Fiji History Archaeological evidence shows that Fiji was inhabited by the Melanesian people for more than 3500 years. The first known contact with the European Union occurred in 1643, when Abel Tasman discovered the islands of Wonawa Liu and Tawny. British explorers, including Captain James Cook and William Blay, passed away in the late 18th century. By that time, the population was mixed, the Melanesians occupied the eastern regions, and the Polynesians incorporated the interior of the islands into a complex hierarchical society.
The first American ship arrived in the 19th century, bringing in resources of sandalwood (which had expired in ten years), and in turn attracted entrepreneurs and Christian missionaries. Later, European settlers began planting cotton, but they came into conflict with the Fijians through the use of land, political power and imported labor. The increasing availability of guns sparked inter-tribal conflicts, but by the middle of the nineteenth century,
the same tribe was dominated, led by the first Nobelo, and then his son, Kakuba, and was founded in the south-east. I was on the small island of Bao. Viti Liu. Fujian’s Bawan dialect resulted in the dominant language of the Fijian language, and an important factor in uniting the tribes. Kikuba converted to Methodist Christianity in 1854. In 1874, following British concerns over the interests of the settlers, Kikuba agreed that Fiji should become a Wali-e-Colony. In 1881, the island of Rotoma, located in northern Fiji, inhabited by Polynesians, was added to the area.
The first governor, Sir Arthur Gordon, collaborated with local chiefs to preserve traditional lifestyles. They forbade the sale of land to non-Fijians, imposed taxes, and maintained the current political structure. He also encouraged the growth of the sugar industry and the use of Indian labor. By the 1920s, Indians began to emphasize more commercial and political influence and by 1943, despite the restrictions on land ownership, they were in the majority.
The country progressed towards independence in the 1960s, in response to widespread international and British pressure, while internally defending the rights of Fijians while discriminating against the proper democratic capabilities of the government. ۔ As a result, a constitutional universal society was offered, which guaranteed the rights of Fijian land, and the Fiji chiefs, through the domination of their Senate, had a veto effect on constitutional change. Fiji was released on October 10, 1970.
By 1987, the alliance had formed the party, headed by Ritu (Chief) Sir Kammisius Mara, who carried out moderate multi-polarizing policies. The largest Indo-Fiji party, the National Federation Party (NFP), constituted the central opposition in most of the periods, and demanded the Indian Fijians for greater political and property rights.
The elections in April 1987 resulted in the victory of an alliance with the NFP and the Fiji Labor Party (FLP), chaired by Dr. Timothy Bawadra and supported by ethnic Fijian and Indo-Fijian trade unions. Biodara, an ethnic Fijian, became prime minister, but Hindu Fijian importance was present in both the House of Representatives and the Cabinet. In May 1987, the government was overthrown in an uprising led by Lt. Colonel Seteni Raboka, who demanded ethnic Fijian supremacy over all future governments.
The period of ethnic unrest began after the May 1987 uprising, during which the Great Council of Chiefs tried to introduce constitutional reforms. In the midst of the Governor-General, Ruto-Sir Panya Guinella, negotiations between Mara and Bawadra resulted in the formation of an interim government.
However, Rebecca led a second coup in September 1987, and in October she declared Fiji a republic. After becoming a republic, it was necessary to re-apply for the membership of the Commonwealth, and at their summit in Vancouver in October 1987, the heads of the Commonwealth essentially terminated their membership on that basis.
Which was adopted by Fiji. The government expresses the will of the people in a democratic way, and so on with the Commonwealth’s principles. In December 1987, Rebecca formed a new civilian government, with Mara as prime minister and Genlaw president.
Between 1988 and 1990, a new constitution was drafted and adopted by the Great Council of Chiefs, but the National Federation Party – the Fiji Labor Party Alliance – announced it would boycott any election under its provisions. Will do The constitution was also the subject of international criticism, most notably by the Commonwealth headed by India, Australia and New Zealand.
In October 1997, Fiji resumed membership of the Commonwealth. In July 1998 its new 1997 constitution came into force. In the May 1999 elections, the current Fijian Political Party (SVT, only eight of the 71 lower House seats) and the NFP (no seat) were ousted by a coalition led by the FLP (37 seats). That included the Fijian Association Party (TEN), the National Alliance Party (FOUR) and the recently formed Christian Democratic Alliance (TIN). Turnout was high in these elections where voting was mandatory.
After his victory, FLP leader Mahendra Chowdhury became the first prime minister of India, and despite his party’s majority in the House of Representatives, he formed a cabinet representing all four partners of the allies. His priorities were to end racial tensions and restore economic growth after the sharp conflict of 1997-99. Shortly after the election, Rebecca resigned from the SVT leadership.
In May 2000, armed ethnic Fijians, led by George Spot, overthrew the government, occupied the parliament building, and took almost hostages, including 40 prime ministers. Then continued negotiations between the army and the rebels until the blockade was abolished in July, when the hostages were released,
with the help of a new civilian president and the army, an ’emergency’ government was formed. ۔ In June, the country was suspended from the Commonwealth Councils in lieu of democratic restoration. In July, Spot and some of his supporters were arrested and charged with treason.