history of Liechtenstein
Given the central location in Europe, Lichtenstein has a rich history. Its borders have changed for about 300 years. Today it stands as the last remnant of the Holy Roman Empire. Principality has transformed from a very poor agricultural society into one of the most highly industrialized countries in the world.
The area occupied by the Principality of Liechtenstein has been inhabited by settler farmers since the Stone Age (4000 – 1800 BC). Until 15 BC, this area was added to the Roman province of Ra. After the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, Ritia was first incorporated into the Frankish Empire of Charlemagne and then from the 10th century, part of the Holy Roman Empire. Rightia was partitioned after the 12th century and royal power was initiated in 1396 by the sovereignty of the County Woods. Although some are rich in natural resources and despite the constant threat of flooding due to the River Rhine, the imperial hatred of Windows was later confirmed by the other emperor and became the center of its historical significance.
Vaduz and Schellenberg
The states of Woods and Schellenberg (the modern-day Liechtenstein Formation) repeatedly exchanged hands between 1416 and 1613, and eventually came to rest with the Count of Hohenmas. Under the rule of Hohen Sims, Windows and Shellenberg experienced one of their most tragic chapters in history. The plague repeatedly hit the area, and after 30 years of war, the persecution of the sorceress killed 180 people. Throughout this period, Hohnmas became deeply indebted and was forced to sell the Woods and the Sheldenburg County House of Liechtenstein in 1699 and 1712, respectively. The Prince of the House of Liechtenstein has been serving as an advisor to the Habsburg family since the 13th century.
The House of Liechtenstein held the lands in Moravia, Lower Austria and Bohemia, but all of these lands were under the control of more senior feudal lords. Although Lichtenstein’s rule overthrew the prince’s kingdom in 1608, the princes sought to gain land (subject to a feudal ruler other than the Roman Empire) in an attempt to increase their power and gain a seat. ۔ He succeeded in the Royal Diet in Vienna in 1699 and 1712 with the purchase of Windows and Schellenberg. With the purchase of both counties,
the princes of Liechtenstein greatly increased their power. In 1719 the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI annexed Wodows and Schleinberg, and then extended the area to the rank of Rexfurstentem (Imperial Principality). So Liechtenstein became an independent member of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Prince of Liechtenstein could take a seat in the Imperial Diet. However, since the House of Liechtenstein was owned primarily in Austria and Moravia, no prince stepped up in Lichtenstein until 1842.
The Rhine Confederation and the German Confederation
As a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the Holy Roman Empire was under the control of the French Emperor Napoleon I. When Napoleon dissolved the Roman Empire and formed the Rhine Confederation, Lichtenstein was released from the service of the former king and gained his sovereignty. Entered the Confederation in 1806. Although much desired by neighboring Bavaria, Napoleon’s influence and compromises saved Leechstein from its neighbor. Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1813 and dissolution of the Rhine Confederation,
Lichtenstein represented the Congress of Vienna and joined the 39 new member states of the German Confederation, thus confirming his sovereignty. In order to fulfill its obligations under the German Confederation, in 1818, Prince Johann I passed a limited constitution to the principal. Although basic rights are not guaranteed,
the Constitution included provisions of a Controlled Assembly that could approve tax requirements and make proposals. For public welfare Under Confederation, Liechtenstein was also forced to maintain a military force. Austria – The Persian War, in which Austria mobilized German Confederation against Prussia, ended with the defeat of Austria and the dissolution of German Confederation. It freed Lichtenstein from his essential military force, and gave parliament an opportunity to refuse to fund further military spending. In 1868, when Prince John II assumed office, he became aware of the wishes of Parliament and abolished an army of 80 men.
Until World War I, Lichtenstein was financially annexed to Austria-Hungary, and was through a customs agreement signed in 1852. And almost full full stop for industrial production. Due to the general unrest after the war, a new constitution that allowed significant direct democracy was negotiated and ratified by Prince John II in 1921. This relationship was strengthened by the Joint Customs Agreement and the introduction of Swiss franc as a state currency in 1924. Along with Switzerland, Liechtenstein was successfully neutralized during World War II and benefited greatly from Switzerland’s customs and currency union.
Post-World War II economic growth
After World War II, Liechtenstein’s economy grew around highly skilled industrial firms, while also operating in the international financial sector. Lichtenstein moved from a poor agricultural country to a modern economy with a diverse economy. Within a few decades, Liechtenstein could no longer provide the manpower it needed for its economy. This shortage of workers meant that to date, Liechten’s economy is partially dependent on foreign workers (mostly from Switzerland and Austria).