history of Georgia
General Georgia State History
Although never formally designated by the British, Savannah was the center of colonial rule in Georgia for half a century.
The last of the 13 British colonies to be established on the coast of Georgia, Georgia, was founded by James Edward Oglethorpe with 114 original settlers at the present location of downtown Savannah on February 12, 1733.
As more and more people settled in the Georgian colony, the Spanish became increasingly upset over the growing British presence in the Florida area. On 7 July 1742, the then “General and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces of South Carolina and Georgia” Olythorpe eliminated the Spanish threat to Georgia by defeating the Spanish in the bloody Marsh battle on St. Simon’s Island. I left for Gen. Oglethorpe England to return to Georgia.
With the arrival of more colonies, settlements along the coast and rivers were ready. In 1758, the province of Georgia was divided into eight parishes, in which four new parishes were added in 1765. When Georgia’s independence from the British government was announced in January 1779, an executive council was elected, and the revolutionary state government made Saona its capital. The legislature met there in 1777 and 1778.
After the fall of Augusta in 1779, the government was temporarily located in the Fort of Head in Wilkes County, from February 1780 to July 1781. Government officials returned to Augusta only in 1782 to relocate to Savannah, which had been evacuated by the British. Lawmakers worked for several days on the way to do business in Ebenezer, a small German population.
During the Revolutionary War, many Georgian people still felt loyal to England. Therefore, this war was fought not only between the American and British forces, but also among the citizens who became revolutionaries, with the Whigs and still the King, allegiance to the Tories. Between 1783 and 1785, the Georgia Assembly revolved between Savannah and Augusta, and the governor divided his official residence between the two cities.
During the legislature’s 1783 session, an act was approved to move the capital to Augusta, as it was near the center of the state from Savannah.
Georgia suffered a population loss and considerable physical destruction due to the revolution. Over time, settlers, attracted to the availability of land, moved to other states. Some were drawn to additional territories in the West, leading to a series of deals with the Creek.
And the Cherokee Nations
On February 22, 1785, the General Assembly held its last meeting in Savannah, and Augusta officially became the capital. Founded in 1735 by the men of Ojilthorpe, Augusta was a fortress and a trading area. Even in the first year, the legislature faced the possibility of choosing a capital in the West far more than Augusta.
In an effort to find a suitable, accessible, central location for a new capital city, a legislative commission directed that the Indian trade post near Augusta be called “Golfin Old Town” or “Golfton”. ۔ The new capital was named “Louise Will” in honor of King Louis XVI of France in appreciation of French aid during the Revolutionary War.
The first permanent capital was built in Louisiana in 1796. Although no existing drawings exist, this building appears to be a two-story brick structure of Georgian architecture in the 18th century. Later, after the transfer of the capital, the building was used as a county court and eventually destroyed.
The most dramatic piece of legislation passed during the years when Louisville was the capital of the state, the Yazoo Act was recovered and the process was publicly burned on February 15, 1799, in the state of Georgia. The present great seal was adopted at the General Assembly in Louisville.
Due to continued westward expansion, the Georgia Legislature passed an Act in 1804 to move the state’s geographical center closer to the capital. A place on the Okoni River was chosen for the new capital, called “Milladge Vale”. brick at a cost of 80,000
A gothic-style capital building was erected. The first meeting of the General Assembly was held there in 1807, and Millridge was the capital for 61 years. In 1825, General Lafayette, who had come from France to assist the United States during the Revolutionary War, visited Mildjewel, where he was awarded a wide range of events. The Mansion, the first official residence for the governor and his family, was built in 1838 in Milledgeville.
The desire for land, and later gold, created a sharp expansion beyond the old border, with which trade with rivers increased, and people had to move along new roads into the wilderness. The main basis of this new growth and economic expansion was the production of a complete slavery system of cotton.
The debate over the expansion of new territories into slavery in the 1860s was the height of debate. After Abraham Lincoln was elected president, a special state convention voted to oust the union on January 19, 1861.
Separation is considered to be one of the most important legislation to be approved only in Mendoza. Only a few months later Georgia formally joined the United States. Georgia did not suffer direct destruction from the war until 1864 when General William Tecumseh Sherman made progress despite northern Georgia,
Besieged and occupied Atlanta, and after that he pushed his famous march to Savannah in the Sea. The legislation was postponed after major confusion, later re-formed in 1865 for a short period in Macon. At the end of the war,
With the federal authorities in control of the Georgia government, the legislature was allowed to re-form the capital in Moldova. During the war years, Georgia lost nearly 120,000 men and boys in the fighting, as well as much of the state’s material wealth.
After that, reconstruction of the state was a slow and painful process. Political conflicts arise between newly formed black citizens who are allowed to hold seats in the legislature for the first time,
And the pre-social structure, which sought to minimize the changes in their traditional lifestyle. Georgia’s economy was also crippled because of a heavy dependence on cotton production when global market prices were historically low.
By the mid-1870s, the federal government abandoned its efforts to force Georgia on reconstruction programs. The Democratic Party is firmly entrenched as the dominant political force in the state. The only serious challenge was a brief surge of activity from the populist party led by Tom Watson.
More are interested in efforts to diversify the Georgian state’s economic base. A spokesman like Henry Grady, editor of the Atlantic Constitution, started talking about the “New South.” Grady’s vision was attracting many Georgian people, but her understanding required several years of hard work. Although the state suffered losses during the great depression with the rest of the nation,
Georgia gradually succeeded in achieving economic growth during the early years of the 20th century. After World War II, the pace of industrial growth became more pronounced. Atlanta, which began in the mid-1880s as a transportation hub,
Also recognized as a commercial, financial and cultural center for the Southeast. New industries were created in Georgia, and others moved to the state from outside. Meanwhile, the rural areas of Georgia were revived as Georgian farmers, who are driving cotton production through destructive bidding, diversified their planting practices and adopted new agricultural techniques.
Along with these economic changes came many social and political changes. As a result of the 1960s civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., black voters, who were exempted from effective participation in state politics after the Reconstruction period, played an active role in political life. What is it. Of the state. Colleges and universities have expanded, and new cultural centers have opened.
In January 1977, Georgia sent its first president to Jimmy Carter of Plains, the former White House governor of Georgia. Taking advantage of the strong leadership of the past two decades, Atlanta has become an international city. Georgia’s governor travels around the world to encourage trade and investment for the state.
In the last quarter of the 20th century, Georgia, along with its capital city Atlanta, emerged as a leader in the nation’s social, political, and economic development.