history of maharana pratap
Birth: Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540, at Kambhalgarh, Fort of Rajasthan. According to the Vikram Smut calendar, the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap is celebrated every year on the Shukla Paktika of the month of Jestha.
Learn the history of her bravery …
Family: His father was Maharana Uday Singh
Family: His father was Maharana Uday Singh and mother Jaywant Kanwar or Jaywant Kanwar. He was the grandson of Rana Tsanga. As a child, everyone used to call Maharana Pratap as ‘Kika’. Mewar has its own special place in the Rajputana states in which the pride of history has been borne by Bapa Rawal, Khoman I, Maharana Hamer, Maharana Kambha, Maharana Sangha, Oye Singh and Vir Shirmani Maharana Pratap.
Total God: Maharana Pratap was the king of the Sisodia dynasty in Udaipur in Mewar
Total God: Maharana Pratap was the king of the Sisodia dynasty in Udaipur in Mewar. His total deity is Ekalinga Mahadeo. The intention of the rangers of the Mewar is very important in the history of the Mewar of Deva Ekalinga Mahadeo. The temple of Ekalinga Mahadev is located in Udaipur. The founder of Mewar, Bapa Rawal, built the temple in the 8th century and installed the idol of Ekalinga.
Delhi: During the reign of Pratap, Delhi was ruled by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, who, under the rule of all the kings and emperors of India, wanted to establish an Islamic empire all over India. Despite 30 years of continuous effort, Maharana Pratap did not accept Akbar’s subjugation, leaving her in the world.
Maharana’s pledge: Maharana Pratap promised Lord Ekling ji that for the rest of his life, only the Turks would leave Akbar and they would never accept Akbar as their emperor. Akbar had sent peace message four times to appease him, but Maharana Pratap rejected Akbar’s offer.Maharana Pratap and her horse power: Maharana Pratap had her favorite horse ‘Chetak’. The horse on which Pratap used to sit was one of the finest horses in the world. It is said that after that Maharana wore 72kg of armor and held 81kg of nezaya in his hand. The weight of the spear, armor and shield sword was 208kg in total. Rana was on the battlefield with a weight of 208kg. Imagine what his power was then.
Coronation: The coronation of Maharana took place at Goganda. In the midst of the wrath of the war, Rana Oye Singh left Chittor and encamped on the Aravalli mountain and established a new city called Adipur, which also became its capital. Due to his attachment to the Bedi Rani, Uday Singh had entrusted the throne to his younger son, Jagmal, at his death. However, Pratap was the natural heir of being the eldest son. At that time the chiefs and feudal lords also opposed the decision of Uday Singh.
On the other hand, Mewar’s subjects also loved Maharana Pratap
. When Jagmal received the throne, public opposition and frustration arose. Because of this, the Rajput chiefs jointly installed Vikram Samut 1628 Falgun Shakla 15 on 1 March 1576, ascended the throne of Maharaja Pratap Mewar. From this incident, Jagmal became his son and joined Akbar.
Udaipur was the capital of the Mewar of Maharana. He ruled from 1568 to 1597. Thinking that the Yawans, the Turks could easily invade Udaipur, and on the advice of the jagirdars, Pratap left Udaipur to make Kambhalgarh and the mountainous region of Goganda a center.
Jagmal met Ja Akbar: Jamal was angry and the Emperor went to Akbar and the Emperor gave him the territory of Jhajpur in the Jagir and made it in his favor. Subsequently, the Emperor gave Jagmal half the kingdom of the Sirohi kingdom. Because of this, Jugmal took on animosity with the Suratin Devora, the king of Sarwari, and eventually Jugmal was killed in the battle of 1583.
By the time Maharaja Pratap Singh assumed the throne of Mewar,
Rajputana was undergoing a very critical phase. Many kings of Rajputana bowed down to the tyranny of Emperor Akbar. The successors of many brave kingdoms forged their full dignity and forged cordial relations with the Mughal family. Maharana Pratap along with some of the honored royal families were also determined to protect the honor of their ancestors, and for this reason they always knocked on the eyes of the Ottoman Emperor Akbar.
