History of Nauru

history of Nauru

history of Nauru Nauru is a small, spirited coral limestone atoll, about 4km in length and 5km in length. Its arid interior plateau has been home to extensive bird reserves of decaying phosphate for centuries. It is believed that both Micronesia and Polynesian travel were planned almost 3,000 years ago. Their descendants were among the 12 marital tribes or tribes on the island.

history of Nauru European contact

The first European contact took place in 1798 between a British whaleship and the flotilla of Noran Canoe. The British captain named it ‘Pleasant Island’. From the 1830s, whaling ships visited the island and re-supplied and traded with Nooran, including the introduction of guns and alcohol, resulting in a decade-long war between the 12 tribes and around 14,400. (1843) Acquiring a population of 900 (1888).history of Nauru

In the middle of the nineteenth century, German merchants on this island became agitated for the protection of the German government. Major imperial powers, including the United States, were competing for colonial acquisitions, and after an Anglo-German Convention, Germany occupied the island in 1886.

In 1906 rich phosphate deposits were discovered and mining began. Until the occupation of the Australian army in 1914, Noor remained a German colony. A legacy that is still evident by the use of the German name by many Norwegians.

War suffering – and phosphate development history of Nauru

After the First World War, in 1919, the Noor became an integral part of the League of Nations with Australia as an administration – with Britain and New Zealand as co-trustees. The three governments formed the British Phosphate Commission, which took over the lucrative phosphate industry.

In World War II, Nuru was attacked by both German ships and Japanese aircraft and was captured by Japanese forces in 1942. During the war, the Nuruns suffered a lot, sending about 1,200 men to labor in a truck/square where at least one-third died. The rest of the Europeans were hanged by the Japanese. (A war memorial that specifically mentions atrocities during the war. To this day remains.)

history of Nauru A United Nations Trust Territory

The Australian army recaptured Noor in 1945, and in 1947 it took over the United Nations as a trusteeship territory, once again being co-trustees with Australia, Britain and New Zealand. The British Phosphate Commission restored the phosphate industry and large-scale exports resumed.

Pressure for independence – and phosphate compensation

In the 1950s, Hemmer Robert, a prominent position leader, emerged as a political leader who advocated for the independence of Nauru. Robert became a powerful advocate for independence, first in the locally powerful Neuro Local Government Council and later in a new legislative council.

Mining operations were so devastating that Australia proposed the settlement of the Nuruns on the island off the North Shore, just as the Banjos were resettled on Rabi in Fiji. Robert rejected Canberra’s proposal and, after strict bargaining, secured the Australian contract for complete independence, formally obtained in 1968. Hammer DeRobert became the first president of the new Republic.

In 1970, the British Phosphate Commission obtained control of one of the country’s most valuable resources by the Nururo Phosphate Corporation. Phosphate returns, for a short time, gave Noran the world’s highest per capita GDP. During the 1980s, the debate over compensation for the issue of catastrophic environmental disaster, and mining land reclamation for much of the island intensified. Novaro was seen by many as the first example of colonial exploitation in the Pacific. New Zealand and Australian farming consumers have benefited immensely from cheap phosphate.

In 1989, Nauru began prosecution of the International Court of Justice against Australia. In 1993 an agreement was reached, providing A107 million to Noor, the UK and New Zealand contributing A million 10 million to the settlement. However, the decline in phosphate and financial mismanagement brought the economy near collapse in the late 1990s.

Important events since independence
Following the death of Hammer Robert in 1992, Bernard Diogo was elected president

1987 Noor launches lawsuit against Australia for phosphate compensation, finally settled in 1993

1997 Political instability with the president holding five positions during one year

1999 Others join the British Commonwealth and the United Nations

In 2001, Australian refugee refugees were sent to detention Noor as part of the Australian ‘Pacific Solution’ to resolve the issue with ‘boat’ people.

In 2002, Noor established diplomatic relations with Taiwan, and in the following years, China and Taiwan moved forward. Currently relations with Taiwan

2006 experts found that phosphate reserves of Nauru are approx. Termination is reported.

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