history of Oman
History of Oman tells stories of bravery, courage, wisdom, patriotism, love, and devotion from the homeland. This is closer to understanding the richness of our cultural experience in Oman, which has contributed to the construction of modern Oman.
The strategic location of Oman has played an important role in many campaigns and territorial disputes in the region. Oman overlooks the Arabian Sea, the Pacific Ocean, and the Gulf of Arabia. It also controls the Strait of Hormuz, one of the region’s most important facilities, linking Oman to the Gulf of Arabia. Strait Harms is a gateway to all ships coming from the Indian Ocean and the Pacific.
Muscat is one of the first cities to be settled in the province. Modern archaeological discoveries suggest that humans settled in the Stone Age, about 10,000 years ago.
Babylon and the Assyrians settled in Oman because they wanted to overcome the trade route that connects Asia with the Mediterranean coast.
Islam spread and Mazin bin Gadhwa joined Islam as the first person in Oman and migrated to Medina to meet the Prophet, the first mosque was built in Oman. It is the Al-Madhar mosque that still stands today in the province.
These events paved the way for the two kings of Oman, Joffer and Abdul Nani al-Jallandi, to enter Islam with all their hearts and faith after receiving a letter from the Prophet. In one hadeeth, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “May Allah have mercy on the people of Al-Ghuabira” (ie the people of Oman). “They believed in me even though they didn’t see me”. In the sermon, our master Abu Bakr al-Sadiq also said to the people of Oman: “Oman, you have voluntarily entered Islam even though the Prophet did not come to your land. On foot or horse you It is not opposed because other Arabs have opposed it, and you have not demanded separation or dispersal. May God unite you in welcome.
With the election of the first Imam Ibn Mas’ud, the imam started in Oman in 751 and continued for four centuries until 1154. In the middle of the fifteenth century, several attempts were made to restore the rule of the Imamat in Oman, but this did not happen. Successful.
During 1498-1507 AD, the Portuguese tried to control Oman. Omani history tells the story of the Omani people who ousted the Portuguese from their struggles and courage. Nasir bin Murshid was elected Imam in 1624.
Due to Oman’s coastal location, the Omani Navy achieved a significant regional location. This angered the Portuguese, who did not forget their devastating defeat. Fierce battles ensued between the Portuguese Navy (which made India its base after the liberation of Oman) and the strong Navy of Oman. After a fierce battle, the Omani fleet succeeded in defeating the Portuguese fleet.
History of Oman In 1698, Empire Omani subsequently included cities on the African East Coast, which stretched from Mombasa to Kila, Zanzibar, Pemba, and Bata. Mozambique remained under Portuguese rule until the twentieth century.
Oman was subjected to numerous attempts by the Persians to invade its territory, but Oman’s perseverance and bravery successfully defeated the occupier. The invaders suffered defeat, and they identified the actions of the Omani heroes in defense of their territory. This great victory was achieved by Imam Ahmad ibn Sa’id al-Ba’ida, who defeated the Persians and was elected Imam.
With the beginning of the 1970s, a new revival began in the Sultan’s kingdom, with the beginning of the prosperous period of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos ibn Syed.