history of Nicaragua
American Geography and Nicaragua have been linked to more than 150 years of history because of their unique geography. Known as the land of volcanoes and lakes, Nicaragua was an important sea and the California Gold Rush as a land route to American business interests between the Atlantic and the Pacific.
The American railroad mogul Cornelius Vanderbilt negotiated a maritime and land route across Nicaragua during the gold rush, which drastically reduced the amount of time required to ship goods and goods from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Has happened.
Called “American Adventure” in history books, William Walker attacked Nicaragua with a small army and declared himself president in 1856, vowing to establish a pro-slavery state to strengthen the Confederacy. ۔ Walker’s government only lasted a year. He was arrested in Honduras and hanged.
At the end of the 20th century, political unrest in Nicaragua pretended to send Americans to the Marines, which occupied Nicaragua for more than 30 years. The Nicaraguan, named Augusto Cesar Sandino, organized an army to oust them and they continued guerrilla warfare for several years in the 1930s until Sandino was tempted to sign a treaty in Mingua and He was killed. In order to maintain “peace,” Nicaraguan, Nicaraguan Somoza Garcia, one of the English speakers, was taken over by the United States, which established a family that ruled Nicaragua for 40 years, Even Sandinetas drove his son, Anastasio Somoza Debel, and his cronies out of the country in 1979.
After the devastating earthquake in Nicaragua in 1972, the power of Somoza began to decline. The capital was the center of Managua. Near the city was completely destroyed and more than 10,000 people were killed. International aid floods the country. Nicaraguans believe that Somza has put most of it in his pocket or used it to boost his business interests. He was widely criticized and the assassination of his main critic, the newspaper’s owner Pedro Jochen Chamorro, gave rise to a revolt of the general population, the beginning of a year-long, armed struggle.
The extermination of Somoza was finally completed in July 1979, when more than 40,000 people paid their lives. The Americans tried to establish an interim government, but Sandinetas clearly won the hearts and minds of the people. Therefore, the Americans had to step back and see that Cuba took steps to help Sandinetas learn to consolidate public aid and transform it into a political force. Cuba’s presence, President Reagan’s frustration with Sandinatas’ leftist politics, resulted in a notorious Contra war, in which former national guards camped in Honduras, raiding deeply in Nicaragua. Had destroyed everything that was built Coupes, hydroelectric power plants, and roads. The contrary, lasting 10 years, was made possible by the US government, whose agents smuggled weapons and drugs to write it.
The US Congress announced a ban, which the World Court declared illegal in The Hague. After ten years of devastating conflict, the Nicaraguans voted to oust the Sandinistas, knowing that as long as the Sandinistas held office, American intervention would continue. He chose Violeta Chamorro, a patron of the old, anti-Somoza family. She was accepted into the United States with her more conservative, entrepreneurial stance and contrary, the war was closed, leaving most of the country’s infrastructure in ruins and thousands of people were killed, displaced and displaced for life.
Now that a Chinese company has signed an agreement with the Nicaraguan government to build an alternative canal in Nicaragua, so the United States is once again paying full attention to Nicaragua. The House Subcommittee on Hemispheric Affairs has threatened that since Aurtika’s re-election for the third term, judicial removal of Nicaraguan’s constitutional barrier on more than two consecutive terms and its effect on Nicaragua’s political process Uncertainty has created Future.