history of Norway
Viking Age (793-1066 AD)
For more than three centuries, the Vikings traveled and attacked neighboring countries. Gradually they gained national recognition and became Swedish, Danish and Norwegian. The local chieftains were managing their territories in the country until Herald Hurfugry annexed Norway and became the first king around 885.
The basic elements for the Vikings were the symbol of the ship, the device, and the Viking expansion. Due to extraordinary qualities and naval abilities, they spread to the Pacific, below the Caspian Sea, to Greenland and Iceland, and to North America in the year 1000, about 500 years before Christopher Columbus, where Lef Ericsson Reach the US Army. At that time, Norway became a Christian country and the ruling king oppressed the Viking religion, but many remained in the old faith. Artifacts from this Nordic story can still be seen on weekdays names and Norwegian holiday celebrations.
Alliance with Denmark
As a result of royal marriage in the 14th century, Norway formed an alliance with Denmark. In addition, the loss of political power was also affected by black deaths, which killed more than 50% of Norway’s population. The commercial activity was handled by the Hanseatic Lodge and they controlled the distribution of fish from Bergen to the Baltic region for almost 200 years.
The name of this country was “Denmark-Norway” and the capital was Copenhagen. Danish became the official language among state officials from 1450 and considerable cultural unity took place. By the end of the period, generally, the economy was growing and the population was growing. The establishment of the University in Oslo in 1811 confirmed the fight for a more independent status within the Union.
Alliance with Sweden
The year 1814 is a remarkable year in the history of Norway. As a result of the Allies’ decision, Norway was extradited to Sweden after the end of the Napoleonic War. Constitutional law was drafted and signed, and Swedish King Carl Johann arrived in Norway. The alliance with Sweden continued for less than 100 years and ended in 1905 as a result of a popular referendum. It was a “technical” union and a non-cultural alliance was formed between the two countries. The parliament was divided into two parts and since the king was obliged to stay in Oslo for at least 3 months every year, the Parliament building (Storthing) and the royal palace were built during the middle of the 19th century. Creating a “heart” today. The city center of Oslo.
Norway declared itself neutral during both World War II and World War II, but nonetheless, on April 9, 1940, Germany invaded and occupied Norway. Norway was liberated in May 1945 with the help of coalition forces, following a strong resistance against German occupation. Norway accepted the Marshall Plan from the United States and rebuilt the country in five years. After the war, Norway became a member of NATO and in 1952 the Nordic Council was established. The potential for a strong “free” is one of several reasons that explain Norway’s relations with Europe and also the fact that the Norwegian people told the European Union in 1972 and 1994 the “no” Voted.
history of Norway modern era
Since the discovery of crude oil in the Norwegian continental shelf in 1969, living standards have increased substantially and the wealth of the “Knowledge Fund” today represents NOK 350,000 per capita. The petroleum industry is essential to the Norwegian economy and the “know-how” acquired during this period has become an important export article (product).