History of Kashmir

History of Kashmir How Kashmir got Article 370?

How Kashmir got Article 370: History retold
Hari Singh appeared to chart out his own way without acceding to India or Pakistan. It signed a standstill treaty with Pakistan, which breached the agreement by invading Jammu and Kashmir in October 1947. India did not intervene till Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession with India and sought help from New Delhi.

Kashmir  MOUNTAIN IMAGE
Kashmir MOUNTAIN IMAGE

HIGHLIGHTS


Jammu Kashmir acquired its modern shape under Ranjit Singh
Kashmir was first called in Kashmir which was corrupted to become Kashmir.
Hari Singh sought privileges for his people on the lines of a law that denied outsiders right to own property
1947 65 States were empowered to become part of either India or Pakistan. Since then there has been a majority of Muslims in Kashmir and Raja Bazaar Shamsher has been enslaving Muslims 26 October 1947 Maharaja Hari Singh Against the wishes of the Kashmiris, the State with India was declared, resulting in the first war between Pakistan and India which started in 1947
Maurya emperor Ashoka had a strong connection with Kashmir. He founded the city of Srinagar and brought. Buddhism to Kashmir, which saw a number of ruling dynasties till the middle of fourteenth century, this time, a Tib Buddhist refuge Rinchana, who later converted to Islam, established first Muslim dynasty in Kashmir.

When Akbar shah became the Muslim emperor he annexed Kashmir to his empire.The state of Jammu and Kashmir acquired its modern, shape under, Ranjit Singh, who established a Sikh confederation, and annexed. Kashmir from the Mughal empire in early 19th century. The administration of Jammu, and Kashmir was given to a local chieftain from the Dogra community, who expanded, it by capturing, Ladakh and Baltistan for the Sikh empire.

By this time, the British rule of East India Company was getting stronger in India. The company had successfully, challenged the advance of Sikh empire, whose leader Ranjit Singh was forced to sign a Treaty of Amritsar in 1809, which was formalised in 1846 after first Anglo-Sikh war. This treaty decided the fate of Jammu and Kashmir.

Mahraja Hari Singh
Mahraja Hari Singh

The British trader-rulers “sold” the dominion of Jammu and Kashmir to Dogra king Gulab Singh for Rs 75 lakh. The Dogra king ruled over the regions of Jammu, Kashmir Valley, Gilgit-Batista and Ladakh. The arrangement continued till 1947, when the British divided, the Indian subcontinent into two countries, India and Pakistan. Jammu and history of Kashmir, ruler Hari Singh appeared to chart out his own way without acceding to India or Pakistan. It signed a standstill treaty with Pakistan, which breached the agreement by invading Jammu and Kashmir in October 1947. India did not intervene till Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession with India and sought help from New Delhi.

Hari Singh India sought special Privileges for his People. on the lines of a 1927, law that denied outsiders, the right to own property in the state. This law restricted the right to own property in Jammu and Kashmir in line of inheritance only. This had been brought apparently to keep the Britishers, away from the salubrious Valley of Kashmir.

Jawaharlal Nehru image
Jawaharlal Nehru

The Jawaharlal Nehru government agreed to Hari Singh’s condition subject to future final settlement. The matter was placed before the Constituent,

history of kashmir Assembly of India, which was dealing with the task of framing, the Constitution of India. After a lot of deliberation, Article 370 was inserted, in the Constitution’s twenty, first part that proclaimed it to be Temporary, Transitional and Special Provision.Article 370 provided, for a special status to Jammu and Kashmir, which was granted to it through the Presidential Order of 1954. The Narendra Modi government earlier this week revoked the special status to Jammu and Kashmir through Presidential Order of 2019.more

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