history of Honduras

history of Honduras

history of Honduras map
history of Honduras map

LOCATION Honduras is approximately 1,000 miles southwest of Miami and its main mountain area is 48,200 square miles. There is a large coastline along the Caribbean Sea to the north and little access to the Pacific on the south. The capital of Honduras, Tegucigalpa, designated its language as the name of the ancient Nahuatl language, and translates to “silver mountain”, as a result, Tegucigalpa as a mining center in the colonial period. Came into being “Tags” as its residents affectionately call it, is a mix of an old colonial city that has become the modern capital of Honduras.
San Pedro Sola is known as the industrial capital of Honduras. 80% of all industrial parks are within 20 miles of the city. The coastal cities of Cebu and El Progresso are the third and largest cities.

History of Honduras

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Honduras is located in the southern tip of the Mayan civilization, extending from modern Guatemala to the island of Kupen in the southwest northwest of Honduras. The Mayan civilization collapsed long before the arrival of Christopher Columbus, who visited Trujillo in Honduras in northeast 1502 during his third trip to the New World. The country was accepted by the colonial government after some resistance from the people of the central hills of Lanka. His chief, Lampira, killed by the Spaniards, became a national symbol after independence.
After independence in 1821, Honduras joined the Central American Federation, and the Honduran general, Francesco Morazon, became its first president. He also entered the face of national heroes after being martyred in 1839 as a result of the breakup of the federation. The Liberal Revolution of Honduras took place in 1870 under the leadership of Marco Aurelio Soto.

In 1899 the Vicaro Brothers received their first banana banana. His company will later become the standard fruit. In 1907, Sam Zimore founded the Chemical Fruit Company. United Fruit later purchased. The unequal relationship between companies and the state of Honduran in the first half of the 20th century gave rise to the definition of a “banana republic”. Between 1932 and 1948, Honduras was ruled by a dictator, Tabarque Cares Andino.

After the fall of the Crisis, Honduras embarked on an uneven process of political and economic innovation. In 1954, Honduras signed a military agreement with the US government, which was concerned about its strategic interests in the region after the dissolution of the Arbenz regime in Guatemala.

In 1957, a liberal president, Ramon Wolda Morales, was elected. His administration promoted the first agricultural reform and saw the beginning of social welfare legislation. He also took Honduras to the Central American Common Market, Mercedo Common Centroamericano (MCCA), which was founded in 1960.

President Wolda was ousted from power by a military coup in 1963, and General Osvaldo Lopez Arellano became president. General Lopez Arellano sought to resolve the growing land disputes in the West at the expense of Salvadoran immigrants, and as a result, Honduras fought a brief war with El Salvador in 1967, which is known in historical books as the “Soccer War.” Since it was triggered. Abuse by the Honduran team during the World Cup qualifying game in San Salvador

During his second presidency, from 1972 to 1975, General Lopez Arellano supervised the most radical phase of agricultural reforms, which took the form of a colonial movement in the Agonan Valley, during which the Rangers made way for cooperatives for farmers. Was cleared of the valley. Dedicated to bananas and African palm. A government forestry corporation, Corporaci Hond ria de Desarolo Faristal (Kdhof )r), was established, which marked the beginning of a period of military government that also saw the founding of the Corporate Nationale de Inversion (Kondi). As a result of these measures, by the end of the 1970s, external debt had increased steadily by US $ 1.5 billion.

The 1980s was a period of political and economic crisis in Honduras. The global recession of 1979 and the debt crisis of 1982 revealed a flaw in the development strategy that relied on foreign borrowing to pay for public spending.
Nicaragua dominated the Contra War in the first half of the 1980s. The Honduran army rolled their eyes at the presence of the Contreras in southern Honduras, and in return the liberal government of Roberto Suzo Cordova (1982-1796) received economic and military support from the United States. It was an era of armed repression under the leadership of General Gustav Alvarez Martinez,

during which about 170 left-wing workers “disappeared.” However, the focus of US policy has gradually shifted toward supporting democratic governments in Central America. This helped to strengthen democratic rule in Honduras and put an end to the long tradition of military coup.

In the late 1980s, during the regime of Liberal President Jose Simone Uzkona, as soon as the Contra War ended, the US government called for reform of economic policy based on World Bank’s structured adjustment packages. ۔

The election of Rafael Leonardo Callejas, a Partido Nasional candidate in 1989, sealed these progress, prompting a modernizing civilian president to associate with a construction adjustment program and to see a continued shift in the balance of power away from the military. Heading to the civilian administration. This trend continues with annual improvement in infrastructure. More history

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