history of France
The ancient history of France
The history of France is many thousands of years old, with evidence that Homo sapiens lived there around 40,000 B.C.
About 6 6,000 B.C. , Scattered farmers inhabited the land.
The Celts arrived from the east in about 1000 BC, bringing Druids, warriors and craftsmen to share land with the peasants.
This European country of France was first known as Gaul, (or Galia), the area conquered in 51 B.C. By Julius Caesar
This area later included lands known as Belgium and Switzerland.
At the time, the language used was Celtic, which is related to modern Breton, Gaelic or Welsh.
The Romans built public buildings and theaters in the countryside and in Roman villas.
Walking into the area, the barbarian tribes attacked Caesar’s Galia and destroyed much of the Roman structure that was built there.
Nevertheless, many excellent construction surprises still remain.
A Roman irrigation can be found near Salt, France (Pont du Gard Aquedict, a 3-tier structure built in 19 BC). This ancient waterway is made of lace of stones and stones and is about 160 feet high.
There are also old Roman amphitheaters in Orange (in the Rhone Valley) and Arles. These widely-used exterior steps are still used today.
The Mason Kerry Temple in Nimis was built in 19 B.C. And well protected.
Many of the Corinthian pillars still stand here.
The Truffle Arch in Orange is just another image of ancient Rome, facing the ruins of time.
France in the history of France – the country of France
Around the end of the fifth century, under the leadership of King Clovis, the Franks (a Germanic civilization) overthrew the Romans and conquered the land, which was eventually divided into three parts, the western part of “France” Means “country of the country” franc).
About A.AD, the first French-speaking king, Francine, demanded that the ruling class use French, a Latin-language graduate, developed in years of dialect, which is regarded as the official language. is used.
The Vikings moved to the northern part of France.
The French King, Dorky of Normandy, reconciled with the Scandinavian Vikings by giving them a large area. The people who settled in this area became known as Normans.
In 1066, a Norman, William Conqueror, left to invade England. William was claimed as a relative of the current King of England’s Viking ancestry.
William the Conqueror actually conquered his rival Herald Godson in the Battle of Hastings, and for the next 400 years French was the language of England’s ruling class.
Hundreds of castles were erected and thousands of French words were introduced into the English language.
At the beginning of the Middle Ages, the French queen, Eleanor of Aquitaine, known as the Duchy of Aquitaine, divorced her husband Louis, and married young French king Henry (Pentagonite) II, who was born in both major French territories. Acquired, and in all parts of England its circle.
When Henry died, Eleanor’s son Richard became king and he became his adviser.
Eleanor promoted the arts, encouraging royal money, inviting students, poets and musicians to her court.
Medieval music, as we know it today, is derived from the music style of Eleanor of Aquitaine.
During the Middle Ages, France flourished and flourished until blacks fell to the plague of death and the Hundred Years’ War (1337 to 1453) posed a serious threat to the country.
The Hundred Years War, (1337-1451), which was fought periodically to control the French land between France and England, destroyed the country, killing thousands and destroying it. Cause.
This, coupled with the devastation of the Bubonic plague, also left the country in despair.
Threat to divide England and Burgundy into undesirable land
John of Arc, the famous young lady martyr, was prominent in attracting France to victory and eventually England was banished from the country.
In 1494, the Renaissance spread to the country, France invaded Italy and seized its cultural wealth.
The Frenchman, who was attracted and inspired by Italian art, invited Leonardo de Vinci to a French court.
Intoxication. During the second half (mid-1400s), France made great cultural and economical progress.
At that time, France was fascinated by the art of the Netherlands and Italy.
From 1562 to 1593, Catholics and Protestants fought in wars of religion. The wars caused much trouble and destruction to the country.
After these wars, a wonderful period of French history emerged.
The Bourbons ruled the country in the sixteenth century.
The era of 18th century France was what was called “enlightenment”,
France was the envy of Europe.
This philosophy was the time of Voltaire and Rousseau, a time of poetry and romance.
Louis became president of the Fourth King, and during that time, France enjoyed the revival of art, music, drama and literature and was in the fury of the Italian style.
Francis I commissioned Dave Vinci, Cellini, Fiorentino to ask for some artists.
French artists imitate Italian style.
French chateaus was built with an Italian flair.
By the end of the monarchy’s reign, however, France’s economy was drifting towards poverty.
In 1789 the French Revolution resulted in the end of the monarchy, and during a turbulent time in French history, a flood of blood flowed.
In 1792 France declared war on Austria.
Louis XVI was caught trying to escape France, and he was hanged shortly thereafter.
In 1793 France declared war on Britain.
The French constitution was ratified but not implemented.
The new slogan of the Republic read “Freedom, equality, brotherhood”, and the people patriotically stood behind it.
After the death of Louis XVI in 1793, the reign of terror began an ugly beginning.
The first victim of the massacre was Mari Antoinette, who was imprisoned with her children after her separation from Louis.
His son, Louis Charles, (Louis XVII), had mysteriously disappeared (Gallatin Style), just before his execution.
Soon there was a long line about the deaths of unfortunate French citizens. Public executions were considered entertainment.
While beheading women used to sit down and men would eat and talk as they turned their heads.
Robes Pierre and the reign of terror in the history of France
Civil liberties were abolished in 1793 and the Declaration of Human Rights became obsolete.
Maximilian Robes Perry, leader and staunch supporter of the Riyadh of Terror, said, Terrorism is justice, and quick, hard, not complicated” (Speech on justification for terrorist use)
By 1794, 30,000 French men and women were murdered on one charge or another, killing 2,400 in Paris alone.
