History of Hungary

History of Hungary

History of Hungary It was founded in the ninth century by Arpad, the great patriarch of Magyar, who, after settling in the Carpathian Basin, led people from pagan religion to Christianity. On Christmas day, 1000, Airpad’s grandson, Stephen Pope, climbed the throne with a crown sent from Rome by Sylvester II. Hungary’s kingdom and nation were born.

The 300-year-old government of the House of Airpad saw that the country was rapidly looking west and Anju’s successful house in Poland, towards Dalmia, and a huge flower of architecture. The first Golden Age had begun. During the reign of King Matthias, his fairness and justice were praised, Hungary advanced, but eventually his death took place in the 16th and 7th centuries for 150 years under the Ottomans. Habsburg, however, helped evacuate Turkey, defining a stable time for reconstruction.

When the Hibs Empire was overthrown, the revolt in 1848 resulted in the dual kingdom of the “Austrian Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary”. In 1867 there were two capitals, two parliaments. This “stereotype” was born again in Hungary economically, culturally and thoughtfully. The second Golden Age had begun.

The turn of the century Budapest was rightly considered the birthplace of the modern world. However, the First World War proved destructive. With its original size divided by almost a third, millions of ethnic Hungarians found themselves living outside the country. Russian intervention in the aftermath of World War II resulted when Stalinism unleashed its iron in Central Eastern Europe.

But at the end of this new century, Hungary has been a free country for a decade now and it has a reputation for nostalgia by adding a smiling, vibrant image. In this fast-moving post-communist era, visitors will be reminded of the widespread extinction of Europe, old-fashioned customs and courtesan hand-kissing and floral offerings. Today, Hungary is experiencing a new renaissance. It was closely predicted by its mix of colorful people and racial influence in the 21st century. The First King of Hungary, St. Stephen, said: “Therefore I command your son to give kindness and respect to the newcomers, so that they may be with you instead of settling in.”

A brief history of dates
895
Conquering the East, the Hungarian tribes conquer the Carpathian Basin under the leadership of Arpid.

1000
Stephen I (Saint Stephen) was made king, and Christianity was adopted during that time, and the structure of the Hungarian state stood.

1222
The Golden Bull, issued during the reign of King Andrew II, affirmed feudal privileges and granted the right to resist the impeachment.

1241–1242
The Mongols invaded the country. Reconstruction is the work of IV.

1301
Earpad’s house died with King Andrew III.

1307
A ruler of the House: Charles Robert ascends the throne.

1342–1382
During Charles’ son, Louis I, the largest area of ​​medieval Hungary was acquired. Louis took the throne of Naples, and in 1370 became king of Poland.

1396
In the battle of Nikopoly, the Turks defeated the Crusaders of Sieksmund, Luxembourg, and secured their first major victory.

1456
Jonas Haniyadi successfully defended today’s Belgrade, Nandurferhour, and withheld Turkish attacks for half a century.

1458–1490
Hungary is an important European power during the Hadi government during Matthias (Matthias): the Black Army conquered part of Bohemia and took Vienna.

1514
Hungary’s largest peasant uprising, led by Gagazi D ۔az.

29 August 1526
The Hungarian Kingdom is fighting against the invading Turkish Empire in the Akhos. One real estate camp chose Jonos Zapoulai, while the other chose King Ferdinand I (Habsburg).

1541
Boda was captured by the Turks. The country is divided into three parts, the bulk of which is owned by the Turks, while northern and western Hungary recognized Habsburg as the ruler, and Transylvania became a sovereign empire under the Treaty of 1570.

1593–1606
The 15-year war against the Turks ended with the Peace of Zeit Vu وtor ۔k.

1604–1606
The battle of St Bun Bosque (the ruler of Transylvania from 1605) for independence ended with Vienna.

1613–1629
The golden period of Transylvania in the reign of Gobar Baitlin.

1683–1699
With the help of the Habsburg Emperor, the Turks were expelled from Hungary. The castle was re-occupied in 1686.

1703–1711
The war of Frances Ricci II (Prince of Transylvania from Habsburg to 1704, the ruling prince from 1705). In 1707, the National Assembly in Nund announced the abolition of the Habsburgs, but the War of Independence failed.

