history of Ireland
The first inhabitants of Ireland landed between 8000 BC and 7000 BC. Around 1200 BC, the Celts came to Ireland and their arrival has had a lasting impact on the culture of Ireland today. The Celts spoke of the Cave Celtic, and over the centuries, mixing with the first inhabitants of the Irish, it turned into Irish Gaelic. This language and their culture created a rift between the Irish Celts and the rest of Europe. Celts wrote beautiful poems and drew inspirational artwork that still remains today. But the Celts were also extremely fighters and experts in fighting each other.
Born in 387, St. Patrick was abducted when he was 16 years old and brought to Ireland. He managed to escape, but returned to Ireland after hearing the voice of God. When she returned, she began preaching Christianity among the Irish people. He built numerous churches around Ireland, and the symbol is that he taught the Irish the concept of ‘Trinity’, in which he used it to highlight the Christian faith of the three divine people of God. While doing, 3 found a clover, – Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Thus, giving Ireland its national mark. St. Patrick’s lasting impact on Ireland, St. Patrick’s Day is still celebrated worldwide every year on March 17. About 795 AD, the Vikings came to Ireland from Scandinavia for the purpose of stealing and defying treasure from Ireland.
By the end of the tenth century, Viking power was waning. The Viking period in Ireland is said to have ended in 1014, when a large Viking army was defeated by Clonberry in Clontarf (941 – 1014). While Brian Barry was actually killed when he rested in his tent at the Battle of Clontarf, he was known as a warrior and is considered the greatest king of Ireland.
In the twelfth century, Norman arrived in Ireland with England, embarking on an 800-year struggle. Ulster Plantation took place in 1600 in which the Irish Land was taken from the Irish landlords and given to the English family. The Ulster plantation divided the country, and it remains. British occupation still remains in Northern Ireland. The great arrival of Ireland’s conflict with the English occupation in Ireland was Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658). Cromwell is one of the most hated figures in the turbulent history of Ireland.
Cromwell arrived in Dublin in August 1649 and intended to eradicate, as he saw it, the Irish problem once and for all. He thought that what he was doing was God’s work. He despised Irish Catholics and, along with his army, slaughtered and killed them, burned down houses and unplanned crops. It destroyed Catholic churches and killed priests. It gave up killing and destruction in Ireland. He stole Irish land and gave it to lenders and English soldiers. It pushed most of the Irish, and especially the Catholics, into the era of Ireland where the land was poor and inhabited. About 1/3 of Catholics have died due to fighting, famine and disease
Over the next 150 years, more bloodshed and massacres occurred on the Irish land between the Irish and the English. There was a failed coup against the English in 1798 by Wolf Tone (1763 – 1798), which is seen today and as the father of Irish Republicanism.
The biggest event in history in Ireland’s last 200 years was the “Great Famine.” And if you are American and have Irish roots, maybe you can trace your ancestors to Irish history. During the famine that lasted from 1845 to 1852, the failure of one of its major crop potatoes killed more than one million Irish and emigrated more than one million. Many of these Irish people risked their lives. Travel to the United States on the ‘Coffin Ship’, where they settled on the East Coast as they arrived. Potato famine greatly
affected Europe. The Irish had other ways of providing food, such as cattle and sheep. However, they had to sell their stolen land due to over-rent which the English demanded. If the Irish could not pay the tremendous rent, they were evicted from their homes and lands. So they had no means of producing food and either died or tried to emigrate. In a desperate attempt to quench their appetite for grass, there are stories of green-colored streets around the mouths of dead Irish men, women and children.
In the late 1800’s, with the rise of Charles Stourt Parnell (1846 – 1891), one of Ireland’s greatest politicians, another push for Irish independence was seen from England. The Land League was formed with Charles Stuart Parnell as president. It sought to promote another political way of dealing with the English. It promoted ‘shagging’, which meant that the Irish refused to evict any landlord illegally, or deal with an Irishman who rented new available land. Had taken It was known as the “Land War.” Although Parnell never achieved the Home Roll (Ireland under his Irish Parliament), he did the basic work for Ireland’s biggest uprising.
On Easter weekend, in 1916, an army of Irish volunteers and the Irish Civilians launched a coup. Britain was in the middle of the First World War. Padraig Piercy (1879 – 1916), one of the emerging leaders, read the ‘Declaration of the Irish Republic’ on the actions of the General Post Office (GPO). Connel Street in Dublin before Rising Begin. About 1,200 members were involved, and rising leaders led the G.P.O. And numerous other buildings around the city of Dublin. Height was a failure in one sense but more and more things to base. The British surrounded their leaders and hanged them. The executioners were quickly martyred.
The momentum now began for Irish independence. The next few years saw the rise of Michael Collins (1890 – 1922) and Eamon de Valera (1882 – 1975). A new style of guerrilla war has begun. In the 1920s, bloodshed began on the Irish roads, with British intelligence agents being mobilized by Michael Collins and the murder of many Irish, and then the murder of innocent Irish by the British ‘Black and Tennis’. But by 1922,
Ireland gained independence from Britain, except for six counties in Northern Ireland, which is still part of Britain. In 1922, the postboxes were painted traditional British red to green, the road signs changed to include both Irish and English, and Troy-Clerk was loud and proud around Ireland. In Northern Ireland, violence continued with “troubles” in the 1970s. Thankfully today, Ireland is relatively peaceful with the power sharing in Northern Ireland between the Central Catholic and Protestant parties.
Read! So there you have it, 10,000 years history in a few paragraphs! We hope this gives you a bit of a light on Ireland’s past. The history of Ireland is very interesting so we suggest you read more about the country if you like what you just read.