history of Netherlands
history of Netherlands The oldest human life in the area, now known as the Netherlands, did so some 40,000 years ago. At that time, people were gathering hunters and wandering around the country for wild game. The first settlements did not begin to appear until about 4800 B.C.
Centuries later, during the Iron Age (800 B.C. – 58 B.C.), the prosperity of the area began thanks to the presence of iron in the area. This prosperity gained the interest of the early Romans, and they occupied the area beginning in 57 B.C.
The Romans ruled the Netherlands for 450 years, greatly affecting the citizens of the Netherlands. Towns were built, new settlements were laid, and new military structures were built. The influence of the Romans will influence the citizens for generations to come.
There will be many successes in Dutch culture in the early Middle Ages (411 – 1000). At the same time when the Pharisan kingdom was established, the Dutch language emerged, the first Christians settled in the area, and the Vikings raided the Low Countries.
The Middle Ages (1000 – 1432) saw that the Netherlands became part of the Holy Roman Empire and with it a permanent war between the feudal states. The Netherlands established itself as a major area of influence and saw many wars between 1350 and 1490, most notably in the Dutch count.
The reign of Charles VI (1506 – 1555)
The Burgundian period (1433 – 1567) began when the Duke of Burgundy united most of the Netherlands and Belgium today. It was that time
The path to Dutch nationalism began. And this is where our story begins.
Charles VI, at the age of six, inherited lesser countries after the death of his father, Philip Handsome. However, because of her young age, her maternal uncle, Margaret of Austria, would rule her kingdom until 1515, when she was of age.
By the 19th, Charles VI became the emperor of not only the Spanish Empire but also the German Empire. He would not return to the lower lands until his aunt’s death, when his new sister, Mary of Hungary, needed to be appointed a new regent for the area. Having no experience under the guise of helping her sister, Charles set up several councils to help her. But the main purpose behind the consultations was to recruit potential opposition to his camp.
Charles was eager and determined to expand his empire. As a result, he was always at war with new countries and was busy defending himself. One country with which he was constantly in the conflict was France. With fewer countries adjacent to France, they became a focal point of wartime efforts, leading to unrest in the region.
The reign of Charles VI ended in 1555, by his own choice. He was tired and tired for years of war, so he abandoned his throne and gave the Spanish Empire (including the lower countries) to his son, Philip II, and the Roman Empire to his brother, Ferdinand.
Same year war and the Dutch Republic (1566 – 1648)
The start of the Dutch uprising
During Charles’s reign and after that, specific laws made Protestant persecution and execution acceptable. As a result, several lower echelons of the lower countries have quietly applied for better rights for protesters on Brussels’ streets.
Margaret, Parma, was the then governor of the area and suspended these rules while consulting with Philip II. During this period when the laws were suspended, many Protestants began to attend public events. It was not long before a particularly upsetting speech led to a small uprising, where several Protestants attacked and damaged a local monastery.
This particular incident did not come from the blue but resulted in years of tension and aggression between Protestants and Catholics. This includes the fact that the region was facing an economic crisis, and social unrest was inevitable.
After receiving word about the destruction of the monastery, Philip II ordered the Duke of Alva to stop the unrest and establish Spain’s authority over the population. And Alva did so in his unique and terrifying way.
The Duke of Alva established the Council of Distress, known as the Blood Council, for several death sentences against those involved in the attack on the monastery.
Alva believed that the council would look after the unrest within a few months. However, it will be several years before the conflict ends.