Akbar attacks Mewar: Akbar made several attempts to conquer Mewar. Akbar launched a military campaign against Pratap and made Ajmer his center. Maharana fought for many years with the Mughal Emperor Akbar’s army. Pratap’s bravery was such that even his enemies were convinced of his fighting skills. The generosity was such that the arrested Mughal Begum of others was repatriated to them with respect.
Despite his great Mughal army, unmatched ammunition, new lists of advisers, long lists of spies, tactics, Akbar failed to bow to Pratap, he was the nephew of the Emperor Maharaja Bhagwandas (Mansingh). The ruler of Dungarpur and Udaipur was sent with the purpose of running, forcing the rulers of Dungarpur and Udaipur to accept the conviction with a large army. The state could not resist much in front of the army of Dangarpur Mansingh.
After this, Mansingh Maharana reached Adipur to appease Pratap.
Mansingh advised him to accept Akbar’s assertion, but Pratap declared to maintain his independence completely and to fight it in the war. The Emperor raised an empty hand when Mansingh came out of Udaipur as a frightening defeat and sent his vast Mughal army under the leadership of Mansingh and Asaf Khan to attack Mewar. Finally, on Wednesday morning, May 30, 1576, a fierce battle began in the field of the Haldi Valley.
A large army of Mughals marched towards Mewar, like grasshoppers. It also had great artillery with Mughal, Rajput and Pathan fighters. Prince Saleem (Jahangir) along with Akbar’s famous generals, Mehwat Khan, Asaf Khan, Mansingh, also run the Mughal canal, which has a historian of 80,000 to 100,000.
In this battle, Pratap cut the teeth of the Mughal army with unprecedented bravery and courage and killed hundreds of Akbar soldiers. Jala Sardar Mansingh took his crown and parcel on his head in a difficult situation. The Mughals considered it great and they followed it. This gave Rana the chance to leave the battlefield. Akbar was very angry with this failure.
In the meantime, Akbar with his own military force reached
Vikram Samut in the pretext of hunting in 1633 and suddenly attacked Pratap. Pratap understood the present conditions and limited resources and established himself in the mountainous regions and through the small and guerrilla warfare discouraged the enemy army. The king thought it wise to get out of the situation.
In a one-time war, Maharana Pratap introduced her religion and once in the war, when the royal commander Mirza Khan surrendered, there were royal women. Maharana honored them all and sent them with respect to Mirza Khan.
Battle with Jahangir: Later, in the battle of Haldi Valley,
Maharana Pratap faced 80,000 army of Mughal chief Raja Mansingh with about 20 thousand Rajputs. In it, Akbar sends his son Saleem (Jahangir) to war. Jahangir also had to suffer and he too fled the battlefield. Later Saleem assembled his army and once again attacked Maharana Pratap and this time a fierce battle took place. Chetak, the beloved horse of Maharana Pratap, was wounded in this battle.
The Rajputs bravely fought the Mughals, but the whole force was ineffective in the face of a vast army of enemies armed with artillery and gunners. Of the 22,000 Rajput soldiers present on the battlefield, only 8,000 surviving soldiers somehow managed to escape the battlefield. Maharana Pratap had to take shelter in the jungle.
Deportation of Pratap:
The time of Maharana Pratap spent in the hills and forests after the Battle of Haldi Valley. Through his guerrilla war policy, he defeated Akbar several times. Maharana Pratap left Chattoo and started living in the forests. The princes, the Sukumar princess and Kumar were forced to live on the water of grass ponds and jungle ponds. They now had a place in the Aravali caves and the rock was Shiite. Maharana Pratap was now worried about her family and young children.
