history of Kyrgyzstan

history of Kyrgyzstan

The history of Kyrgyzstan extends from the Soviet Union to an independent country, on the Silk Road to the ancient Petrovsk. Kyrgyzstan has long been a historically important place in Central Asia, at the crossroads of trade routes and empires. Located between the Chinese, Persian, Arab, Indian, Turkish, and Russian empires, the land that forms Kyrgyzstan today has changed the history of many people, religions, cultures and travelers.

Thousands of years have been settled in Central Asia and the surrounding areas of Tian Shan, as the discovery of petroglyphs and archeology can be confirmed. Osh in southern Kyrgyzstan is one of the oldest settlements in Central Asia and has been known since ancient times. Some of the early settlers were nomadic infidels who practiced an ancient monotheistic religion, Tigrinism, centered around nature. Until the Battle of Tulsa, in 751 CE, between the Chinese Tang Dynasty and the Arab Abbasid Caliphate, Central Asia was largely Buddhist territory, though other religions and cultures were famous because of travelers on the Silk Road. The battle of Talus is a turning point, from which Islam began to become the dominant religion and influence in the region. The Karkhanis were one of the earliest Muslim kings, and they mixed many of the old Turkish elements with Islam. The factories were in power from the 9th to the 11th centuries, during which they built the Burana Tower (all that remains of their capital, Balsagne) and the tombs in Uzhgan.

With the Mongol conquest of Asia in the 13th century, today’s ethnic Kyrgyz people migrated from the Siberian River Yancy to their present home of Tian Shan. Tian Shan ruled the Mongols for several hundred years in various forms, subjected to climaxes, orates, and dzingers, depending on who was killed recently.

In the 18th century, King Raj reached its largest size in China, and Orites became an important state. With the rise of Kokand in the early 1700s, Kyrgyzstan came to power under the Khanate. During these past centuries in Kyrgyzstan’s history, the region played an important role in keeping the travelers crossing Silk Road Asia. Visitors can still see Tash Rabat, a stone caravanserai (like hotels) in Noreen Province, starting in the 15th century. There are also many land impacts that enter the languages ​​and cultures (and even DNA) of the people living in the area, possibly from traders and travelers. And although Manas’s epic is known for being very ancient, the events it presents are similar to those of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Central Asia was right in the middle of the great game of royal expansion in the 1800s, played between Russia from the northeast and Britain from the south. At that time, Kokand’s mines were very weak, and therefore smaller regional rulers had significantly more power. When Aleksema Ditka, who ruled Alai (now in southern Kyrgyzstan), was killed in the Palace revolt, his wife, Strong Kermanjan, became the latest leader in 1862. As the Russians got closer and closer, Kermanjan Dutka requested a peaceful transfer, and in 1867, the Alai region was annexed by the Russian Empire. A 2014 film depicts her life story (as well as the amazing scenes in which she lived), which is now considered an important part of Kyrgyz history.

From 1867 to 1918, Kyrgyzstan was part of Russian Turkestan, which was the Governor General’s Ship in the Russian Empire. Turkey has been a colonial outpost for many years, separated from the capital in St. Petersburg, but by the end of the 20th century, the arrival of railroads brought more Russian settlers, who had limited land and water resources. Stress. This resulted in a Basmaki coup in 1916, followed by severe retaliation on the Russian language. Many Uzbeks, Kazakhs, and Kyrgyz fled across the border to China, both after the Rebellion in 1916 and the forced arrival of the Communist Party in 1918.

After the establishment of the Soviet Union in 1917, Turkey is divided into oblasts by approximately las race. Since many people were nomads, and many people identified more than their religion, city, or profession, it was difficult to draw borders, and many populations ended up out of their average nation (that’s why here There is a large population of Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan today). Kara Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was founded in 1924, replaced only in 1926 by the Kyrgyz Autonomous Socialist Republic. Both of these entities were part of the Russian Socialist Federation of the Soviet Republic. In 1936, the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic was established, now ruled by the Kyrgyz branch of the Communist Party in Freon, the capital of Bishkek. One of the most notable figures coming from Soviet Kyrgyzstan was Genghis Imatmatov, a famous politician, diplomat, and author.

On August 31, 1991, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan declared independence from the Soviet Union. Since 1990, President Asker Akyev has become the president of the new Republic, holding office until the Tulip Revolution in 2005. Protests in 2010 were unstable until Bakiyev was ousted from power, which replaced Akayev. In Osh, tensions erupted between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks, and recalled similar riots in the 1990s. Rosa Otunbayeva became interim president in April 2010, and she became one of the few female leaders in the Muslim-majority country. After Almazbek Atambayev took office in 2011, he also became the first Kyrgyz leader to peacefully hand over power. Since then, Kyrgyzstan has been relatively stable, even hosting two World Nomad games, even in 2014 and 2016.

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