India and china war
india and china war India and China are considered, the oldest civilizations in Asia. Both nations have enjoyed great relations for many years with each other. The people of both countries had cordial relation with each other as well. In 1949, India became the second country to recognize China which proved to be another step towards better relations. There was an agreement between India and China related to their relations and their peaceful co-existence namely as Panchshel Agreement. In which both nations had to: respect for each other’s territorial integrity,
Mutual non-aggression policy and non-interference in domestic problems, the mutual benefits and finally, the peaceful co-existence. These were the major points in agreement of Panchshel which
enhanced the good relation between both the countries. Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai also visited India and said that there would be no war ,between India and China in future The Sino-Indian relation was at its peak during 1950 to 1959 and they had a slogan as “Hindi-Chinni Bhai Bhai”.
1959 became the turning point in Sino-Indian history
when a serious border conflict emerged in border areas. There were some areas like Hamalyas, Ladakh, Tibet and Thagla, which were exclaimed, as disputed areas Mcmahon line was the border line of British India and China After the British departed, India considered that particular line as an established border line with China. On the other hand China ceased to identify this line as legitimate border line.
As China considered these areas as a part of its own territory,
so, it deployed a large army on border, taking the initiative of border violation. In response to Chinese aggression, India strongly protested national and international level. The problem could not been resolved meanwhile a rebellion took place in Tibet which ultimately intensified the dispute
This small confrontation eventually. proved to be a war between, India and China in 1962, also known as the border dispute India, responded to China’s hostility at the border and adopted a forward policy. Forward policy was initiated by Indian, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, in which India could move its heavy troops to the border areas
Indian troops were aware of the CIA, which confirmed that China was not in a position to invade India. India launches an army to invade China at Ladakh and Thugla. Although India invaded China, its army was unemployed for mountain warfare They did not know what to do in these mountainous areas and how to fight in these difficult areas The Indian army,
on the other hand, was too weak to defeat the Chinese forces. China invaded India with a fully acquainted and well-disciplined army, acquainted with weapons and climate. China invades Indian troops in Ladakh The Chinese army, made two attempts and the Chinese army was rescued from Indian troops, The Chinese crushed the Indian army This war was a short war but a decisive confrontation between India and China. The conflict left far-reaching implications for the subcontinent.
Prior to this war, India had followed a policy of non-alliance. This war raised a huge question about India’s policy of military weakness and non-alliance.
At this stage, India will seek assistance from other foreign, countries to develop its defense on a new and stronger basis. He had to go to either the Communist Bloc or the Capitalist Bloc for help. India was now thinking of going to the imperialist countries. Chinese invasion forced India into arms Because of this war, Americans also now had the opportunity, to apply this situation to their own interests and they began to think that India would become a state that fought against the capitalist bloc against the Communist bloc. Will
Another important Asian country was Pakistan, India and China, along a northerly line. In the 1962 war, Pakistan fully supported China for its claim. This war provided an important opportunity for Pakistan to re-evaluate its foreign policy
direction and goals. India’s sudden weakness became Pakistan’s new power. Pakistan had the opportunity to take advantage of these situations for its own benefit. Kashmir was the first and most important issue between Pakistan and India at that time. Due to this war, India has faced considerable pressure internationally to resolve the issue as soon as possible.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who was then Foreign Minister, called for a proper solution to the problem India was close to resolving the Kashmir ,dispute but lack of commitment to the international community and a brief glance at Bhutto made this dream, fall to the ground India was not interested .in solving this problem
It was only a matter of time now that he protected his borders from the invasion of Pakistan. Many critics see this as an important opportunity to resolve the issue and argued that Pakistan should have invaded India while the latter was involved in a dispute with China
Another important consequence is that China began ,to look for any ally, who could stand with it in a morally difficult time, if not morally. In this case, China was the clear choice for Pakistan to establish lasting relations. The old idea of Hindi chian bhai bhai was changed and reacted with Pak-China friendship
The friendship between Pakistan and China has grown very strong and this friendship continues. Pakistan’s foreign policy was oriented ,towards China, and China came to support Pakistan as an experienced friend at the time The war between China and India left some problems for Pakistan on the one hand and China’s friendship on the other,
which India responded to with enmity. India has begun to believe that China will support Pakistan against India in every subsequent event. This behavior brought about some significant changes in Pakistan’s foreign policy and Pakistan started making India a foreign policy.
The war between China and India was a decisive conflict. It has left many problems for the subcontinent. China gained importance in the subcontinent and also in the international arena. On the other hand, it also changed Pakistan’s foreign policy. Indian attitudes toward China and Pakistan began to change and a new system, of balance of power emerged in the subcontinent.
India is adjusting its military strategy to include
the possibility of a limited two-state war, with both Pakistan and China, the first Blue Book of India published by China’s think tank said.
The Blue Book summary, issued by the Chinese, Military Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) states that the deployment of the Indian Army has been primarily decided against Pakistan, but in recent times, it has been used by both China and Pakistan Also adjusting for
The Chinese-language book which is the first on India, said New Delhi is focusing on tackling a limited war with China and Pakistan at the same time
It spoke of the massive increase in troops at the borders and the upgrading of border forces with new weapons and equipment.
The report talked about India’s maritime deployment in recent years, which is one of the major reasons for China’s concern as it poses a major threat to India’s, rapid spread of the blue sea.
The book, which talks about India’s efforts to consolidate, its maritime power in the East, specifically mentioned the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy and its bases in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Is. gone
The report states that India wants to see Pakistan as a “real danger”.
The report highlights the recent corruption scandals that have damaged the government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.