history of Mauritania

history of Mauritania And Flag

 Mauritania Flag
Mauritania Flag

The flag of Mauritania consists of a green leaf with a light yellow color with a yellow five-pointed star. The flag has both traditional African and Islamic symbols – yellow and green are important for the Muslim majority in traditional Arabic colors and green as well as the Halal moon and star Mauritania. From the eleventh century the country was dominated by barbaric nomads, thus becoming the center of Muslim beliefs, which spread throughout North Africa In the 16th century, the barbarians were defeated by the Arabs who ruled Mauritania until the 20th century, when the French withdrew. The current flag was adopted in 1959, when the country gained independence from France

History of Mauritania


History of Mauritania, Mauritania was originally settled in the Bafour tribe. During the period 200-600 AD, the Berber tribes entered the land and became the dominant people. The Ghanaian Empire remained in the southern part of Mauritania until the 11th century when Islamic warrior monks defeated the Ghanaian Empire. For the next 500 years the Arabs conquered the barbarians and took full control of the land.

At the beginning of the 30th century, the French colonized the area. It ended the Slayers and wars among the tribes. In 1960 Mauritania became an independent country. At that time the capital Nouakchott was founded, At that time 90% of the population was still nomadic tribes. The first president was Mukhtar Ould.

Geography of Mauritania


Total size: 1,030,700 square kilometers

Size Comparison: Three times a bit larger than the size of New Mexico

Geographical coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 W

World region or continent: Africa

Common Territory: Most of the desert desert, flat plains; some central hills

Geographical low point: Sebkhat Tee N-Dagcha-5 m

Geographical High Point: Cadet Agile 915 meters

Climate: Desert; constantly hot, dry, dust

Big City: Nouakchott (capital) 709,000 (2009)

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