Terrorism was designed by ordinary citizens to discourage insurgency.
A person who has only complained to the government (in speech or written words) will not be allowed to speak in his defense and can easily and quickly destroy himself.
Many people arrived too late, eventually Rob Spear was arrested and beheaded, the last victim of the terrorist era.
Napoleon Bonaparte in French History
Napoleon Bonaparte, a Corsican and military genius, became Emperor of France in 1800.
Its armies conquered almost all of Western Europe.
“I purged the revolution,” he said.
Napoleon Bonaparte enacted constitution and fair laws that included respecting religions and abolishing slavery.
He encouraged the education of science, arts and literature and he ended feudalism.
Today, French law is still based on Napoleon’s code of civil law.
Significantly, Napoleon was unusually short, but he was 5’6.5, the normal height for a man at the time.
In 1814, Bourbon overthrew Napoleon’s rule, but in 1848 Napoleon’s nephew Louis became the emperor and was renamed Napoleon III.
Napoleon I Bowen died at the age of but not before establishing a period in French history that greatly expanded its territories.
In 1848, France claimed colonial colonial territory on the western Indian islands, Martinique and Guadeloupe, as well as other small islands, colonies of Senegal on the coast of Guyana and Guyana in South America.
France also claimed two islands off the coast of Newfoundland, McLean and St. Pierre, Mewtree and Reunion, parts of India, Algeria, Tahiti and Marcos in the Indian Ocean.
As a result of the 1848 revolution, slavery was abolished in these colonies.
France has claimed colonization over French Equatorial Africa [Congo, Central Republic of Africa and Chad] and Vietnam in recent years.
In 1870, after the overthrow of Napoleon III, a strong republican, Georges Clemens (“Tiger”) was made mayor of Montmartre in Paris.
He was elected Senator in 1902.
Once again, the Frenchmen enjoyed a new era in the early 1900s, welcomed modern art, theater, music, and the new inventions available through the grip of power.
Elite elites visit Paris to see the beautiful artistic city, body cabarets and romantic cafes.
Nevertheless, some rebel political parties had trouble.
From 1906 to 1909, and from 1917 to 1920, Kliminsaw was the Prime Minister of France.
He did not agree with the political views of Napoleon III; being more conservative, he supported Britain altogether and warned France to beware of Germany.
Clemenceau’s suspicions were justified when Germany declared war on France in 1914 and invaded the country in World War I.
At the beginning of the war, France annexed Britain and Russia against Germany and Austria.
Germany filtered the route through Belgium and invaded France, aiming for the capital Paris.
The Germans were ambushed by the French and English on the Maran River just north of Paris.
Germany continued to invade French territories, and France reluctantly welcomed England’s military aid as German troops forced French troops into the northern borders.
Many French and British soldiers died of the disease, besides rats infected and contaminated trenches.
A tenth of the French population was killed or disappeared in this war, more than the English or even Germans.
After the war ended, Clemens, who was still in distrust, demanded that Germany be disarmed and severely punished for the perils of war.
France began rebuilding with determination and new hopes.
Before the start of World War II, there was a time called the Phony War, sometimes called the “strange war” or the “funny war.”
It was known as the Lol after the fall of Poland and before the start of any other war.
Winston Churchill called it the “Battle of Twilight.”
In May 1940, German forces again attacked France, accusing France of surrendering. It was a dark period in the history of France.
Germany occupied the country from 1940 to 1944 and used France as a war base against Britain, along the Atlantic and the coast of the Channel.
During World War II, the Vichy government was organized.
Germany wanted to take over France but was not interested in lending credentials to the author, thus establishing a “dohng” government with French Marshal Patten, a “puppet” leader in the city.
Patin had to obey the Nazi orders.
France was forced to convert one-third of German goods into Germany, and a third of the French people were forced to work to help the German war.
The French general, Charles de Gaulle, declared, “France has lost the war, but France has not lost the war”.
One of France’s most famous leaders, De Gaulle, who fought in the First World War, tried unsuccessfully to escape five times, while he was imprisoned several times by the Germans.
Charles DeGaul led numerous battles against Germany in World War II.
The French started forming a resistance army and they spied on the Allies.
On June 6, 1944, the Allies, advancing to Normandy, began the independence of France, and as a result overthrew the puppet authority.
The Allied forces marched to Germany, liberating Dunkirk on the way.
The war ended in 1945 when the Axis powers arrived.
In 1945 De Gaulle became head of the French government. France did not do well either socially or politically with its neighbor Germany.
More than a quarter of the country has been destroyed. The economy was low and restructuring was difficult. There was a lack of food and fuel.
Progress was regrouping, but by the early 1950s France had regrouped.
In recent years, the Channel Tunnel, 31 miles long (23 miles below sea), was built just below the UK route.
The Frenchman produced the Super Jet, Concord, which was flying in 1969 on Super Pace.
In 1960, France dropped a nuclear test bomb on the Algerian desert.
In 1996 France announced that it had exploded its sixth nuclear test bomb off the coast of French Polynesia in the Pacific.
French, today, the French people are very proud of their language.
The French language is expected to make the French people descriptive, poetic, fluent and fluent.
“What is not clear is not French” is taught in schools.
Author Anatol France said, “French has three characteristics: the first is an explanation, the second is an explanation, and the third is still an explanation!”
Still, the French language can be quite vague. The verb has 277 meanings, all 277 are listed in Robert