history of Niger
history of Niger Less dry than it is today, the Sahara region of northern Niger was inhabited by humans some 600 to 600,000 years ago. The area became a confluence for North African commercial convoys and Muslim missionaries. Various empires and ethnic groups claimed territories and established states, especially the people of Hosu, which is today the largest ethnic group in West Africa. The Fulani of Sokoto established a Muslim empire and invaded the area of Hoos, taking control of the area in the late 18th century. European explorers, namely Mingo Park in Scotland and Heinrich Barth in Germany began to arrive in the early 1800s, looking for the source of the Niger River. The French military explorer arrived in Niger in 1890. France gradually began to conquer the area and suppress indigenous groups’ rebellion, though the nomadic Tewareg people resisted. Niger became a colony in French West Africa in 1922, and in 1946 received the status of overseas.
France agreed to the independence of Niger in 1960. Our diary became the first president of a new republic under a party, the Party Progressive Negrion (PPN). The military coup in 1974 ended allegations of corruption in which Dory was arrested and Lieutenant Colonel Sion County came to power. He served as military chief of state until his death in 1987 and was succeeded by Brigadier General Ali Sabu. In the 1990s, Saibo refused to call for a democratic system with several political parties. In 1993, Osmani was elected the first Hausa President of Niger in the Convention Democratic At-Society (CDS) campaign. After a series of uprisings, Memo became president of the De la Societe de Développement (MNSD) in the 1999 Democratic elections of the Tandja Movement National. Tandja tried to break his two-term rule and was ousted by rebel troops in 2010. One year after the military rule, elections took place and the Tandja Party’s Nigerian rival, Socialist Mahmud Esoufu, Democrat at Le Socialism (PNDS), became President of Niger in 2011.