history of Ecuador
history of Ecuador The coastal part of the Andean basin, located in modern Ecuador, was inhabited by Indian tribes when the first Europeans arrived on the Pacific coast of the region in 1526. The Ankan Empire spread to this territory and spread to an area near Quito.
The first Spanish settlement in Ecuador was established in Quito in 1534 on the site of an important Incan town of the same name. Another settlement was established four years later near the Givas River in Guayaquil. Campaigns initiated by Francesco Pizarro, who discovered and occupied Peru, founded
settlements and expanded Spanish rule over mountainous areas and coastal suburbs. Ecuador was part of the Peruvian viceroyalty until 1740, when it was transferred to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (together with Colombia and Venezuela). With hardly any gold or silver, Ecuador did not attract many Europeans to the Spanish colonial era, which continued until 1822.history of Ecuador
The first rebellion against Spanish rule occurred in 1809, but only in 1822 did Ecuador gain independence as a part of the Grand Columbia Federation, from which it withdrew in 1830. As a result of a prolonged period of conflict and instability, it was mainly due to the struggle between conservatives and the liberal elements, the clerical and oppressive movements,
and the owners of large fields and small fields and gardens. This country was governed by the dictators and the army played an important role in internal politics. During the first century of its independence, Ecuador changed its constituencies 13 times, and only a few presidents succeeded in completing a four-year term.
The economic development associated with the rise of cocoa in the late 19th and first quarter of the 20th century helped to stabilize and strengthen the domestic administration despite repeated business in the rulers. 18 Presidents between 1897 and 1934 and 25 Presidents between 1934. 1988.