1722
Pragmatic approval confirms the line of succession through the Habsburg mother line.

1740–1780
The Kingdom of Maria Theresa (apostate king since 1758)

1780–1790
The reign of Joseph II. The enlightened absolutist monarch, the “king of the hat” has introduced a number of reforms, but canceled them on his death, leaving all three.

1794–1795
The Hungarian Jacobins conspiracy led by Ignác Martinovics.

1825
Count Aston Suzanne has offered his one-year estate for the establishment of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences at the beginning of the reform period in the National Assembly of Bratislava. Starting in 1832, the National Assembly held its first meeting in Hungary instead of Latin.

March 15, 1848
The Insect Revolution On February 7, King Ferdinand VI selected the first independent and responsible Hungarian government, headed by Count Lajos Bati-Ni, and followed the rules adopted by the last feudal diet on April 11.

September 18
The war of independence against Habsburg is beginning. After the initial defeat, the Hungarian armies won a series of victories.

14 April 1849
The National Assembly announces the abolition of the Habsburgs and Lajos Koswat is elected governor in Debrozin.

13 August 1849
War is the fall of freedom. The Hungarian army seized the Austrian emperor and Russian Czar’s superior forces in Velgos.

6 October 1849
The martyrs of the War of Liberation were hanged in a pile of insects. By retaliation, all laws adopted in 1848-1849 have been repealed, leaving only the freedom of surfers in process. Hungary’s constitutional independence has been abolished and Austrian customs and legal systems have been introduced.

29 May 1867
Deal with the Houseburg House. Francis Joseph I was made king of Hungary, and Austria became the king of Hungary. Dynamic economic development begins in Hungary, while political and national tensions escalate.

1896
Millennium is celebrated with great fervor, the thousandth anniversary of the conquest of Magyar.

July 28, 1914
After the assassination of Austrian throne heir Francis Ferdinand, the Hungarian monarchy declared war on Serbia. The First World War began.

1918
As a result of defeat, the kingdom is divided.

31 October 1918
Count Mihuly Crowley became Prime Minister.

March 21 – July 31, 1919
Corolli resigned due to antitrust claims. The Republic Council has been established, headed by Communist Bala Cain. The community survives 133 days. There is a counter-government set up in Szeged.

November 16, 1919
Anti-Government Defense Minister and National Army Commander Anchief Mikelis Horti marched in Budapest.

1 March 1920
Michael Horty was regent. Hungary is once again a “kingdom”, but the issue of the power of the head of state is not resolved with final effect.

June 4, 1920
The Treaty of Trianon has been signed, which has reduced Hungary’s territory from 288,000 square kilometers to 93,000 and has reduced its population from 18.2 million to 7.6 million. Millions of Hungarians find themselves in succession kingdoms to the collapse of the monarchy, and revising the deal becomes the target of Hungary’s foreign policy.

6 November 1921
The Houseburg House Debt Law is enforced.

1921–1931
The country has been consolidated under Prime Minister Aston Bethlean but has not been able to curb the effects of severe depression.

1932–1936
During the period when Jeolla Gambis is prime minister, foreign policy has increasingly supported the powers of fascist Germany and Italy, the axis.

2 November 1938
Italy-Germany’s Arbitration Court returns Hungary from Czechoslovakia to the part of the Felvadik inhabited by Hungary’s First Vienna Award, and in March 1939 all carpetry has been re-annexed. In August 1940, Vienna’s second award returned to Northern Transylvania with Siesley Field to Hungary.

3 April 1941
After Hungary allowed German troops to occupy Yugoslavia, thus violating the ‘Permanent Friendship Agreement’, Prime Minister Pele Talley committed suicide. April 16 returned to the Baska, Barnea Triangle, Morakiz and Moravidic Hungary.

June 26, 1941
The government, led by Lazlo Bardosi, declared war on the Soviet Union. Hungary entered World War II.

January 1943
The second Hungarian army is wreaking havoc on the Don River.

March 19, 1944
Hungary is occupied by Hungary. On October 15, Horti tried unsuccessfully to withdraw from the war. The next day, the Germans forced him to resign. Frank Sizalsi, leader of the Arrow Cross (Hungary’s National Socialist) party, became “leader of the nation”.

21 December 1944
The Provisional National Assembly met in Debrisen, the eastern part of Russia, which was liberated by the Soviet Army. The provisional government declared war on Germany the next day.

In early April 1945
The Soviet army expelled the Germans from the country. The loss of human lives in Hungary during World War II is close to one million, and 40 percent of the national wealth is destroyed.

