history of Italy

history of Italy

History of Italy
From ancient culture to the European Union
Hardly any other European country has experienced such extraordinary pressure during its history as Italy did. From the very beginning, the Mediterranean country developed a superior culture and became the first superpower: the Roman Empire. For centuries, the Romans dominated European history because of their culture, development and military power, and laid the foundations of today’s Europe. Although a long phase of volatility began after the fall of the Roman Empire, the Italian city of power and Italian Nissania played an important role in the development of today’s civilization in great ways.

The cave of European civilization

According to Roman history, the city of Rome was founded in 753 BC, and shortly after two centuries it became the capital of an emerging Roman Empire. Regularly, the Romans conquered the Mediterranean, and half of Europe formed the basis of modern civilization. Roman law, Catholicism, art and culture and technological advancement became the basis of Italy’s history and Western civilization. But after Rome was dispersed and consequently divided into a Western Roman and an Eastern Roman Empire, that day ended. Although the East Roman Empire existed until 1453, Roman rule in Italy ended with the invasion of foreign countries by the Oudosar in 476 and resulted in the conquest of Rome.

Color History: Medieval Italy
Italy was at the mercy of newly established European powers shortly after the fall of the Roman Empire. To this day, the Teutons, the Goths, and the Lombards ruled different parts of Italy simultaneously.

The papacy’s rising power and the rise of the Franconians resulted in the destruction of the Lombardian Empire and the Roman-German Empire of Italy in the north, the Papal States in Central Italy and the South, which ruled. Different powers. With the development of the bourgeoisie, the states of the city were formed during the investment dispute between the pope and the emperor in Upper and Middle Italy. These city states feature the history of Italy up to the modern age.

History of Italy: From the State to the Present
After a prolonged depression, Italy gained short-term cultural and economic dominance in Europe in the 15th century. Italy’s powerful city states Humanity and intoxication. Were the center of the second. However, with the discovery of the United States, this supremacy ended rapidly, and Italy was again at the mercy of the newly emerging great powers, France and Austria. Finally in the reign of Napoleon,

who proclaimed the kingdom of Italy and made himself king, the Italian city kingdoms were united for the first time since the time of Rome. With the emergence of nationalism, the Italian people finally revolted against Austria and eventually founded the Italian kingdom in 1861. But the idea of ​​a great power ended with the First World War. Although Italy emerged as a conqueror, the war engulfed the country in economic and social problems, thus paving the way for fascism. After World War II, Italy was declared a parliamentary republic in 1946, and, as a founding member of the European Union, eventually re-entered Europe.

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