History of Barbados
History of Barbados Barbados is the eastern most Caribbean island. It is located at 13.1N, 59.4W. The island, less than a million years old, was born with the collision of Atlantic crystals and Caribbean plates with volcanic eruptions. Later corals form, which accumulate up to about 300 feet. It is geographically unique, in fact two mainland peoples who have been together for many years.
Barbados Saga Begins – An Island Standing Alone
Very Early Of Barbados
The date of the initial settlement of Barbados is being written as a result of recent archaeological discoveries at Port St. Charles. Samples and evidence indicate settlement sometime around 1623 B.C.
The first locals were immigrants from Venezuela. Peddling the long digout canoes, they crossed the oceans and streams that challenge modern ships. At the northern tip of Venezuela is a narrow marine channel called the Dragon’s mouth, which serves as a shine for the Caribbean Sea and the closest island to Trinidad. It is a strong passage of fast flowing water and cross currents. This is dangerous water for the open canoe. But they came, families and villages, adventures, descendants of the first people who traveled south across Canada and the United States, across the Alaska Land Bridge.
They build their new home in Barbados along the coast, behind which is a clue, which is only a dream of history for archaeologists and dreams about it. Pieces of tools made from shells, utensils, refuse and burial sites illustrate their time.
Arawaks were short, olive-skinned people who banned the forehead in childhood. He also found black and white body painting attractive as well. The kayaks (chiefs) and influential members of the tribe wore nose plugs and / or rings made of copper and gold (History Barbados). They were an agricultural people and grew cotton, cassava, corn, peanuts, guava, and papaya. Cotton was woven and used for armbands and hammocks. The cassava was ground and had to be prepared in crepes, which are used for cooking. Arawaks also used harpoons, nets and forks for fish to eat (date Barbados)
1200 Carib Indians
In 1200, Arawaks were conquered by the Caribbean. The Krabs were a tall and strong American tribe compared to the Arawaks. He was incredibly accurate and used a powerful poison to paralyze his prey. (History of Barbados) The culture is almost extinct from Barbados. Cultures and pockets of people, now known as black people, are located in Saint Vincent, Grenadines and Dominica. The largest population in Dominica is in the Kali Nago area. See Dominica Cali Nago for more: An edge over the future
On the way to Brazil, the Portuguese came to Barbados. This was the time when the island was named Las Barbados by the Portuguese explorer Pedro A. Campos. The name was probably named after the fig tree on the island, which looks like a beard.
1625 – 1644. English colonies
The first English ship touched the island on May 14, 1625 under the command of Captain John Powell. The island was claimed by King James I.
On 17 February 1627, Captain Henry Powell landed with a party of 80 settlers and 10 slaves to occupy and settle the island. The expedition first landed in Hailey Town, formerly known as Jamestown. The Colonies established a House in 1639. It was the third parliamentary democracy in the world (Barbados History)
Land was allocated to those with good financial background and social links with England. Within a few years, much of the land was cultivated to make way for the cultivation of tobacco and cotton.
During the 1630s, sugarcane was introduced into agriculture. The production of sugar, tobacco and cotton depended heavily on the interests of the servants. White citizens who want to emigrate can do so by signing a peasant service agreement in Barbados for a period of 5 or 7 years. In order to meet labor demands, servants were also kidnapped, and convicted criminals sent to Barbados. White slaves and apartheid workers (also known as red-legged) still live in Barbados, between the Black population in the St. Martin River and other areas on the East Coast. At one time they lived in caves in the region.
1644 1700۔ Sugar and slavery
The Dutch merchant formed a potential market for slaves and sugar-making machinery that was to supply Barbados with its own labor force requirements from West Africa. The slaves came from Sierra Leone, Guyana, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Cameroon. Many slaves did not survive the journey from Africa, but many thousands still reached their destination.
Barbados saga-slave ship and human slavery.
In those early years, Barbadians dominated the Caribbean sugar industry. The owner of a sugar plantation was a powerful and successful businessman who arrived in Barbados in the early years.
There were many natural disasters in the late 1600s, such as the locust plague of 1663, fire in Bridge Town and a major hurricane in 1667. In 1668, drought destroyed some gardens, and in 1669, excessive rainfall added to their financial problems. However, investment in sugar and slaves continues, and it is thought to have good prospects.
Until 1720, Barbadian was no longer a dominant force in the sugar industry. They were overtaken by Liverpool Island and Jamaica.
1807 – 1838. End, Rebellion and Freedom
After the abolition of slavery in 1834, many new citizens of Barbados benefited from the excellent education available on the island. After these citizens were educated, they wanted more than to work in the Kane fields. Some of them found prominent offices in Barbados. Others worked in general jobs, and still lived in other Ken’s fields (History of Barbados).
Many people were attracted to Barbados because of the climate and the slow pace of life. The island was considered a cure for “fever” (Barbados History). Even Major George Washington visited the island in hopes of relieving his illness with his tuberculosis half-brother (Barbados History)
Slavery was abolished in 1834, followed by a four-year tenure during which free men worked 45 hours without pay for housing in small huts provided by plantation owners. Freedom from slavery was celebrated in 1838 at the end of employment, with more than 70,000 Barbadians of African origin marching on the streets with the Barbados folk song.
Barbados was first occupied by the British in 1627 and remained a British colony until its independence in 1961. He is a member of the Commonwealth. The first leader of Barbados as an independent nation was the respected Errol Walton Bureau of the Republican Labor Party. The other major political party is the Barbados Labor Party, headed by the current Prime Minister – right-wing Owen Arthur. In 1989, the National Democratic Party was formed. Its leader was Dr. Richie Haynes.