History of Alauddin Khilji
Alauddin Khilji was the second ruler of the Khalji family, a very powerful and ambitious king. Alauddin Khilji killed his uncle Jalaluddin Feroz Khilji, made his throne his name, and he expanded his kingdom in the year of India, furthering the legacy of the Khilji family. He liked to call himself the second Alexander. He was given the title of Alexander-Sunny. Khilji stopped the open sale of alcohol in his state.
He was the first Muslim ruler to expand his empire in southern India,
and succeeded. It was his passion for victory that made him successful in the war, which increased his influence in southern India, and the expansion of his empire. With the increasing power of the Khalji, their loyalties also increased. His most loyal generals in the Khalji kingdom were Malik Kafir and Khushroh Khan. In southern India, the Khalji was very much a terrorist, they looted the states there, and made the Khalji annual by the rulers who were defeated there.
With the plunder and war here, the Khilji were also trying to protect their Delhi kingdom from the Mongol invaders. After defeating the vast Mongol army, Khilji occupied Central Asia, now known as Afghanistan. To defeat the Mongol army again and again, Khilji’s name is also written in the pages of history. Attacking the Kakatiya rulers of Warangal, the Khilji also seized the world’s most precious diamonds. He was a great tactician and military commander, commanding his army in the Indian subcontinent. Read here to know the history of Mount Kurra diamond.
Alauddin Khalji was born in 1250 in the district of Birbhum in Bengal, his name was Juna Mohammad Khilji. His father, Shahid Uddin Masood, was the brother of Jalaluddin Feroz Khilji, the first Sultan of the Khalji family. Alauddin Khilji did not receive a good education from his childhood, but came to be a powerful and great warrior.
The first Khilji was made Amir Tajooq at the court of Sultan Jalaluddin Feroz. In 1291, Malik Chjo revolted in the Sultanate empire, Aladdin dealt with the issue very well, after which he was made governor of Kara. After the conquest of Balsa in 1292, the Sultan also gave the province of Alaud. Alauddin Khilji betrayed the Sultan and killed him and the Sultan ascended the throne of Delhi. Despite killing his uncle and sitting on the throne of Delhi, he faced some rebels for two years. Khilji faced this problem with full force.
Between 1296 and 1308, Mongol rulers invaded the Mongols to occupy Delhi. Alauddin Khilji won wars against the Mongols in Jalandhar (1296), Kali (1299), Amroha (1305) and Ravi (1306). Many Mongols settled around Delhi and embraced Islam. They were called new Muslims. The Khalji did not believe him, they considered it part of the Mongol conspiracy. To save his kingdom, the Khalji killed all the Mongols who numbered about 30,000 in 1298. After that he took his wife and children as his slaves.
In 1299, Khilji received his first major victory in Gujarat. The king here revealed his two elders, General Alagh Khan and Nusrat Khan, in Alauddin. Here the country became the chief loyalist of the Kufr Khalji. Khilji first attacked the Rajputana fort of Ranthambore in 1303, in which he failed. Khilji attacked for the second time, in which he was confronted by Shah Rana Hamer Deo, a descendant of Puthuviraj Chauhan. Rana Hamer was bravely killed in battle while Khalji ruled in Ranthambore. Read on to know the history of Prathaviraj Chauhan.
In 1303, Khilji sent his army to Warangal, but lost his army to the Kakatiya ruler. In 1303, Khilji attacked Chittor. Rawal was the king of Ratan Singh, whose wife was Padmavati. In his desire to win Padmavati, Khilji attacked there, in which he was victorious, but Rani Padmavati committed the poison. By the way, there is no strong evidence of this story. Read on to know the life history of Rani Padmani
In 1306, the Khalji invaded the great state of Bangla. Where Rai Kiran ruled. Here Khalji was successful and by bringing Rae Rehab’s daughter to Delhi, Khalji married his eldest son. In 1308, Khalji’s general Malik Kamal-ud-din attacked the Siwan fort of Mewar. But Khilji’s army was defeated by Mewar’s army. Khilji’s army won for the second time.
In 1307, the Khalji sent his faithful infidel to collect taxes from the king at Deogiri. In 1308, the Khilji Mongols sent another Afghan man to Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul with his chief Ghazi country. Ghazi crushed the Mongols so much that they could not dare to invade India again. In 1310, the Khilji conquered Homsala Samaraja, located south of the Krishna River. The ruler Vera Balala surrendered without war and agreed to pay the annual tax.
In 1311, Alauddin Khilji army raided the area of Mabar at the behest of Malik Kafir, but suffered a defeat against Tamil ruler Vikram Pandya. However, the infidels succeeded in plundering huge wealth and sultans. Sultan Shahi ruled directly over the northern Indian states, while all the southern states paid heavy taxes every year, leaving the Khalji with too much money. The Khalji exempted 50% tax on agricultural production, which reduced the burden on the farmers and they were not obliged to pay their land as tax.
When the pagan conquered parts of southern India, he built a mosque there. It spoke of the rising kingdom of Alauddin, which stretches from the Himalayas in northern India to the Adam bridge in the south.
Khalji created a price control policy, whereby grain, clothes, medicines, animals, horses, etc. could be sold at fixed prices. In fact, all the goods were of very low value, which were sold in Delhi markets. Civilians and soldiers benefited the most.
The death of Alauddin Khilji
In January 1316, Khalji died at the age of 66. By the way, it is believed that he was killed by his lieutenant Malik Deputy. Its mausoleum and madrassa are behind the Pole complex in Mehrauli, Delhi.
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