November 1945
The Independent Small Holders Party won the parliamentary elections.

1 February 1946
Hollinger became a republic, including the head of state along with Zoltan Tlady.

February 10, 1947
Hungary signed the Paris Peace Treaty, which restores the borders set in the Tryon Peace Accord, and Czechoslovakia has found Burge Head (three villages) near Bratislava.

31 August 1947
In the “blue slip” elections, the Communist Party, which does not rush into fraud, has the upper hand. The erosion of the opposition, the launch of the so-called “peace plan”.

June 12, 1948
In the “turning year”, the Communist and Social Democratic parties united, forming the Hungarian Working People’s Party (Magyar Dlugovskiy Pertaja – MDP). The other parties disappeared. The whole ruling party of the country is M MDtyá R countrykosi, secretary general of the MDP and prime minister. The head of the Catholic Church, Cardinal Mindsinti, has been sentenced for the show’s trial. Plants employing more than 10 people have been nationalized. A new constitution has been approved. The start of a forced aggregation of agriculture. Some of the Communist activists are also hanged or imprisoned after the show trial. Quality of life drops, dissatisfaction increases.

August 20, 1949
The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Hungary is in force.

July 4, 1953
At the behest of Moscow, Aymara Nagy replaced the Prime Minister in place of Ricci, and “adjustments” to the errors began. Nagri was dismissed in April 1955 and later removed from the party.

23 October – 4 November 1956
The democratic transformation of domestic politics and the revolution for national independence and the war for independence. On November 1, Prime Minister Aymara Nagy announced the separation of Hungary from the Warsaw Pact. On November 4, Jonas Cadre announced the establishment of a revolutionary government of workers and peasants and called for Soviet troops. The revolution was thwarted, and the unprecedented bloodshed of revenge operations killed more than 200 people. The general amnesty was announced only in 1963. Asylum seeker Nagy and his associates, who then sought asylum at the Yugoslav Embassy, ​​were released, were arrested, sentenced to death in 1958, and hanged on June 16.

19 March 1959
Socialist restructuring of agriculture will begin on 19 February 1961 and conclude.

20-24 November 1962
The Eighth Congress of the Socialist Workers Party of Hungary (MSZMP) has announced that socialism has been laid.

27 May 1966
The MSZMP (Central Committee) passed a resolution on the new economic system.

21 August 1968
As a member of the Warsaw Pact, Hungary is involved in Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia and pressure from the “Prague Spring”. The introduction of new economic mechanisms has taken a hit.

January 6, 1978
The United States returns the symbol of the Holy War and the Crown that migrated to the United States after World War II.

14-16 June 1985
Meeting of Social Opposition Against “As Socialism exists” in Manor.

September 27, 1987
The Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Democrata Frome) was established in 1988, turning it into an independent social organization.

March 30, 1988
The Alliance of Young Democrats (Fiat Democratic Securities – Fides) is set up. The Alliance of Free Democrats (Sizabadimocratic Securities – SZZ) was formed on November 13, and the Independent Small Holders Party (Fogetlin Casgazportek FKGP) was formed on March 4, 1989. On May 20-22, 1988, the MSZPP Party Conference released Jonas Cadre from his role as Secretary General. McLeas Nimath became Prime Minister at the National Assembly meeting between November 24-26.

March 23, 1989
Opposition round table has been formed.

June 13 – September 18, 1989
Establishment of political and legal conditions for the peaceful transition of multi-party system and the establishment of political democratic governance and negotiations of political cooperation between MSZMP, opposition round table and social agencies and movements (third parties).

June 16, 1989
On the anniversary of his execution, Omri Nagy and his companion Shahad were buried again. Jonas Cadre died on June 6, and the famous period under his name reached a symbolic end.

September 10, 1989
The Hungarian government has opened the country’s western borders to immigrants coming from the German Republic. (In the fall, the “iron veil” that separates the two world systems collapses; socialist governments in Eastern and Central Europe fail one after another.)

23 October 1989
The Republic is announced.

March 12 – June 30, 1990
Soviet troops leave the country.

March 25 – April 8, 1990
The first free multi-party parliamentary elections, followed by the 1994 and 1998 elections. The new national assemblies and coalition governments formed after the election commit themselves to the establishment and stability of the political, economic and legal basis of the system. Change.

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