in the 1980s. This will stop sending support from other countries – especially Spain. In 1991, a democratic constitution was finally formed. The first multi-party legislative elections in Equatorial Guinea were held in 1993.

Unfortunately, the voting boycott impressed and intimidated voters, but Obiang’s PDGE (Partido Democratic Guinea Equatorial) took over. Placido Mike Abujo was the latest opposition leader, imprisoned in 2002 for planning a coup against the president.

Oil reserves were discovered in the Gulf of Guinea in the mid-1990s, making Equatorial Guinea internationally recognized. This discovery also contributed to the country’s economic development. The development came with some disappointments, though, including a dispute over Nigeria’s ownership of the island Baikonu, which is home to many of the most modern oil reserves in the Equatorial Guinea area.

Despite growth and growth in recent years, this country is still considered a malicious and corrupt government. Forced rule in Equatorial Guinea is not a new concept. In fact, it is from the time of the original inhabitants, the Pygmies.
Nowadays, a small group of Pygmies live mainly in the north, and the Feng tribe dominates in Equatorial Guinea.


The mainland’s culture is deeply influenced by ancient rituals and songs, while the island of Biaیوo is dominated by colonial Spanish traditions. The main focus of Equatorial Guinea is music and dance, and with it the locals consider it religiously important. Traditional musical instruments include pylons, large drums, bamboo stringed pianos, sansza, cane and wood chorus. Literary culture is primarily about legends and legends that go through the words.

Equatorial Guinea has no official religion, but its people are mostly Roman Catholics, with a small percentage of the population practicing hostility. Many ancient rites have been preserved by Bobby. One of the nation’s most celebrated ceremonies is, which is performed to cleanse the community and remove evil.
Traditional dances such as ballads can be seen throughout the year and on special occasions like Christmas. history of Africa

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