The Mughals wanted the Pratap to be subject to Akbar and adopt the ‘Divine Divine’ religion. For this, he also sent many tempting messages to Maharana , but Maharana Pratap remained firm on his resolve. That prince of Pratap Rajput, the pride of Hindutva. The sun was set in this crisis, sacrifice, hardship.
Many small kings requested Pratap to remain in his kingdom,
but Maharana vowed to remain in the forests till the release of Mewar, so that the land of Mewar could be protected from Mughal rule. Abandoning tasty food will fill the stomach with roots and fruits, but will never accept Akbar’s seduction. While in the jungle, Maharana Pratap recognized the strength of the Bheels and the Mughal army faced difficulties many times through the methods of fighting. Pratap did not bow down to the enemy even as resources were limited.
Help of Bhasha Shah:
Later on Mayawar Bhasha Shah’s pride put all his wealth on the feet of the Empress. The Bahamas presented two million Ashrafis and 25 lakhs to the Empress. The Maharana rejoined this multi-faceted military organization. Encouraged by this extraordinary help, the Maharana regrouped her military force and renewed life in her army. The emperor then regained control of Kambhalgarh and continued his attack on the stations and places established by the Imperial troops.
Preparations to declare Maharana Pratap a winner in the battle of the Haldi Ghat
us. Let us tell you that in the battle of Haldi Valley, Pratap had only 20,000 troops and Akbar had 85,000 troops. Even so, Maharana did not give up and kept fighting the war for independence.
It. It is said that Akbar sent six peace envoys to persuade Pratap to end the war peacefully, but Maharana Pratap rejected his suggestion every time saying that the Rajput warriors never tolerated him. What. Can no
10 things related to the life of Maharana Pratap
maharana Was the Great Hindu ruler of Mewar. Everyone knows the story of their struggle. Pratap was one of the sixteenth-century Rajput rulers who fought against Akbar. Let’s know some important facts about them.
pratap Was the great Hindu ruler of Mewar. Maharana was one of the sixteenth-century Rajput rulers who fought against Akbar. Let’s know some important facts about them.
The Battle of the Haldi Ghat was fought between the Mughal kings Akbar and Pratap on June 18, 1576. The battle between Akbar and Rana proved to be as devastating as the war in Maha India.
It. It is believed that neither Akbar nor Rana were defeated in the Battle of Haldi Valley. If the Mughals had more military power, then Rana Pratap would not have lacked combat power.
Maha. Maharana Pratap’s weight was 81kg and her chest arm was 72kg.
His spear, armor, shield and two swords weighed 208kg simultaneously.
us. Let us tell you that in the battle of Haldi Valley, Maharana had only 20,000 troops and Akbar had 85,000 troops. Even so, did not give up and kept fighting the war for independence.
It. It is said that Akbar sent six peace envoys to persuade Maharana Pratap to end the war peacefully, but Maharana Pratap rejected his suggestion every time saying that the Rajput warriors never tolerated him. What. Can not
- Maharana Pratap has a total of 11 weddings in her life. He is said to have performed all these weddings for political reasons.
- Maharana Pratap was called Kika in childhood.
- The Chettik Maharana was Pratap’s most beloved horse. Like Maharana his horse Chetak was very brave.
- It is said that when the Mughal army fell behind them during the war, Chetak crossed the Maharana on his back and several feet long stream.
- There was only one Muslim chief who fought by Pratap in the battle of Haldi Ghat – Hakim Khan Suri.
- Maharana has a total of 11 weddings in her life. He is said to have performed all these weddings for political reasons.
- Maharana Pratap was called Kika in childhood.
- The Chettik Maharana was Pratap’s most beloved horse. Like Maharana Pratap, his horse Chetak was very brave.
- It is said that when the Mughal army fell behind them during the war, Chetak crossed the Maharana Pratap on his back and several feet long stream
- There was only one Muslim chief who fought by Maharana Pratap in the battle of Haldi Ghat – Hakim Khan Suri.