History of Qutub Minar Delhi India
The history of Qutub Minar big tower
The founder of Turkish rule in northwestern India and the founder of the Mamluk kingdom in Delhi, Qutbuddin Aibak, began construction of this monument in 1192. Aibak dedicated the minaret Sufi mystical, Sunni and Chishti Order scholar Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki. There are different beliefs around the significance of the minaret. Although some sources believe that it was built as a minaret of victory at the beginning of Muslim rule in India, others say it served the nobility who were loyal to the minarets. Said. The uncertainty revolves around the tower’s name, and some suggest that it was named after Sufi elder Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, while others believe it was named after Aibak.
It was completed in 1220 by Shamsuddin Tutmish, son-in-law and successor of Aibak, considered to be the founder of the Delhi Empire. Altamish added three more floors to the monument. This historic monument suffered some natural disasters. In 1369 heavenly lightning fell on the floors above the tower, which completely knocked it over. The then Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq, ruler of Delhi’s empire, took charge of its restoration and erected two more floors for the marble and red stone minarets. Once again in 1505 when an earthquake hit it, Sultan Sikandar Lodi of Delhi then rebuilt the two-storeyed buildings on the top of the
minaret with marble. The Persian and Arabic characters, engraved in various parts of the minaret, talk about the history of its construction. The minaret suffered the wrath of nature on September 1, 1803 when a major earthquake hit it. In 1828, it was refurbished by Major Robert Smith of the British Indian Army, who mounted a cupola on the tower. However, in 1848, when the then Governor-General of India, Henry Harding, at the behest of the first visit Harding, the cupola was installed from the tower and placed to the east of where the cupola is located.
the is a base of 73 meters (240 feet) high topping tower, which has a diameter of 14.3 meters (47 feet) and a diameter of 2.7 meters (9 feet). The minaret consists of six floors, the first three being constructed with red silver stone and the next three with sandstone and marble. A circular staircase of 9379 steps can reach the top of the tower to get a panoramic view of the city. The verses of the Qur’an stand on the bricks of the minaret,
decorated with iron painters. Each floor of the tower has a projected balcony around the tower and is supported by caravans, which are surrounded by a vault with butter or honey comb, a kind of architectural ornamental vaulting. In addition to the architectural styles developed in various positions from the time of Aibak to Tughlaq, the materials used in the construction of various stages of the tower have also been changed in different ways. The tower is bent 65 cm above the ground.
Qutub Minar Complex
A number of monuments and buildings that are historically significant and associated with the minaret form a part of the pole complex and the entire area. The structures inside the complex include the Qutat-ul-Islam mosque, the Delhi pillar, the tomb of the Imams, the tomb of the Ultomsh and the cupola of Major Smith.
Among them is the Qawzat-ul-Islam Mosque, located northeast of Manatee, as the first mosque to be built in India. Administered by Aibak, the construction of this mosque began in 1193 and was completed in 1197. This fine structure consists of an inner and outer courtyard with shaft adornments, most of which were taken from 27 Hindu temples demolished for the construction of the mosque. An inflammatory inscription at the eastern gate of the mosque lists information that shows the presence of ordinary Hindu ornaments in a Muslim mosque.
Another noteworthy attraction inside the History Qutub Minar Complex is the 7-meter (23-foot) iron puller, a rust-resistant iron column that not only attracts tourists but also attracts the attention of archaeologists and material scientists. There are divine inscriptions in this pillar of the kingdom Gupta. It is generally believed that one can hug a pillar with both hands when standing behind it and then its wish is fulfilled.
A visit to the historical monument
The memorial complex, located in Mehrauli, Delhi, India, is open to visitors all day, from sunrise to sunset. The entry fee for Indian nationals is per person. 30 / – and Rs. 500 / -Admission is free for children up to 15 years. Although visitors were allowed to climb the stairs inside the minaret to reach its peak, a fatal accident on December 4, 1981, which killed 45 people and injured many, has banned such access to the general public. کردی۔ Medieval India’s masterpiece, Qutub Minar has been one of the most popular tourist destinations in Delhi over time and recent collaboration with the Archaeological Survey of India has made it possible to achieve this tower’s 360o walkthrough.