the history of Ghana
the history of Ghana Medieval Ghana (4th – 13th Century): The Republic of Ghana is named after the Ghanaian Empire of medieval West Africa. The real name of the empire was Ouagadougou. Ghana was the title of the monarch who ruled the kingdom. It was controlled by Sandiata in 1240, and it was absorbed into the larger financial empire. (In the reign of Manas Moses, the reign of Malachi reached the height of almost 1307 success.)
Geographically, Old Ghana is 500 miles north of present-day Ghana, and occupies the area between the rivers Senegal and Niger.
Some of the present-day Ghanaian ancestors belonged to medieval Ghana. It can be traced to Manda and Voltaic Manpere – Memprocess, Digumba and Gonja – in northern Ghana.the history of Ghana
The evidence of the incident linked Akan to this great empire. This is evidenced by names such as Dansu, which are common to the current Ghanaian and Senegal / Gambia-based Mandecas Akan, which have strong links to the empire. There is also Metroline
Gold Coast and European Exploration: Before March 1957, Ghana was called the Gold Coast. The Portuguese who came to Ghana in the 15th century found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and Volta that they named the place Mina. The Gold Coast was later adopted by the British colonists. Similarly, the French were equally impressed by the beach-wearing trinkets, called Ivory Coast,the history of Ghana d’Ivoire.
In 1482, the Portuguese built a palace in Almena. Their purpose was to trade in gold, ivory and slaves. In 1481, King John II of Portugal sent Diego de Azamboja to build the fort.
In 1598 the Dutch joined them, and they built castles in Kommanda and Kormantisil. In 1632 he occupied the Portuguese and Axim palaces in 1642 (Fort St. Anthony). By the middle of the 18th century other European merchants also joined. They were English, Dennis and Swedish. The coastal route was surrounded by fortresses built by Dutch, British and Dan traders. By the end of the 19th century, the Dutch and English were the only traders. And when the Dutch returned in 1874, Britain made the Gold Coast the crown colony.
By 1901 the Ashanti and the North were made a guard.
United Kingdom and the Gold Coast The first British arrived in Ghana in the early 19th century as traders. But with their close relations with the coastal peoples, especially the Fantas, the Ashanti became their enemies.
Economic and social development (before 1957)
1874 – Gold mine in Wassa and Easy. Between 1946-1950 gold exports increased from £ 6 million to £ 9 million.
Political movements and nationalism in Ghana (1945 – 1957)
Educated Ghana has always been at the forefront of constructive movements. The names that come to mind are – Dre Agri, George Ferguson, John Mensah Serb. Others, such as King Gharte IV of Wenneba, Ottumo Osse Aigimen, raised the political awareness of his concession. However, the movement towards political independence began shortly after WWII.
This is because suddenly people realized that colonization was a form of oppression, as it had just fought against oppression. Former combatants had become fundamentalists. The legend surrounding the white man is broken. The rulers were considered to be economic frauds, their scent had become very aggressive. They had a ruling class attitude, and some young district commissioners (DCs) treated older chieftains as if they belonged to them. Local pay was bad. There is no good rural health or education policy. Until 1950, there were 2 government secondary schools in the country, the rest were made by missionaries.
To some extent African culture was also rejected. Some external forces also fueled this feeling. African-American Americans like Marcus Garvey and WE DuBois gave birth to a Pan-African formal conscience.
A conference was held in Manchester in 1945 to promote Pan-African thought. It was attended by Nicarama of Ghana, Aztec in Nigeria and Wallace Johnson of Sierra Leone. The independence of India and Pakistan triggered this desire.
The constitution of Sir Alan Burns 1946 provided for a new legislative council which was constituted by the Governor as President, six government officials, 6 nominated members and 18 elected members.
The Executive Council was not responsible to the Legislative Council. They were only in consultation, and the governor was not required to take notice.
These forces formed Dr. JB Dinka in 1947 to form the United Gold Coast Conversion (UGCC). Anchroma was invited to become the general secretary of this party. Other officers were George Grant (Paa Grant), Akufo Edo, William O’Fory Atta, Obitsi Lamptey, Aku Aigai, and J. Tabooi. Their goal was freedom for Ghana. They rejected the Burns constitution.