history of Greece
Greece is a country that has a rich history and is the homeland of many celebrities over the centuries. This section suggests information about the history of Greece: from the Stone and Bronze period to the twentieth century, but also information on other historical facts: famous quotes, ancient Greek celebrities, the Olympic Games, Flags, archaeological sites, historical monuments and sites in UNESCO Greece. We also suggest information about Greek history for many places and Greek islands
Bronze Age Greece
Excavations indicate that the first population in ancient Greece dates back to the Pliothic period (11,000 to 3,000 BC). During the second century BC, Greece gave birth to a great stone and bronze civilization: the Minino (2600-1500 BC), the Messinian (1500-150 BC) and the cyclic civilization. They were important first
The Classical era (6th to 4th century BC) is very well known all over the world. The peak of the classical period dates back to the 5th century BC, when the foundations of Western civilization were founded in Athens. The city became the largest naval force in ancient Greece and developed all the domains of culture, including philosophy, music, drama, rhetoric, and even a new government called democracy. It’s not exaggerating to say that this era changed the history of the world.
Athens and Sparta were the most powerful city states in ancient Greece, and the states of other cities were, in fact, linked to one or the other of these two cities. In the 5th century, the Allied Greek cities were able to repel the Persian invasion. The Peloponnesian War between Illinois and Sparta, however, led to the end of the classical period.
This was the time when the Macedonian government of northern Greece conquered and conquered other Greek cities. After the death of King Philip II, his son Alexander embarked on a major expedition to Asia. In 334 BC, Alexander the Great invaded the Persian Empire and his army conquered India completely. However, in 323 BC, he died in Babylon at the age of 33 and his heritage ruled after the Macedonian empire was broken.
168 BCE and after that, the Romans conquered Greece and a new era for Greek history began. This is actually the period where ancient Greece converts to Roman Greece. At that time, the country has become a battleground for many important battles and new cities have been built, such as Nicopolis in western Greece. Athens and Greek culture in general are declining, but Greek becomes the second official language for the Roman Empire. Rumi reads classical philosophies and bases his religion on Olympian gods. In the third century CE, the fall of the powerful Roman Empire begins and is split into two pieces, the Eastern and Western Roman Empire.
Although the Western Roman Empire was gradually conquered by the barbarous Northern European tribes, the capital was created with the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople (Byzantium) and was transformed into a Byzantine Empire that lasted for about 1,000 a thousand years. At this point in history, Christianity becomes the official religion of the new kingdom, new territories are occupied, and new state laws are formed. These laws would later formulate the first laws of the modern Greek state, as they will be formed in the nineteenth century.
The Ottoman era and the liberation war
In 1453 BC, the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople and gradually the rest of Greece, which was already partly dominated by the Venetians and the Knights of St. John. The country suffered a lot during the Ottoman occupation, and after that there were repeated revolts. Because these revolutions were unmanaged, the Ottoman army suspended them all until March 1821 when the Greek War of Independence began. This year is the cornerstone of national history. After many battles, massacres, and arrests, the country was finally liberated in 1829, when the first independent Greek state was formed and a Greek diplomat, Evans Capodestrius, was appointed governor in the Russian courtyard. The first Greek state consisted of the Pilopens, the Scythians, and the Cyclades.
After the assassination of Kapodistrias in 1831, Prince Otto of Bavaria became the first king of Greece, after which George I started from Denmark in 1863, at this time, the Ionian Islands donated to Greece as a gift of a new king. And then there was Thessaly. Associated with the Greek state through Turkey. In the early 20th century, after the First World War, Macedonia, Crete, and the East Aegean Islands were also associated with the Greek state. It was at that time when the figures of a prominent Greek politician rose, the most famous prime minister of modern history, Elfaterios Venezuela.
The year 1922 was a source of concern for Greece as many Greek immigrants from Asia Minor came to the mainland, which was part of a population exchange with Turkey. Although initially difficult for refugees to adapt to their new lives, they gradually contributed to the country’s development. During World War II, Greece resisted the forces of many axes, but in the end, most of the Greek territory was conquered by the Germans and some by the Italians.
After World War II, the island of Dodecany, which had been under Italian occupation since the early 20th century, also became part of the Greek state. After three decades of political turmoil, which included a military junta from 1967 to 1974. Since 1975, the government of Greece has been a parliamentary republic.