history of Indonesia

history of Indonesia

Indonesia history can be traced back to the dawn of mankind as it is from this place that the remains of the earliest humans were traced. During the ancient period of empires and empires, Indonesia witnessed the rise of great empires that ruled almost all of Southeast Asia and was considered to play a key role in the region’s history. After independence from the tide of foreign colonies and the two world wars, Indonesia emerged as a united country and to this day has progressed to the world’s highest nations.

When was the dawn of humanity in Indonesia?
The fossilized remains of Homo erectus and its tools, popularly known as “Java Man”, found in Central Java at the site of artifacts in Central Java, suggest that the island of Indonesia contains at least 1.5 million The year was already settled “early man”. Recently, Homo fluorescens was discovered in the island of Liang Bo, Flores, fossil or nicknamed “The Hobbit Man” and is also believed to be one of the ancestors of modern humans.
What happened in the days of the Kings and Sultans?
It is mentioned in Chinese history that the Indonesian peninsula between India, China and the islands has been developing since the first century CE. In South Sumatra, the powerful maritime empire of Srijuya, which ruled the seas of the Sumera and the Malacca Strait from the seventh to the thirteenth centuries, was the center of Buddhist learning and was known for its wealth. Eighth – In the ninth century, the Silender family of the Mataram state in Central Java built a magnificent Buddhist temple in central Java, followed by the Hindu temple Perumbian.

From 1294 to the fifteenth century the powerful Majapahit kingdom occupied a large part of the island in East Java. Meanwhile, the Sultans, small and large, developed many islands on the peninsula, from Sumatra to Java and Bali, to Clementan, Salovici, Ternate and Molokas, especially after the advent of Islam in the thirteenth century.

What was the colonial era like?
After the arrival of Marco Polo in Sumatra, waves of European, Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and British, tried to dominate the spice trade in their sources, which is in the Moluccas, Indonesia, or the Malco Islands in the 16th century. In 1596 the first Dutch ship sailed off the coast of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized the island until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.

Indonesia’s emergence and declaration of independence

Soon there was a revolt against the oppressors in the country. Indonesian youths vowed to build “one country, one nation and one language: Indonesia” together with the Youth of 1928, irrespective of race, religion, language or ethnic background in the region. Called Indies.

Finally, after the defeat of the Japanese in World War II, on August 17, 1945, the people of Indonesia declared their independence through their leaders Sukarno and Hatta. Freedom, however, was not easily achieved. Only after years of bloody fighting did the Dutch government finally recognize Indonesia’s independence in the 1950s and encourage it.

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