history of Mozambique
History of Mozambique The people of Bantu settled in Mozambique about 2,000 years ago and established the Muvenimutapa Empire in the middle and south of the country. By about 900 CE, trade relations with India, Persia, China and above all the Arab world were established. Gold was the biggest attraction for these merchants and it was the precious minerals that first attracted the Portuguese to Mozambique, Vasco de Gama going to India in 1948.
The Portuguese established their first trade post in Sofala in 1505, which challenged the export of gold and Arab domination. By the end of the seventeenth-century ivory had replaced the original gold exports, while 50 50 years later, slaves became the largest commodity in Mozambique’s history.
Mozambique continued to rule from Goa until 1752 when it was brought under direct control from Lisbon. As a result of these links with India, several Indian business communities settled in the country, and their impact can still be seen today. Free Arab trading ‘states’ survived until the end of the nineteenth century.
After Portugal’s colonial role was confirmed in Mozambican history, the legacy of the Islamic State was abandoned in the areas where it existed. In the early 20th century, large tracts of land were leased and managed by private companies. Agriculture became an important activity, which gave birth to a large number of poor, rural black workers, while adherence to the policy of white supremacy.
Repression led to a reaction that led to the rise of freedom of movement and the establishment of libertarian organizations like the Free Limo in 1962. The armed struggle led to independence on June 25, 1975. A 17-year long civil war resumed in 1992 was resolved only. This was followed by a multi-party election in October 1994, after which Felimo emerged corrupt. Mozambique, which joined the Commonwealth in 1995, is now promoting its stability by promoting foreign investment and tourism.
Geographically, Mozambique covers an area of over 800,000 square kilometers, three times the size of the UK. Located in the southeast of the African continent, it borders with six other countries in the north, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia, Zimbabwe in the west, Africa in the south and Swaziland in the south. The 2,500 km long coastline has many wonderful beaches that are surrounded by lakes, coral reefs, and small island islands.
Mozambique’s geography consists of a vast, low, grassland plain rising from the coast to the mountains to the north and west, covering about half the area of the country. The population is concentrated along the beaches and fertile river valleys. Zimbabwe is the largest of the country’s 25 rivers. Mozambique is rich in mineral resources such as gold, emerald, copper, iron ore and bauxite and is currently engaged in oil exploration.
The climate of Mozambique
Coastal temperatures are mostly tropical with a temperate Mozambican climate while the interior is mildly warm, even in cold weather, from April to September, in dry weather. The hot, humid rainy season in the south is from December to March, in the north it extends for a few weeks. Coastal northern Mozambique’s climate is occasionally affected by hurricanes. It’s generally sunny all year long.