History of Mexico City
History of Mexico City has been inhabited for 7000 years with the first tribes traveling from Central Europe to 5000 to 300 BC. Some tribes in Mexico City settled around the slopes of Mount Benacanel, on which stands the castle of Santa Barbara today. The highlight of the mountain was that it was close to the sea, but the altitude offered security for the invaders. According to some historians, Iberian (native Spanish) consolidated and protected the top of the hill.
The Nahuatl Aztec or Mexican tribe founded Mexico City on March 18, 1325, and became the capital of a sophisticated flourishing empire. It was originally located on a small island but due to its rapid development, the city was forced to create a series of artificial islands and canals to absorb the growth of the metropolis. Rulers and groups of warriors and lifelong warriors such as Izquitl, Mokotzuma I, Axiaktal, Tziz, Ahiuzotl, and Mukti Zuma II successfully led the city with a pre-Columbian civilization.
In 1519, the Spanish conqueror Hernانn Cortes entered the area. It acquired the city on August 13, 1521, and in 1524 was rebuilt as the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It was the political and cultural center of Mexico and was brought from the city to Guatemala, Yucatan, Cuba, Florida, and the Philippine administration. During this period the Baroque Metropolitan Cathedral and the Basilica of Guadalupe were built.
This area was under Spanish rule, and when Napoleon conquered Spain in 1808, the Mexican people began to rule themselves under a Catholic priest named Father Miguel de Hidalgo y Costella. He led an armed revolution in 1810. This war of independence came to an end when Mexico became the host of the first ruler of the Mexican Empire,
Augustine de Northside, and in March 1823 the nation became a republic. Then in 1824, a new government was formed, with the Mexican Federal District signing its new constitution The two-year war with the United States ended in 1848, after losing half of the country to the United States.
Benito Mauriz led the Reformation War, which lasted from 1858 to 1861 and occupied the city in 1867. However, in 1871 Porfirio Diaz succeeded in overthrowing the government, and then the city remained under Porphiero Diaz’s dictatorship for three decades. During this time, French influence was forced from Mexico City The Gold Angel Freedom was built under his administration to commemorate the first century of war’s independence, In February 1913 Mexico City, Dessna Trajica was hunted, Francisco I. A battle between the forces of Madro and Felix Diaz, which destroyed many parts of the city.
The post-revolution government reinforced the importance of the city. At the end of the 20th century, Mexico City experienced much of its growth in population. In 1950, the city had a population of three million.
Mexico City was the host of the 1968 Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup in 1970. The city was hit by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on the Richter scale at 07.19 am on September 19, 1985. As a result, some 5,000 people were killed and 90,000 displaced, In Mexico City, an earthquake of 7.5 magnitudes 9 occurred after 36 hours. However, he again hosted the FIFA World Cup in 1986, demonstrating a speedy recovery.
The city continued its recovery and development during the 1990s. Today, Mexico City has the rebuilt World Trade Center Mexico, which is the Tolkien-like Toure-Mayor, the tallest building in Latin America. The city ranks eighth in the top ten major cities in North America. It is one of the major economic and cultural centers with international importance in economic potential and fourth in the most expensive city.