history of Gambia
The first British merchant in Gambia came in 1587. He began his exploration of the river in 1618, and finally took control of St. Andrew’s Island 1661. It was named after the Duke of York, later James Island after King James II, and has since been renamed. Kanta’s renamed trading companies were set up and they tried to control the river trade.
By the middle of the seventeenth century, the slave trade dominated all other trades. The British and French fought to control the region’s trade. In 1765, castles and settlements were settled in the British Crown and for eighteen years, which is now part of the British colony Senegambia in Gambia,
Its headquarters in St. Louis is at the mouth of the Senegal River. However, in 1783, much of Senegambia was extradited to France, leaving the British colony in the Gambia section, once again in charge of an African company.
After Britain ended the slave trade in its settlements in 1807, they tried to find a suitable place in the Gambia where they could oversee the river and prevent ships from going and leaving with slaves. Alexander Grant,
Shipped to Gorai for this purpose, he found the fort of Kanta Kanta island in the far and ruins. He therefore contracted with the Chief of Combo in April 1816 to eliminate the sand shore known as St. Mary’s Island. Originally called Portuguese by Banjulo, Grant named the new settlement as Bathurst after the then colonial secretary, Lord Bathurst. In 1820, Britain declared the River Gambia a British Protectorate.
In 1886, the Gambia became a Crown Colony, and the following year France and the United Kingdom drew the boundaries between Senegal (then a French colony) and The Gambia. With the abolition of the slave trade, the British were forced to bring in a new source of wealth to support colonial wealth,
Because of which peanuts were planted. Peanuts or peanuts are originally from South America and introduced to West Africa (the first Senegambia region) by the Portuguese in the 16th century. The sliced nuts are crushed to make oil, which is exported to Europe for food preparation.
In the 1950s, peanut production in Gambia was developed as a way to increase export earnings and make this country more and more supportive. Today peanuts are the largest crop of both Gambia and neighboring Senegal.
On February 18, 1965, Gambia gained political independence from Britain and Queen Elizabeth II of Britain became the Head of State. It was strongly felt that the Gambia could not stand on its own and there was talk of forming a federation with Senegal, but that fact could not be revealed at this time. At the same time, two events occurred that enabled the younger nation to survive and even prosper.
For a decade after independence, the global price of peanuts increased significantly, increasing the country’s GNP by almost three times. The second event had even more impact – Gambia became a major tourist destination.
On April 24, 1970, following the referendum approved by President Dawood Kiriba Jawara’s ruling majority, Gambia became a Republican, having been re-elected five times. The relative stability of the Jawara era was first broken in the violent coup attempt in 1981, led by Coco Samba San Ying, who, on two occasions, tried unsuccessfully to elect a parliament.
After a week of violence that killed several hundred people, Jawada, who was in London when the attack began, appealed for help from Senegal. Senegalese troops defeated rebel forces. As a result of this coup attempt, Senegal and Gambia signed the Confederation Treaty in 1982. Consequently, the purpose of Senegium Confederation is to unite the armed forces of the two countries and unite economies and currencies.
The Gambia split from the Condition in 1989. In July 1994, the soldiers’ late pay rallies turned into a coup, headed by a young lieutenant Yahya Jamia, a new military government was formed and elections were held in 1996. And Lieutenant Jamhah was elected by the people by the public votes and a new constitution was introduced,
launching the second republic. President Jammeh has since won two consecutive elections in 2001 and 2006 and has re-joined power to this day. They have brought stability to the country and tourism has returned to a grand scale. In addition, Gambia’s infrastructure has greatly improved, as is the modern Banjol International Airport, evidence of new hospitals, roads and street lights that are being put in place.